Women Intercede in Defense of Oppressed Jews in Arab Lands
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Mrs. Shoshana Hareli, international president of the 200,000-member International
Council of Jewish Women, has asked United Nations •Secretary General U Thant "to exercise your influence and
authority . . . on behalf of the suffering Jewis in Arab countries, particularly Syria."
The cable was sent to Thant as part of a campaign by the ICJW's 25 national branches to publicize the
plight of Jews in Arab lands.
(Related Story on Page 9)
in Middle East:
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Review of Jewish News
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For Our Youth
and Their Elders
From the Left
February 12, 1971
Israel's Answer Conditional:
Canal's Reopening Depends
on Firm Peace Settlement
Mobil Co. Boycott of Israel
Continues Despite Apology
LONDON (JTA) — The Mobil Shipping Co. has apologized for the
contents of a letter barring from its ships "products of Israeli origin or ap-
pearing to be of Jewish or Israeli origin." Bt4 the tanker-operating firm,
a British subsidiary of the Mobil Oil Corp., made it clear that it will
continue to keep such products off its vessels calling at Arab ports.
The Mobil letter which went out to ship chandlers in Britain, created
a furor in Jewish circles. Michael Fidler, president of the Board of Deputies
of British Jews and a Conservative MP, threatened to bring it up in Par-
liament. "I am shocked," Fidler said, "that a firm of Mobil's standing
has succumbed to the boycott. It is most reprehensible, and I will ask
the government to make it clear that no British firms should be influenced
by threats of retaliation and boycott."
Fidler was reacting to a statement by a Mobil spokesman apologiz-
ing for "excessive zeal" in reminding ship chandlers of the Arab boycott
of Israel. Mobil tankers with Israeli products among their supplies faced
blacklisting and fines at Libyan and other Arab ports.
The letter also warned chandlers against supplying Mobil ships with
certain brands of Swedish matches and Trinidad beer because the trade
marks on the packages resembled the Star of David. The spokesman said,
"the word Jewish is the offending one. People had every reason to be
upset when they saw it (in the Mobil letter). It was stupid and ill-advised
. . . (but) we had an obligation to obey the law of Libya and to make
sure that oil supplies get to this country," he said.
Maurice Orbach, an MP who directs the Trade Advisory Council, made
up of Jewish businessmen, said that "the fact that the word 'Jewish' has
been deleted makes no difference. It is discrimination."
Five Labor MPs protested to the Race Relations Board. They are
Clinton Davis, Peter Archer, Dick Leonard, Ronald Murray and Orbach.
They claimed that the letter was a violation of the Race Relations Act.
Foreign Minister Abba Eban denied Wednesday that Is-
rael has rejected Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's proposal to reopen the Suez
Canal. He said that interpretation placed by Cairo on Premier Golda Meir's Knes-
set speech Tuesday was hasty and declared, "We hope that upon closer reflection
the Cairo government will take a more mature view."
Mrs. Meir told the Knesset that her government supports the reopening of the
waterway but insisted that the withdrawal of Israeli forces from its east bank, a
preconditioned demand by Sadat, could come about only in the context of a firm
peace settlement between Israel and Egypt.
Egypt's official spokesman, Munir Hafez, said in Cairo Tuesday night that Is-
raeli withdrawal was an essential condition without which the canal could not be
cleared and made safe for navigation. Hafez linked Israel navigation rights in the
canal to a solution of the Palestinian refugee problem.
Addressing foreign newsmen at a press conference, Eban listed three ways in
which the Egyptian government could help advance the situation toward peace.
First, he said, Egypt should abolish the 30-day deadline which it imposed on the
latest cease-fire extension" and which has been received with disappointment in-
ternationally. Secondly, Egypt should respond affirmatively to the proposals sub-
mitted by Israel through United Nations Mediator Gunnar V. Jarring. Thirdly,
Eban said. Egypt can cooperate in reopening the Suez Canal to all shipping, includ-
ing Israel's. "The ball is now in the Egyptian court but can be returned for fruit-
ful discussions," the Israeli foreign minister said.
Eban said that Israel objects to any big power discussion at this stage of fu-
ture border guarantees and has so informed the United States, although the latter
has agreed to participate in such discussions with the other major powers — Soviet
Union, Britain and France. Eban said that Washington has assured Israel that it
stands by and will defend Vie principle that big power guarantees are no sub-
stitute for a peace treaty. However, Eban said, the mere discussion of guarantees
before a peace treaty is achieved carried "psychological risks." He said Israel
feared that the Arab countries "might be tempted to regard this as an escape
route which would enable them to avoid concluding a peace with Israel."
Referring to the Suez Canal, Eban said the waterway had greater political than
economic importance for Israel. He said Egypt's refusal to allow its use by Israeli
shipping was "discrimination that is contagious." He said there was no legal basis
in international law to link Israel's use of the canal to a solution of the refugee
(Continued on Page 5)
$7,214,355 Pre-Camaign Gifts Set New High
Record for Solicitations in Allied Campaign
At the major pre-campaign rally, the black-tie dinner of the Allied Jewish Cam-
paign, held Tuesday at Cong Shaarey Zedek, Meyer Fishman, co-chairman of the
drive with Max M Shaye, announced that the more than 500 at the dinner boosted
the total pledged thus far to $7,214,355. This is the largest sum ever attained prior
to the formal opening of the drive, and it gave encouragement to the campaign workers
that the current needs will be met by more generous giving than has been recorded
Israel's chief delegate to the United Nations, Yosef Tekoah, addressed the gath-
ering, the scheduled speaker, Ambassador Itzhak Rabin, having been detained in
Washington on State Department consultations. A feature of the evening was the
appearance of four Kibutz Mar Ruppin members who, explaining a brief film of their
settlement's defensive position, told of the struggles they face from Arab attacks and
of the determined will of the kibutz members to survive against all odds. Jacob
"Czech" Noy, Mrs. Anna Korati, her daughter Rachel Korati and Uri Pesachoff spoke
briefly and related to fellow Jews in the United States the role of defenders of an Israeli
settlement play in a time of crisis.
In this photo of campaign leaders and Kibutz Kfar Ruppin guests, at
the dinner Tuesday are (from left), Uri Pesachoff; Paul Zuckerman, UJA
national chairman; Jacob "Czech" Noy; Meyer Fishman; Mrs. Anna Korati;
Rachel Korati; and Max M. Shaye.
In his description of the "crucial tests" that challenge Israel on the home front
and in the United Nations, and on the international arena during the Jarring negotia-
tions, Tekoah gave an account of the confrontation with Russia. He told also of his
experiences, while Israel ambassador to Russia, with Russian Jews, especially dose
in the province of Georgia, who are indicating a loyalty to Jewish traditions and to
the love for a redeemed Zion.
(Continued on Page 441
MARCH 27, 1992