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December 30, 1988 - Image 26

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1988-12-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

CLOSE-UP

THE
ORCHARD LIGHTING

Machiavellian Dove

Continued from preceding page

Winter
Festrval
of Light
Sale

policy. Uppermost in my
mind is how we can get the
best deal—and to get the best
deal, we have to learn to think
realistically.
"When people ask me what
kind of Israel I want, I tell
them I want a very large one
— from Paris to New Delphi.
`But that's impossible,' they
say. 'So let's talk about
what's possible,' I reply. This
is what I mean; we have to
think about what is possible,
not just what we would like.
We need to emphasize what I
call the 'Zionism of quality,'
not the 'Zionism of acreage.'
minces few words in his
criticisms of the ascendance
of the Likud bloc as the domi-
nant force in Israeli politics.
"Jews just don't have
political experience," he says.
"They are influenced by
unrealistic leaders. I was ap-
palled by what I considered
the effect of Begin on Israeli
thinking."
And Prime Minister Yitz-
hak Shamir, he argues, is even
more locked into modes of
thinking going back to the
Revisionist Zionism of Ze'ev
Jabotinsky. "For Shamir, any
change in his position on ter-
ritorial concessions and the
PLO would mean his ideolog-
ical suicide. 'There are two
banks to the Jordan, and
both belong to us;' that seems
to be the way he thinks. He
seems to believe the current
situation can continue in-
definitely."
At the same time, Harkabi
also opposes the creation of
another national unity
government. "A national uni-
ty always means a govern-
ment that will do nothing," he
says.
Despite this generally
pessimistic outlook, Yehosha-
fat Harkabi sees glimmers of
hope. The intifada, he argues,
has demonstrated to many
Israelis that the current
stalemate cannot continue
forever — and that a growing,
increasingly hostile Arab
population poses a greater
menace to Israeli security
than the tight borders that
would likely result from any
kind of settlement.
And, unlike the Shamir
government, Harkabi sees
hopeful signs in the recent
Palestinian "declaration of in-
dependence."
"Before, we told ourselves
that there was nobody to talk
to on the other side," he says
" But if the Palestinians
make serious changes — and
they seem to be starting — it
may convince Israelis that
there is a new party to
negotiate with."
Another factor affecting
Israeli society, according to
Harkabi, is the global trend
towards the resolution of con-
flicts, a trend that began with

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She wasn't born with
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The; were roan nude.
By a man who burred her tare and back with bt
, rata then threw her into the air, letting her fall
ago
o the ground until she h. from the nose . mouth
A man who did it all for the Measure of heating
ha screams of pain
Vie know i7s a hard story to and les 1 hard story
to tell. Abuse cases always arc In this ca.. the Muse
of a defenseless eight week old kitten tinned Gracie.
AN as cases of suds inconceisahle cruelty
mast the %Milan Iltinune Society (MHS) will be
there to combat them through animal rescue, cruelty
ow and proscenuon
But waging ch. land war against airing abuse
take, money lots of it. When you the to the MHS
during - Be Kind lb Animals Week." or at , other
time. witire helping to stop tragic Milan, like
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Shur money helps the MHS continue its mission
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It's onntramtians fake sours dm have already
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antler the cue of the NHS veterinary staff at mu demo.
town shelter. and mil soon he ready for adopt.
The man who abused her is being hmught to trial
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could he iroprooned fur up to three months and/or
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So Moue gise goulash in
to Mwiugan Humane Snead,
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Bl

;p ocicy

'Br Kmd to Ardind..eck - iOuy to • 7,
Star auradbiounn Non datuoitAr A. trnakuhk.

26 FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1988

Harkabi: a former military adviser
and unlikely dove.

the recent end of the savage

Iran-Iraq war.
"Israel is being affected by
the force of history," he says.
"When conflicts all over the
world are being solved, the
Arab-Israel conflict will stick
out as an abnormality. This,
hopefully, will have an effect
on the thinking of Israelis."
Harkabi argues forcefully
against the notion that
American Jews should offer
uncritical support of the
Jerusalem government.
"American Jews suffer from
inhibitions. They don't want
to take part in the debate.
They want to keep away,
because they think that to
criticize Israel will be to en-
courage anti-Jewish factors."
But the Shamir govern-

ment, he says, is highly
susceptible to the opinions of
American Jews, despite the
veneer of unconcern.
American Jews, he em-
phasizes, have a duty to make
their concerns known to the
Jerusalem government — and
to use whatever leverage they
have to press for a more con-
ciliatory, more open-minded
position on the negotiation
process.
And Jews in this country,
he adds, have a responsibility
to take part in the gathering
debate between the forces of
moderation in Israel and the
ascendant Orthodox groups.
"American Jews must be
part of these debates," he
says. "What is at stake here
is not only Israel, but the
future of Jews here and
everywhere."
Yehoshafat Harkabi is
unrelenting in his portrayal of
an Israel at a crossroads. The
choices Israel makes today, he
insists, will determine
whether the nation will con-
tinue to be a democracy bas-
ed on traditional Jewish
values — or a nationalistic
theocracy increasingly cut off
from the world, increasingly
at war with itself.
"It is not always pleasant
to make such choices," he
says. "But I am confident
that if we begin to face these
questions seriously, we will
come out stronger and more
secure." ❑

A Plea For Clear Thinking

An excerpt from `Israel's Fateful Hour'

I

accept the democratic right
of the Jews in Israel to
commit national suicide and
if that happens, I will be with
them. But it is my duty, and
the duty of others with
similar views, to warn them
against such a course.
Israel must withdraw from
the occupied territories with
their growing Arab popula-
tion. There are those in pro-
PLO circles who make similar
demands; I make them
because I am pro-Israel.
Both sides must bring
themselves to consider the
adversary not as an object to
be manipulated and attacked
but as a subject with whom
to communicate and finally
come to terms.
What we need in Israel is
not a united front behind a
wrong policy, but searching
self-criticism and a careful ex-
amination of our goals and
means, so that we can dif-
ferentiate between realistic
vision and adventurist fan-
tasy. We need clear, rational
and above all, long-term, com-
prehensive political thinking.
Politicians frequently focus

their gaze on the pebbles they
may stumble on, ignoring the
precipice. Some are brilliant
in their analysis of events of
the past weeks, but myopic in
their perspective on what can
happen in the coming months
or years.
Jews in the West, par-
ticularly in the United States,
should participate in this
debate. They should not be
squeamish and discouraged
by the fear that the argu-
ments they air may help their
enemies and those of Israel.
The choice facing them, as
well as Israel, is not between
good and bad, but between
bad and worse. Criticizing
Israeli policies may be harm-
fully divisive, abut refraining
from criticism and allowing
Israel to maintain its wrong
policy is incomparably worse.
If the state of Israel comes to
grief (God forbid), it will not
be because of a lack of
weaponry or money, but
because of skewed political
thinking and because Jews
who understood the situation
did not exert themselves to
convince the Israelis to
change that thinking."

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