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November 23, 1990 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1990-11-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I DETROIT I

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Iraq Invasion Kills Peace
Movement, Prof Says

MELANIE KOFF

Special to The Jewish News

I

raq's invasion of Kuwait
has killed all hopes of a
peace movement in the
Middle East, said Raymond
Tanter, a University of
Michigan professor in the
political science department.
"The movement needed a
moderate Palestinian group
as a partner for negotiations,"
Mr. Tanter said. "Iraq invad-
ed Kuwait and polarized the
Arab world. The Palestinians
and the PLO aligned
themselves with Iraq."
From 1981-82, Mr. Tanter
served as a senior staff
member of the National
Security Council. Now he
teaches a course at U-M en-
titled "The Arab-Israeli Con-
flict."
American-Israel Public Af-
fairs Committee Caucus of
Washtenaw County and U-M
student group, IMPAC, hosted
a panel discussion at Hillel in
Ann Arbor to discuss Israel's
political, military and
strategic situation in the Per-
sian Gulf.
Mr. Tanter said President
George Bush made a pro-
found error, by hinting that
Israel might pull out of ter-
ritories, such as the Gaza
Strip, as part of a settlement
with Sadaam Hussein.

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"We would be rewarding
Hussein for invading
Kuwait," he said.
Mr. Bush sent a signal to
Mr. Hussein that American
troops are ready to take the
offensive when he sent
150,000 additional air, sea
and land troops to the Persian
Gulf, Mr. Tanter said.
Mr. Tanter said he believes
Mr. Bush will follow a path to
coerce Iraqi troops to pull out,
rather than seeking a
military solution.
Yoram Ettinger, minister
for congressional affiars of the
Israel Embassy, said the
Arabs have been largely effec-
tive in linking their issues to
Israeli policy. "Would Hus-
sein have invaded Kuwait if
Israel is not in the Middle
East?," he asked.
He said in 1967, Israel was
supposed to be another
Kuwait, but Israel was strong
enough to defy a takeover
attempt.

Charles Perkins, senior
military analyst for AIPAC,
said U.S. military aid to Israel
has remained constant since
1986, but when adjusted for
inflation, the value of the aid
has declined by 25 percent.

Raymond Tanter:
Signal from Bush.

Mr. Perkins said this de-
crease has cut into the
military edge Israel has in
the Middle East. Since 1973,
the Arab countries have spent
over $170 billion purchasing
weapons, while Israel spent
$13 billion.
Mr. Perkins said the U.S.
has pledged to uphold Israel's
military advantages, but the
U.S. is instead adding to
Israel's future security
concerns.
Mr. Tanter agreed. He said
a sophisticated weapons
system, a surface-to-air
missile called the Hawk, was
sold to Kuwait by the U.S. and
is now in the hands of the
Iraqi military. "The U.S.
doesn't have a defense against
the Hawk system," Mr. Tanter
said.
The United States sold a
less sophisticated version of
the Hawk missile to Jordan,
and Jordan is now training
Iraq how to use the Hawk
missiles.
Mr. Tanter said U.S. sales of
sophisticated weapons and
aircrafts, such as the F-15,
should go only to states that
have entered the peace pro-
cess with Israel, such as
Egypt.
The sophisticated weapons
being sold to Saudi Arabia
could easily fall into Iraq's
hands, Mr. Perkins said.
"Israel has to obtain addi-
tional military assistance
from the U.S. to counter the
billions of dollars in new arms
flowing into Saudi Arabia."
He said Israel has been
complying with a U.S. request
to maintain a low profile.
"I don't think Israel will
become involved in the Gulf
crisis," Mr. Perkins said.
Continued on Page 20

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