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September 21, 1990 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1990-09-21

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Editor Emeritus


nxieties of a global
nature pave the road
of the new year 5751.
The trials and tribulations
that concern all mankind
multiply for Jewry in its need
to combat anti-Semitism.
Bigotries on university
campuses, like those that oc-
curred at the University of
Wisconsin, and desecrations
of synagogues and cemeteries
in several states, keep us
alerted to the serious aspects
of our concerns as Jews.
While we treat with disdain
the fomenters of in-
humanities — many of the
hatreds being heaped upon us
as Jews — we now have occa-
sion to rejoice in the realiza-
tion of a great and very
spiritual ideal in our historic
legacies. It is the Kibbutz
Galuyyot P the Ingathering of
the Exiles. The successful
Operation Exodus, with tens
of thousands arriving in
Israel as an end to their
spiritual and moral enslave-
ment, signals to the world the
triumph of a great effort
under difficult conditions.
Reduction in obstacles to
Operation Exodus adds
momentum to the in-
Russian Jewry found its
voice; American Jewry went
to its aid and massive migra-
tion is on the agenda.
Progress in Operation Ex-
odus is dramatically recorded
in a report on its results

Ingathering Unlimited

described in the New York
Times cable from Jerusalem
by its correspondent, Joel
Brinkley. His report gave ac-
count of these increases in the
Russian Jewish emigration,
despite the attempts by Arab
enemies of Israel to prevent or
undermine the Jewish tasks.
As Brinkley reports:
Even as the threat of war
hangs over the region,
17,494 Soviet Jews moved
to Israel from the Soviet
Union in August, a 14 per-
cent increase over the total

They cannot
negate the
spiritually inspired
ideal imbedded in
the Ingathering of

in July. With more than
1,300 immigrants arriving
from other places, last
month's immigration total
was Israel's highest in 39
Nearly 83,000 Soviet Jews
have moved here so far this
year, as have more than
10,000 immigrants from
other places. Immigration
this year is already higher
than any yearly total since
1951, when 175,129 people,
most of them from Europe,
arrived in the surge of im-

migration that followed
Israel's founding in 1948.

Despite predictions here
to the contrary, the Persian
Gulf crises seemed to have
little if any affect on the im-
migrants' plans. Through
the month, many Soviet
Jews interviewed in Israel
and in the Soviet Union
said they were more con-
cerned about the growing
anti-Semitism at home
than about the prospect of
conflict in Israel.
The increasing emigration,
the gradual trend toward
migrating to Israel from 1971
to the present are indications
of the defiance to the Arab
threats to obstruct the New
Exodus. In nearly every Arab
center everywhere, including
Arab quarters in Dearborn,
Mich., the results are truly
impressive. The figures for
the years 1986 to the present
alone are seen in the accom-
panying chart.
Such is the response to the
enemies of Israel and their
prejudiced adherents who
believe that propagating
against admission of Jews as
settlers would thereby con-
tribute toward Israel's
destruction. They cannot
negate the spiritually in-
spired ideal imbedded in the
Ingathering of the Exiles.
This is a most fascinating
ideal assuring our people-
hood. The inspiration of it is

Soviet Immigration to Israel

Nu m ber of Immigrants

Operation Exodus












detailed in a remarkable
essay in the New En-
cyclopedia of Judaism. Here
is text eminently worth lear-
ning from:
Prophetic concept ex-
pressed in the Pentateuch
(Deut. 30:3-5) as the
"gathering together" of
Israel's scattered rem-
nants, and their restora-
tion to prosperity in the
ancestral homeland, by an
act of Divine intervention.
From the era of the Babylo-
than exile (sixth century
BCE), this concept was
developed and intensified,
equating exile (galut) with
homelessness and the
Land of Israel with
spiritual as well as



(through March)

physical restoration. Pro-
phetic literature is imbued
with such hopes and
beliefs, which also make
their appearance in Jewish
According to Isaiah, the
banished captives of Israel
and the dispersed exiles of
Judah will be assembled
"from the four corners of
the earth" (11:11-12; cf.
43:5-6, 56:7-8). Jeremiah
likewise foretells this pro-
cess of national restoration
(16:14-15, 23:7-8), when the
exiles will be gathered
from all their lands of
banishment (29:14, 31:8ff.,
32:37). He even calls upon
"Rachel" to cease weeping
Continued on Page 44

Anatomy Of Hate Leaves One Deaf To Reason


epresentatives of
many nations re-
sponded to the need to
participate in the Anatomy of
Hate conference held in Oslo,
Norway, with the aim of
eradicating as much as possi-
ble the hatreds that plague
The conference was inspired
by the Elie Wiesel Founda-
tion for the Humanities

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Vol. XCVIII No. 4 September 21, 1990



always had strongest support
from Jews — a fact he had
always acknowledged — then
erupted with a type of hatred
the conference was assembled
to eradicate. Mr. Mandela
said in his address in Oslo:

together with the Norwegian
Nobel Peace Committee. Dr.
Carol Rittner, the former
Detroiter and admired
Catholic scholar who has
organized ecumenist
movements, had a leading
part in the formative stages
for the sessions as the ex-
ecutive director of the Wiesel
The South African battler
for justice, Nelson Mandela,
was encouraged to participate
in the Anatomy of Hate ses-
sions by Dr. Wiesel, who was
anxious for a comment by
him on the shocking UN
Zionism is racism resolution.
It would be wrong to accuse
Mr. Mandela of anti-Semitism
when he commenced his ad-
dress in Oslo with the

Nelson Mandela

If Zionism, as I believe,
means the struggle by the
Jewish people for their na-
tional home, for their own
state within secure
borders, then Zionism is a

very commendable move-
ment, which we all would
like to support.
But the South African
fighter for freedom, who

If Zionism means the
right of the Jewish state to
retain the territories,
which they have con-
quered from others, to
refuse to deal with the
acknowledged leaders of
the Palestinians, in par-
ticular with the PLO; if the
Jewish state has decided
not to allow the Arabs in
the conquered terriories to
exercise the right of self-
determination; if protest
demonstrations by the
youth of the Arabs are met
with brutal oppression,
then of course we condemn
Zionism in the strongest
During his visit in this
country, Jewish leaders met
with Mr. Mandela in an at-

tempt to clarify the issues on
which he expressed such
hostile views. In Oslo he
emerged as an enemy of
Israel and the Jewish people.
Is it possible that the very ti-
tle of the sessions at which he
was treted as a respected par-
ticipant had no affect upon
his prejudices?
The human challenges that
emerged in Oslo teach that
there is no end to the need to
strive for an eradication of the
hatred that called for the ac-
tion of the Wiesel Foundation
for the humanities together
with the Norwegian Nobel
Committee to anatomize
hatred. Mr. Mandela justifies
himself as the type of leader
who suffers from hatred and
seeks to end it yet feels free
to propagate it against Jews.
The positive responsibilities
for humanism and
ecumenism remain endless.
Mr. Mandela denigrates his
own character by causing his
anti-Zionism to be treated as

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