HE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
Column on Page 2
VOLUME 15—No. 23
r- c)i -r
Column on Page 2
f Jewish Events
21 14 Penobscot Bldg.— Phone WO. 5-1155 Detroit, Michigan, August 19, 1949
Myth of the
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Ben-Gurion's Strategy to Stop
Refugees Defy Gestapo, Fight Arab Threat
Nazis, Protest Anti-Semitism
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
blueprint of the government's compul-
sory military service was sketched for the Knesset Tuesday
by Premier David Ben-Gurion in his announcement that
Israeli army, navy and air force officers will be sent abroad
to receive training in military academies of various eastern
and western nations. He revealed that thus far a number
of governments have agreed to extend invitations to their
military academies for a limited number of Israeli officers.
In the outline of the future of the Israel army, Ben-Gurion
declared that the armed forces would be distinguished by
four basic characteristics :
1. A permanent land, sea and air force of limited pro-
portions. Its personnel will be volunteers attracted by pay
and other work conditions that would be equal to those pre-
vailing elsewhere in government service.
2. A body of recruits who will join as soon as they
reach the age of 18, and new immigrants up to the age of 26.
Trainees will receive both military and agricultural training.
3. A reserve force composed of all persons who have
seen active service in the army, to be subject to short annual
periods of active service.
A German police car burns in the Jewish quarter in Munich atter it was seized,
taken there and set afire by Jewish displaced persons who protested against an anti-Semitic
letter in the Sued-Deutsche Zeitung (German South News) which expressed regret that
the Nazis had not gassed all Jews. The Jewish refugees retaliated against the German
police who tried to turn the protesting delegation out of the offices of the German news-
paper and after one of the policemen shot four Jews.
MUNICH — (JTA) — Several hundred dis-
placed Jews clashed here in hand-to-hand
sighting with about 50 German policemen
when the latter tried to break up a protest
demonstration against a German newspaper
which published a letter expressing regret
that the Nazis had not gassed all the Jews.
American military police were cheered by
the demonstrators when they arrived on the
scene. • When the German police were with-
drawn, an American officer addressed the
demonstrators in Yiddish, the German news
agency D.P.D. reported. Declaring that he was
not speaking as an American officer, but as
a Jew, he said the demonstration had shown
once again that the Jews were not willing to
allow themselves to be insulted.
Germans Urged to Remain True to Hitler;
Three Foreign Jews Seriously Wounded
A statement issued by the Jewish Central
Committee said that the German police acted
"ruthlessly and according to Gestapo meth-
ods." The statement reported that three For-
eign Jews are among those shot, and seriously
wounded, by the German policemen.
The anti-Jewish letter which provoked
the demonstration appeared in the Sued-
Deutsche Zeitung, a daily newspaper called by
the displaced Jews the "Stuermen of 1949"—
referring to the violently anti-Semitic paper
Der Stuermer published by Julius Streicher,
top Nazi Jew-baiter under the Hitler regime.
The letter was published under the title, "The
Jewish Question—a Test Case," and was sign-
ed "Adolf Bleibtreu" which means "remain
true to Adolf."
The letter urged Jews to go to the United
States, but added that they were not wanted
there either. "They already have enough of
these bloodsuckers in America," the writer of
the letter said. Declaring that he works in an
American Military Government office in Ger-
many, the author of the letter stated:
"I work for the Americans, and they say
they can forgive us everything except that we
did not gas all the Jews who are now bringing
`blessings' to America. I am doing all that I
can to clear the Americans' minds for them.
I belong to those known as the 'silent ones'
and our rumor propaganda is worth more
than a hundred newspapers. At the right
time you will hear more from me."
The American Military Governor in
Bavaria, former governor of Michigan, Mur-
ray Van Wagoner, described anti-Semites
in Germany as "depraved" and "carrion-
like." He said that the anti-Semitic
letter published in the Sued-Deutsche Zei-
tung here libeled the whole German peole.
Leaders of the Central Jewish Committee
conferred with Maj. Abraham Hyman, deputy
adviser on Jewish affairs to the American
Military Government. The Jewish representa-
tives proposed that American military police
should in the future deal with disturbances
involving displaced Jews.
"We would rather be clubbed on the head
by American military policemen than be
kissed on the cheek by German policemen,"
says a statement of- the Jewish Committee.
In his condemnation of the anti-Semitic
letter, Gov. Wagoner said in part: "The
world is critically watching events in Ger-
many and will be quick in fastening its at-
tention on any indication pointing to a
resurrection of anti-Semitism. The men be-
hind it all over the world form only a mi-
nority which • can be rendered harmless by
the force of reason and decency, and kept
in the gutter which is their proper place."
The Jewish Central Committee here started
legal proceedings against the German news-
The Committee made public a resolution
which emphasized that no Jew in-
tends to remain in Gerniany. "We do not
want to stay on this soil stained with Jewish
blood," the resolution says. "We have our own
country now. As long as we are forced to re-
main here, we will use all our strength to
fight any attempt at anti-Jewish provoca-
U. S, Military Government Investigating
Munich Riot, High Commissioner Says
WASHINGTON — (JTA) — John J. McCloy,
American High Commissioner-designate for
Germany, indicated that he would investigate
the riot in Munich. He termed the affair "de-
plorable" and said that Murray Van Wagoner,
director of the U. S. Military Government in
Bavaria, was already looking into the inci-
Mr. McCloy was asked at a State Depart-
ment press conference about the rebirth of
German nationalism and replied that signs
of such nationalism were "not altogether un-
healthy." He admitted that former Nazis are
permitted to take active parts in the political
and industrial life of Germany.
"We have arrived at the stage where the
less cirulent Nazis are allowed to come back,"
he admitted. He explained that he felt that
this was better than keeping "a corps of peo-
ple totally and completey ostracized from the
community." He said it is too early to tell if
German nationalism is "natural or sinister."
However, he added that the attitude has not
changed towards actual war criminals.
4. Specially fortified frontier settlements whose resi-
dents will be soldiers—farmers. The settlements are expect-
ed to withstand the first shock of an invasion and hold off
the enemy until regular army units arrive.
Ben-Gurion stated that the aim of the bill is to train
the entire population to be ready for action in the event of
an emergency. Stating that no other nation desiring peace
is faced with such lack of security as Israel, he pointed out
that until war is outlawed in the world Israel will remain
confronted by the threat of renewed attacks and invasion.
He said that Israel is a small nation and even with the ex-
tension of immigration will remain a minority in an "Arab
ocean," Stating that the "laws of nature" are that defeated
countries do not forget their rout and seek opportunities
for vengeance, the Prime Minister declared that Arab states
are unstable and Arab masses do not influence political life
in those countries, but stressed that any weakness in Israel
is liable to awaken "dormant tendencies toward revenge."
Expressing the view that factors which made for vic-
tory in recent hostilities would still hold for Israel in any
future conflict, he warned that the Arabs' future battle
potential would appear differently than it does today and
that "it is our duty to be prepared." He told Parliament that
security of the states does not depend on the army alone,
that other factors include the rapid extension of- immigra-
tion, that distribution and settlement of the population on
the land and that for this reason immigration must proceed
regardless of economic considerations. He pointed out that
the one element that must not be overlooked in the security
situation is the development of a "peace loving foreign
policy" and the "prevention of war-mongering intrigues."
Herzl's Remains Saluted
By Israeli Air Squadron
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
HAIFA.—The Israeli plane bearing the remains of Dr.
Theodor Herzl and his family, which was intercepted and ac-
companied to the Jewish State's frontiers by a squadron of Israeli
fighters, circled this city three times on Tuesday as heavy artillery
fired salvos, vessels in Haifa Harbor blew their whistles and the
entire population of the city stood at attention in respect to the
memory of the founder of the Zionist movement.
Shorly thereafter, the craft landed at the Lydda airport
where Premier David Ben-Gurion, members of the Cabinet and
the Knesset and high-ranking army officials and other prominent
leaders waited to greet the plane. The casket containing Dr.
Herzl's remains then was transferred to a beflagged Israeli army
lorry which led the cortege to Tel Aviv. The coffins were placed
on a special platform in Knesset square in mid-afternoon. A
guard of honor of army auci police officers was stationed near
The coffins were brought to Jerusalem for reburial on Wed-
nesday and all original plans for the re-interment ceremony were
carried out as planned.
(Additional facts about Herzl's reburial on Page 3)
MARCH 27, 1992