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KEREN KAYEMETH LEISRAEL
o the Jews of the Diaspora, it may seem that Israel is always facing a crisis. Some of these crises, such as war or terrorism,
are man-made. Others, such as Israel's chronic water shortage, are as old as the land itself.
In Israel, as in many other semi-arid lands around the world, water development has always been a national priority.
Now, with a rapidly growing population resulting from mass immigration, expanding scarce water resources has taken on a
new urgency, an urgency in which the Jewish National Fund has a vital and major role-to play.
The challenge to Israel and the Jewish National Fund is to provide for the absorption of all the new immigrants while in-
creasing available fresh water resources to allow for Israel's continued progress and growth. This must be done without damag-
ing the quality of either the water or the environment.
Israel relies on three main fresh water sources: the Sea of Galilee and two major underground aquifers which stretch beneath the coastal plain
and the central mountain ridge. Annual rainfall in Israel ranges between six and ten billion cubic meters of water, mainly between November and
March, and is concentrated in the north of the country. Most of this water, about 60 percent, is lost to evaporation in Israel's intense heat. Approxi-
mately 35% percolates into the subsoil where about half recharges the aquifers, and half is lost as run-off. The remaining 5% constitutes surface
floodwaters of which only about one-fifth is currently captured before the balance drains into the sea. As a result, Israel is left with an annual renew-
able average of some 1.7 billion cubic meters of fresh water.
This 1.7 billion cubic meters of fresh annual accumulation is barely enough to supply the needs of the present population of Israel in a "normal"
year. Additional immigration, erratic rainfall and preiodic drought exacerbate the water shortage and create the potential crisis faced by Israelis
every year. Israel's water problems cannot be solved by conservation alone. New sources must be created to meet the growing demand.
To this end, the country is now gearing up for a three-pronged program to expand water availability nationwide. Plans call for purifying and re-
cycling an additional 100 million cubic meters of sewage water for agriculture, desalinating another 100 million cubic meters of brackish water, and
constructing a new system of darns and water reservoirs to capture at least 100 million cubic meters of floodwaters.
JNF's expertise over the past 20 years in building dams and reservoirs in now to be devoted all the more vigorously to capturing floodwaters and
recycling efforts. In the works or planning stages are six more reservoirs in the Beit She'an Valley, a network of stow dams along the Nahal Besor
drainage basin in the Negev, and an assortment of floodwater storage and sewage recycling reservoirs at various other locations around the country.
These measures are designed to sever Israel's dependence on the Sea of Galilee as the prime source of fresh water and to add millions of cubic me-
ters of new fresh water annually to the country's groundwater and irrigation potential.
Former Minister of Agriculture, Reserve General Rafael Eitan, has noted, `JNF has longstanding experience in this particular area, and I am
more than happy that it is playing an active role, together with government agencies and local authorities, in building regional water projects, in-
cluding reservoirs and dams. The development of water resources is urgent as well as rewarding for both those who will benefit from it directly and
those who will help it come to pass."
THE DREAM OF RECLAIMING AND DEVELOPING THE LAND OF ISRAEL HAS BEEN THE VERYFOUNDATION OF THE JEWISH NA-
TIONAL FUND SINCE ITS INCEPTION AT THE FIFTH ZIONIST CONGRESS IN 1901. THOSE OF US WHO BELIEVE IN THE CONTINUED
EXISTENCE OF A STRONG AND VIBRANT JEWISH HOMELAND UNDERSTAND THE CHALI .ENGE PRESENTED BYTHE NEED TO DE-
VELOP A DEPENDABLE SOURCE OF FRESH WATER FOR ISRAEL.
JNF IS COMMITTED TO MEETING THIS CHALLENGE. TO SUCCEED, WE DEPEND ON SUPPORT FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. TO
SUCCEED, WE DEPEND ON YOUR SUPPORT.
Our JNF staffwill be happy to provide more complete details about this crisis and the steps that are being taken to meet the resulting challenge if
you will please call 557-6644 during normal business hours.
By providing assistance to development of a dependable fresh water supply for Israel, you will be assuring the very lifeblood of survival to your fel-
low Jews and to the State of Israel.
JNF Moving To
10 Mile Road
FAX: (313) 557-2412
Eli Scherr, President of the JNF
Council, announced at a recent
board meeting that the Jewish Na-
tional Fund will be moving from
its present offices located at 18877
W. Ten Mile Road to the former
Manny Charach and Associates
Building, 17100 W. Ten Mile
Mr. Scherr stated that Manny
and Natalie Charach, noted phil-
anthropists in our community,
had donated their 4,000 square
boot building to JNF. The new fa-
cility will be known as the JNF
Charach Building. This unusual
gift will enable JNF to drastically
cut its expenses and, obviously,
that much more of its income will
be sent to Israel.
The Charaches have been
identified with Israel through JNF
for scores of years. Among the
projects established have been:
Manny and Natalie Charach
Panoramic Playground; Janice
Charach Epstein Memorial For-
est; Madeline Berman Grove, the
Rose Rogow Miller Grove; and
the Irwin Charach Grove.
A gala opening will be planned
for late summer or early fall.
Enlarged To Forest
Enrollment As Of
June 2 1993
Because of the tremendous
outpouring of concern and
love from family and friends,
the grove of 1. ,000 Trees
established in memory of
young Tony Richman has
been increased to a Forest of
10,000 Trees, in the American
Independence Park in
Carol and Ronald Bigman,
Mitzie and Ronald Brown,
Shirley and Stan Haiprin, Sandy
and Bill Lefkofsky; Ruth Mott;
Friends of Hy Cohen; Ceil Har-
ris; Ceil Spector; Children,
Grandchildren and Great-
Grandchildren of Isadore and
Mollie Margolis; Family of Irving
and Ida Rogovein; Universal
Standard Medical Laboratories,
Inc.; Selma and Phyllis Korn.
WE MOURN THE LOSS
OF: ANN BIGMAN, IRVING
BLOOM, MAX KLEIN, LAR-
RY NICHAMIN, DR. ISRAEL
Subscribers As Of
!tine 7, 1993
Esther and Ben Jones; The
Hermelin and Weinberg Families;
David and Doreen Hermelin.
Anthony Franci- 4
To Be Honored By
INF October 14
Eli Scherr, President of the JNF
Council, is pleased to announce that
Anthony M. Franco will be honored
by JNF at their Tribute Dinner
which will be held on Thursday, Oc-
tober 14, 1993, at 6:00 p.m. at Con-
Co-Chairmen of the event will in-
clude: Joseph E Antonini; Leon S.
Cohan; Edsel B. Ford II; David B.
Hermelin; Iris Kaufman; John E.
Lobbia; Florine Mark; Robert Naf-
taly; Harry J. Nederlander; Jack A.
Robinson; Dr. Mark B. Safer and
Frank D. Stella.
At the Dinner, Mr. Franco will re-
ceive JNF's Tree of Life Award, giv-
en in recognition of professional
humanitarian leadership as well as
community involvement and dedi-
cation to the cause of American-Is-
Anthony M. Franco is Chairman
and Chief Executive Officer of An-
thony M. Franco, Incorporated, the
Tree Planting At
Walk For Israel
Michael Langnas and David
Baum, Co-Chairmen of the Young
Leadership Division of JNF, are
pleased to announce that over 200
trees were planted at the Walk for
Israel on Sunday, May 16th. Our
appreciation is extended to the fol-
lowing volunteers for their help in
making this event so successful:
agency which he founded in 1964.
Mr. Franco is highly visible in the
business and civic communities,
serving numerous organizations. He
is past chairman of WIVS-Channel
56; past chairman of the Greater De-
troit Chamber of Commerce; and
a member of the board of directors
for Ross Roy Group. He also serves
as a member of the executive board
of the Detroit Area Council Boy
Scouts of America where he also
served as past president
The Dinner will culminate De-
troit JNF's Operation Promised
Land Campaign. Campaign Chair-
man, Paul Sherizen, stated that, "the
desperately needed funds required
by Keren Kayemeth Leisrael
through our campaign will be uti-
lized in several programs. Af-
forestation must and will continue
throughout the country. Develop-
ment and creation of water dams
and reservoirs is critical to the en-
larged population's survival."
We hope that our community will
generously respond to these new
pressures presented to JNF and
"pack the hall" when Tony Franco
is honored. For information about
the dinner, call JNF, 557-6644.
Michael and Alayna Langnas;
David and Lynne Baum; Dennis
and Anita Blender; Larry and Su-
san Slabotsky; Jonathan Brateman;
Gregg Kepes and Shelly Brodsky;
Mark Wander; Andy and Stacy
Finn; and Eli Scherr, President of
the JNF Council. And our thanks
to those who planted trees in West
Bloomfield which will be twinned
with trees planted in Israel.
Along with the trees planted last
year, 400 trees are living and grow-
ing. JNF thanks you!