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March 22, 1991 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1991-03-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH NEWS

SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS

SERVING DETROIT'S JEWISH COMMUNITY

CLOSE-UP

MARCH 22, 1991 / 7 NISAN 5751

Diplomatic Overtures
Have A Very Familiar Ring

SUSAN GRANT

Staff Writer

A

COMING
FULL
CIRCLE

Once the bastion of immigrants
and socialism, the Workmen's Circle
is reaching out
to new, young members.

PAGE 24

cease-fire has ended
the hostilities in the
Middle East. Sudden-
ly, there is a flurry of diplo-
matic activity in the region
as the United States attemp-
ts to find a solution to the
Arab-Israeli conflict.
Sounds like a rehash of re-
cent newspaper headlines?
Actually, it could just as eas-
ily apply to world events
after the Six-Day War in
June 1967, the Yom Kippur
War in October 1973 or the
Lebanon War in the summer
of 1982.
This time U.S. Secretary of
State James A. Baker made
the diplomatic rounds in the
Middle East. But it's an old
scenario played out by the
United States. Only the
names have changed, not the
results.
In 1967, shortly after
Israel gained possession of
the Old City of Jerusalem,
Sinai, the West Bank and
the Gaza Strip, American of-
ficials presented a Middle
East peace plan to the
United Nations. It called for
Israel to withdraw its troops
to pre-war boundaries, but
only if other conditions in
the plan were met including
Arab recognition of Israel.
The plan also stated polit-
ical independence and ter-
ritorial integrity in the re-
gion must remain intact,
called for justice for the
thousands of refugees
uprooted by war, and safe
passage for all through the
Suez Canal.
In the fall of 1967, after
much discussion, the United
Nations approved a similar
resolution — No. 242 — for a
lasting peace in the Middle
East.
While the issue involving
the Suez Canal was settled
that fall, Israeli leaders
refused to give up the ter-
ritories, including Jerusalem
which was annexed during
the summer. Foreign Minis-
ter Abba Eban announced
Israel would stand firm
on the cease-fire until it
was replaced by treaties
which ensured the security
of all Middle Eastern states.
Although the United States
remained committed to

President Reagan and Prime Minister Begin at the White House in 1981

making Jerusalem an inter-
national city, not the Israeli
capital, it did support the
Israeli stance not to give up
territory until Arab nations
recognized Israel's right to
exist.

When Arab nations at-
tacked Israel on Oct. 6,1973,
the United States again took
an active role. Because
Israel had suffered a dev-

astating blow in the first
days of the war, the U.S.
Congress reacted with a
military aid grant worth up
to $2.2 billion. The resupply
airlift that followed helped
Israeli troops to fight to
within artillery range of
Damascus and within 50
miles of Cairo.
On the diplomatic front,

Continued on Page 20

Priest Predicts
Mending Of Ties

AMY J. MEHLER

Staff Writer

atholic-Jewish rela-
tions in contemporary
Poland are on the
mend, a visiting Polish
priest told a Detroit au-
dience this week. But that
won't change how Harold
Zuker feels about his native
countrymen.
He wouldn't return to
Poland even if the govern-
ment gave him back all the
property his family, owners
of a men's clothing factory in
Radom, left behind.
Vern Allen, a Catholic
high school teacher who at-
tended Tuesday night's lec-
ture, said he saw "Kill the
Jews" sprayed in Polish on a
prominent wall in downtown
Krakow last summer. He
was part of a group that
traveled to Poland with the
Holocaust Memorial Center.
Mr. Allen said when one of

the men on the trip revisited
the house he had grown up
in, he was told by the cur-
rent occupants that they
were sorry that more Jews
weren't killed.
"Once an anti-Semite,
always an anti-Semite," said
Mr. Zuker, 69, of Oak Park,
who overheard the
exchange.
Stories like Mr. Allen's
and attitudes like Mr.
Zuker's, a survivor of the
Warsaw Ghetto and three
German concentration
camps, are not uncommon.
They're one of the reasons
that the Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith and
the American Jewish Com-
mittee brought together
Rev. Stanislaw Musial,
deputy editor of a Polish
Catholic weekly, and Rabbi
Leon Klenicki, director of
the ADL's Department of
Interfaith Affairs

Continued on Page 21

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