An invitation is extended to the entire community to attend the
Tercentenary Music Festival, at 8:15 p.m. Wednesday, at Temple
Israel Auditorium, Manderson and Merton. Featured on the
program will be Detroit's major Jewish choral groups, under
the direction of Dan Frohman; the appearance of Marc Lavry,
Israel's leading composer and pianist; and solos by Emma Schaver
Detailed Story on Page 2
and Calitor J. H. Sonenklar,
Von Are Invited to March 30
Tercentenary Music Festival
THE JEWISH NEWS
Commentary, Page !
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE. 8-9364—Detroit 35, March 25, 1955
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Egypt's Aspirations Branded 'Blackmail'
Israel Rejects Attempted Negev
'Grab'; London Takes Cool View
Of Demand; 'Arrogance' Assailed
Discussions About Jews, Zionism
Revealed in the Yalta Documents
WASHINGTON, (JTA) —Jewish problems were discussed
among President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill and late Soviet Premier Stalin during the historic
Yalta conference.which took place in February, 1945.
President Roosevelt told Stalin that he was a Zionist and
asked if Stalin was one. Stalin replied that he was one in prin-
ciple but he recognized the difficulty. The exchange of these re-
marks was preceded by a statement by President Roosevelt telling
Stalin that he had three kings waiting forohim in the Near East,
including Ibn Saud.
.Stalin}.. saidAlkakrAbia Jewish problem was a very difficult
one, that they had tried to establish a national home for the
Jews in Birobidzhan but that they had only stayed there two
or three years and then scattered to the cities. He said the
Jews were natural traders but much had been accomplished by
putting small groups in some agricultural areas.
(The New York Times said it is not entirely clear from the
text as released why Stalin began talking about the Jewish
problem. "A line of asterisks preceding Stalin's statement
seems to raise the possibility that one of Stalin's high-level
colleagues may have initiated the discussion of Jews with a
statement that has been censored from the published text," the
During the same dinner-meeting—which took place on Feb.
10—President Roosevelt said that he recalled that there had been
an organization in the United States called the Ku Klux Klan
that had hated the Catholics and the Jews, and once when he
had been on a visit in a small town in the-South he had been
the guest of the president of the local Chamber of Commerce.
He had sat next to an Italian on one side and a Jew on the other
and had asked the president of the Chamber of Commerce whe-
ther they were members of the KU Klux Klan, to which the Pres-
ident had replied that they were, but that they were considered
all right since everyone in the community knew them.
(Continued on Page 3)
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM. — An Israel Foreign Ministry spokesman Tuesday labelled as "war
propaganda" a statement in Cairo Monday by the Egyptian propaganda minister that
Egypt would be willing to make a deal with the Western Powers in return for the
The Israel spokesman said that the statement by the Egyptian Minister for Na-
tional Guidance, Major Salah Salem, was "another device of Egypt's war propaganda
against Israel." It is "idle" to assume tha t Egypt can exact "blackmail" at the ex-
pense of Israel territory, he said, adding: "No part of Israel's territory is at the disposal
of anyone to serve as a quid pro quo for political or military arrangement of any kind
nor for any other purpose."
State Dept. Won't Comment, London Cool to Demand
WASHINGTON. — The State Department declined comment on a report from Cairo
revealing that Egypt demands that Israel cede the Negev to the Arabs as a prerequisite
to Egyptian cooperation with-the Western Powers against. Communism.
in London, the British Foreign Office t oak a cool view of the Egyptian proposal
and reaffirmed the tripartite declaration guaranteeing Israel's territory.
A spokesman for the Israel Embassy here said that the Egyptian demand "has
thrown light" on the underlying cause fortension between Egypt and Israel." An ar-
rogant and utterly lawless claim to the Negev which is more than half of the Israeli
territory is at the root of Egyptian policy and especially of the military harrassment
launched from Gaza," he said. "It should not be difficult to understand why Gaza
headquarters is so active in preventing peaceful Israeli life and development in the Negev."
"The Egyptians will of course not get the Negev. But the frank publication of their
expansionist design is most significant and disquieting," the Israel spokesman stated.
Israel 'Has Not Rejected' Proposal for Egypt-Jordan Negev Corridor
LONDON. — Although Major Salem's assertion that Egypt wants the Negev as
the price for its alignment with the West should not be taken as an official statement
of the Egyptian government, territorial changes of a more than local nature would "al-
most certainly" have to be considered in any Arab-Israel final settlement, the Times
of London declared Tuesday. In an article by its diplomatic correspondent, the Times
notes that in the past there has been some discussion of a corridor across the Negev to
link Egypt with Jordan.
In a dispatch from Jerusalem, the Times asserts that the Israel government has
considered and "has not rejected" a proposal to grant Egypt thoroughfare rights
through the Negev as part of a wider settlement. The dis-
patch added "it would be surprising if the Western powers
felt able to peratade Israel to make a bigger Negev con-
cession than this. It is assumed here," the Jerusalem dis-
patch continued, "that Major Salem made the statement in
the belief that the United Kingdom and the United States
were ready to accept the Egyptian claim to the whole of
the Southern Negev in return for a settlement with Israel
and willingness to cooperate in a Western regional defense
An exhibition of Early American Jewish Silver and Portraits selected from some of
Report Heavy Concentration of Egyptian Troops
lite finest collections in the country will be on view April 6 through May 1. at the
TEL AVIV. — The Israel press on Tuesday reported
Detroit Institute of Arts, to commemorate the American Jewish Tercentenary.
heavy concentrations of Egyptian troops pouring into the
This display of 18th and 19th century silhouettes, miniatures and oil and crayon
Gaza area. The reports from foreign sources said that the
portraits, and of important silver objects, is presented in cooperation with the Detroit
equivalent of two brigades of regular troops and a special
Committee of 300 for the American Jewish Tercentenary. A lecture by Miss Jane
volunteer commando unit had arrived in the Gaza strip.
Bortman and a reception on Tuesday evening, April 19, will highlight the observance.
These reports were viewed here against a background
Principal contributor to the exhibition is Mark Bortman of Boston, lending from
of almost daily reports from Israel settlements near the
his famed collectiqn of portraits and silver. Among the items loaned by Mr. Bortman
border which speak of endless convoys of military trucks
will be a large grOup of silver by Myer Myers, leading 18th century New York silver-
filled with Egyptian troops moving north from Rafah. It
smith, and 21 silhouettes by the celebrated early 19th century French artist, August
was also learned that an. Egyptian battalion trained by
Edouart, oil portraits of Revolutionary War patriot Jonas Phillips and of his grandson,
former Nazi officers is among those now stationed in the
Benjamin Phillips Levy; crayon portraits by St. Memin of Mrs. Samson Levy, Sr., and
her son, Samson Levy, Jr„ and a miniature of Rachel Gratz by Edward Malbone.
Finally, it was reported Tuesday that the Egyptians
Other items will be lent by the American Jewish Historical Society and Other
are planning the construction of a radar station along the
sources. Of particular' interest locally will be a fine repousse silver bowl by Myer Myers,
border strip. The post and its equipment would be put
lent by Mr. and MTh. Lawrence A. Fleischman; a silver salver made by Halsted and
together from stores left in the Suez Canal Zone when the
Myers, lent by the Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, and several pieces from the col-
British army withdrew.
lection of the Detroit Institute of Arts—a self portrait by Frtderick E. Cohen, who
worked in Detroit in the mid-19th century, an early Gilbert Stuart portrait of Mrs.
Aaron Lopez and son Joshua, and a silver cream pitcher by Myer Myers.
Powers with Discrimination
The Bortman and Meyers items are detailed on Page 5 of this issue.
NEW YORK — Discrimination by the Western Powers
The exhibition is being arranged by Curator Francis W. Robinson in cooperation
against Israel in defense arrangements for the Middle East
with Philip Slomovitz, chairman of the Detroit committee, and Charles E. Feinberg,
were assailed by Dr. Nahum Goldmann, Jewish Agency
Detroit chairman of Tercentenary exhibitions,
Continued on Pug* 2.1
Exhibition of Early American Jewish Silver,
Portraits, at Art Institute, April 6-May 1
To Commemorate U. S. Jewish Tercentenary
MARCH 27, 1992