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July 20, 1990 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1990-07-20

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An Excessive Miracle?

If there if such a thing as a miracle that is
too good, it may be the current exodus of Jews
from the Soviet Union. The original projec-
tion of Jews leaving the USSR this year was
about 70,000. It now appears that more than
double that number — about 150,000 — will
travel westward. The vast majority of them
will go to Israel.
This is cause for elation. But the unex-
pected flood of Soviet Jews has also created
enormous problems both in Israel and the
United States.
In Israel, some realtors are evicting Israelis
from apartments, then doubling rents. Soviet
Jews, armed with their stipends from the
Israeli government, are expected to pay these
inflated rents. Evicted Israelis are irate.
Some live in tent cities. (See our Israel Cor-
respondent Ze'ev Chafets's report, Page 33).
Others have already left the country, con-
vinced that Israel wants the Soviets more
than it wants its own native-born. The situa-
tion is heightening the deep grudges that
some Israelis already bear against Soviet
Jews, who will compete with them for jobs
and will cost Israel billions in tax dollars.
Meanwhile, the unexpected torrent of
emigres means that Operation Exodus, the
fund-raising effort to aid Soviet Jews settling

in Israel, has a $110 million shortfall. Jewish
federations around the country that or-
chestrated Operation Exodus are reluctant to
approach their respective communities for
more contributions because they had billed
Operation Exodus as a one-year-only
emergency campaign. The organizations fear
that to again solicit for Soviet immigrants
would strain, if not undermine, their
To acquire the necessary funds, national
Jewish relief organizations may take out
short-term loans and local federations may
borrow from their unrestricted funds.
It is important that federations level with
their communities about the ever-spiraling
need. Operation Exodus has been a success
story, with $313 million raised, including $17
million in Detroit. The only failure has been
in projections, and who could anticipate that
so many Jews would be allowed to leave a
country that was so inhospitable to them for
so long?
Detroit has been in the forefront, both in
the fund-raising effort and in explaining to
its contributors why even more is needed. But
the effort must continue on both fronts if the
rescue effort for Soviet Jewry is to be a

Matinee Performance

The latest black-Jewish tiff swirls over
alleged Jewish ownership of the major
Hollywood movie studios and blacks' percep-
tions of discrimination in the entertainment
Public disagreements between blacks and
Jews typify last week's remarks coming from
workshops at the convention of the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored
People. Statements by a few are picked up by
others, are sometimes amplified for personal
motives, are built into a cause celebre and
generally are beyond the everyday lives of
the vast majority of blacks and Jews.
Yet these incidents help poison the at-
mosphere. Louis Farrakhan, Jesse Jackson,
the Hollywood allegations serve to sour the
already-skimpy formal relationships between

black and Jewish organizations.
In reality, blacks and Jews, as separate
communities, have been drifting apart since
the 1950s and 1960s when the two groups
worked together in a common struggle to
enhance civil rights. Passage of the 1964
Civil Rights Act in Congress has become a
major turning point in the relationship bet-
ween blacks and Jews. Since that victory, the
two groups have been fighting separately,
and at times with each other, as black goals
and Jewish goals have diverged.
The black-Jewish coalition will not be
rebuilt unless a common problem threatens
both communities. Until that happens,
blacks and Jews appear to be going their
separate ways and minor incidents will be
portrayed as major problems.


Soviet Jewish Emigrant
Addresses Country's Anti-Semitism


Special to The Jewish News


nti-Semitism in the
Soviet Union has
taken a more and
more threatening form in re-
cent times and is causing
more and more alarm. The
following is a text of a leaflet

Evgeni Lein is a Soviet
Jewish mathematician now
residing in Israel.


FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1990

which was passed out on June
29, 1989, in the large Concert
Hall of the Olympic Village
in Moscow.
"Screaming and insolent
people from the tribes of the
Jewish people, you will be
taken to answer simple and
concise questions about your
Jewishness, from now going
back ten generations, to find
any small trace of Jewish
blood, and this information
will be verified and

thoroughly checked according
to lists which we are current-
ly preparing. We intend to
catch all those cunning ones
among you whose names
seem to be pure Russian, in-
cluding those Russian in-
tellectuals who corroborate
with the Jews, such as
Rosomovsky, Zaikov, Baranov,
Baklanov, Sakharov . . . and
millions of other reptiles like
Nogelman who hide them-
selves behind the names of

A SuiT or


9efe Diet

gaud ru5ter
_ Farm,
e Die



superior races. You will fail in
your attempts to pass your
guilt on to Stalin and others.
"You degenerate race, do
you seriously believe that you
can count on the support of
the Zionist center of the
United States, and they will
help you to survive?
"All nationalities of the
world are preparing to get rid
of the Jewish race. They will
succeed in what Hitler failed
to do, and Pharoah in Egypt,
the Roman Emperor, Tito,
Kings of France and Spain
and other Tsars or leaders, or
the Fuehrer himself. We will
exterminate you, like flocks of
sheep and none of your
Jewish money can save your
race. Other nationalities pa-
tiently tolerated you for many
generations but now unders-
tand who is the enemy of all
worthy and decent people.
You hope that the bad
economic situation in the
USSR will push people of the
Soviet Union towards Ar-
mand Hammer and other
members of the Zionist Club
of the United States. Because
of the vile and terrible events
you have caused the Soviet
Union, including Chernobyl,
you will pay with your lives."
One year later you can see
evidence of the same insults
aimed at Jews throughout the
whole of the Soviet Union,
not just in Moscow.
And it is not only verbal
abuse; there are hundreds of
cases of anti-Semitic "ac-
cidents" happening in the
streets. Groups from the anti-
Semitic society, Pamyat,
gather near the entrances to
subway stations and hurl in-
sults at Jews, verbally and
physically, and it is impossi-
ble to resist because the
Soviet militia takes the side
of Pamyat members.
Members of Pamyat and other
anti-Semitic groups receive
support from the Soviet
authorities and their actions
against Jews are taking more
and more threatening forms.

On September 5, 1989, a
group of Russian intelligent-
sia, poets Bulat Oku-
java, Andreij Wosnicensky
and others, applied to Presi-
dent Mikhail Gorbachev.
They wrote in part:

". . . Stormy and growing ac-
tivity of fascist, monarchic
groups are pushing out from
the Soviet Union, Jews who
have Russian culture in their
veins from childhood, who do
much for mother Russia, for
Russian culture, science, etc.
and we must pay attention
that our fascist, monarchic
groups join with the Jews,
those who are half-Jewish, or
who have quarter-Jewish
blood, or even have just a
trace of Jewish blood, or who
are married to a Jew, or who
were once married to a Jew.
Meetings of Pamyat in
Moscow in Pushkin Square
are dreadful. On their posters
and clothes are the words:
`Expel the Jewish Nazi oc-
cupation!' Expel 0.69 per-
cent of the dominant in-
fluence of the population!' Is
it possible to imagine that in
the Center of Moscow, such
degrading insults can be
made in such an outrageous
and offensive way to the na-
tional self-respect and digni-
ty of the Yakut people or
Byelorussians or Ukrainians
or Georgians, without any
risk of punishment? Such
slogans in a multi-national
country can wield the power
of bombs.
"Activity of monarchic
fascists will give the result
that our country will lose
about 5-6 million well-trained
scientists, engineers, doctors
and artists. History has
already taught the lesson in
fascist Germany; it is easy to
make sure who failed because
he pushed out non-pure racial
elements, such as Einstein, or
the Italian, Fermi who was
married to a Jewess, and who
benefitted by emigrating. The
Continued on Page 10

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