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June 30, 1989 - Image 60

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1989-06-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Hava Nedaber

Each month in this space,
L'Chayim will present a Hebrew
lesson entitled, "Hava Nedaber
Ivrit!" (Let's Speak Hebrew), whose
aim is to encourage further study of
Hebrew. The lesson will include a
brief story utilizing the Hebrew
words to be studied, a vocabulary
list with English translations and a
family activity which involves using
the new words. The lessons are
prepared by Nira Lev, associate
professor of Hebrew language and
literature at the Midrasha College of
Jewish Studies. Mrs. Lev also
teaches Hebrew language and
literature at the Community Jewish
High School at the United Hebrew
Schools.
Following is this month's
lesson:
Until recently, shem ha'eer
Yavne has probably not been familiar

Introducing Yavne

to you and to other Americans.
Detroiters familiarized themselves
with Yavne when it became Detroit's
Eer Te'oma in Proyect Sheekum
Hash'choonot. In Israel, however,
although Yavne is not one of the
major arim in the medinah, it is
well known because of its history.
Yavne eer chashuva in our
history. Its closeness to Hayam
Ha'teechon and its makom
merkazee in the country, made
Yavne in the olden days a
commercial eer namal and an
important tsomet drachim to
Jerusalem and to other arim. After
Churban Beit Hamikdash, Yavne
became the most important merkaz
ruchanee in Eretz Yisrael. It was in
Yavne that the Sanhedrin sat and
where Rabbi Yohanan Ben Zakkai
keebel reshut from the Romans to
establish a yeshivah, an academy

Yavne — Facts And Figures

Location

• Yavne is located 15 miles south of Tel Aviv, 40 miles northwest of
Jerusalem and nine miles from Israel's largest port, Ashdad. This area,
with Tel Aviv at its hub, is the major industrial and commercial district of
the country.

Population

• Since the middle of the First Century, Yavne had been a small
village. Arabs abandoned it in the 1948 War of Independence, after
which 1,400 Jewish immigrants from North Africa and Bulgaria were
settled there. By 1967, the town had grown to about 9,000, but for the
next seven years experienced little growth.
• In 1983, Yavne's population was 14,000. Today, it has more than
22,000 residents. The rapid growth is the result of a master plan which
encouraged 600 families of the regular Israel Defense Forces and 400
civilian families to move into the new "villa" neighborhood of Neve Ilan.
• Eleven percent of Yavne's population lives in Neot Shazar. Plans
to expand the "Build your Own Home" program in the neighborhood will
increase its population an additional 14 percent.
• Neot Shazar's resident population is similar in makeup to that of
most Project Renewal neighborhoods: 30 percent are under age 14, 44
percent are under age 19, the number of families with more than six
members is 2 1 /2 times the national average, 9 percent are Israeli born,
35 percent are of Asian origin and 46 percent are of European/American
extraction.

for the study of Jewish law and a
belt din that became the principal
beit mishpat and political entity for
all of the Yehudim in the Roman
Empire.
While the Sanhedrin sat in
Yavne, Ha'luach Ha'ivree was
regulated, setting zmanim and
ta'arichim of all the chagim;
Ha'Tanach was canonized and
translated into Greek, and the
Dikduk Ivree was established.
In the last 15 years, Yavne has
become almost a "ness" in its fast,
unusual hitpatchut. Until the year
1972, Yavne was an ayara ktana, a
poor ayarat peetuach with lot of
problems. In 1973, after Milchemet
Yom Hakipurim, a different political
party came to power and a new
dynamic manhigut started many
plans and activities that brought
about a dramatic change in Yavne.
The population grew and
changed, and Yavne became

m'kom m'gurim m'vukash,

boasting an excellent educational
system and a high quality of life.

Meelon (Vocabulary)

shem ha'eer ...the name of the city
eer te'oma a twin city
Proyect Sheekum

Hash'choonot.. . . Project Renewal
cities
arim
country
medinah
an important city
eer chashuva
Hayam
Ha'teechon ....the Mediterranean
makom merkazee ...a central place
a port city
eer namal
an intersection
tsomet drachim
Churban Beit Hamikdash
...the destruction of The Temple
merkaz ruchanee ..a spiritual center
Eretz Yisrael the land of Israel
keebel reshut .. received permission
a court
beit din
a court
beit mishpat
Jews
Yehudim
Ha'luach
.the Hebrew calendar
Ha'ivree
times
zmanim
dates
ta'arichim
holidays
chagim
the Bible
Ha'tanach
Hebrew grammar
Dikduk Ivree
ness
a miracle
hitpatchut
development
ayara ktana
a small town
ayarat
peetuach ....a development town
Milchemet Yom
Hakipurim ...the Yom Kippur War
manhigut leadership
m'kom m'gurim
m'vukash . a desirable place to live

Helicopter In 'Rouble

Employment and Commerce

• More than 6,000 workers are employed in Yavne.
• There are more than 30 factories: Argaman Textiles, producers of
fabrics, employs 1,000; Ormat Turbines and its subsidiaries, 450; Rav
Bariah, locking devices and security doors, 350; Brosh, cooking ovens,
100; Ashpara, threads, 150.
• The city has three supermarkets and several small neighborhood
shopping centers, plus shops in the downtown area. The commercial
development of Yavne, however, has not kept pace with other aspects of
its growth.

Culture

• Yavne has both art and music centers. A medium-sized
community center in the center of town houses a small library, multi-
purpose hall and smaller rooms. The local Workers' Council has a hall
which is also used as the city's movie house.
• Yavne is the only city in Israel at present which has cable TV
hookups for all residents.

Marilyn Grant is Detroit's Project Renewal coordinator in Israel. A former
Detroiter, she made aliyah 18 years ago and lives with her husband
Murray in Herzliya.

L - 4

FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1989

C1

,

Danny, the pilot, was lost in the lines around him. Help him to find his way out without
crossing any lines.

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