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November 04, 1988 - Image 59

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1988-11-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Assuring a viable
Jewish future in
THIS
America and Israel
takes more than luck. It
J
takes action. Member-
ship in HADASSAH is
action!

IF YOU THIN
GOO
SSURE
SH SURVI VJ

Jewish community
by opening mean-
ingful participation

to women of all ages,

professional back-
grounds and religious
affiliations.

D LUCK!"

HADASSAH is the single
biggest volunteer force in
American Jewish life with out-
standing achievements and
service to both Israel and the American
Jewish community.

Most significantly HA-
DASSAH is a "member"
driven organization. In many
cases new programs are pro-
posed by the grass roots membership.
Our members have a unique oppor-
tunity to direct HADASSAH'S COURSE
OF ACTION.

HADASSAH members are found in every
state — Alaska and Hawaii included.
They are urban, suburban and rural,
young and old, married and single. We
maintain one of the world's leading
teaching and research hospitals in
Jerusalem. HADASSAH supports vital
Jewish youth programs in the United
States and Israel. We energize the

Now is the time to join the 385,000
HADASSAH women who together are
bettering the lives of others and their
own.

There is such a thing as luck, and only
YOU can make it happen.

r 1 count on Hadassah. Now Hadassah can count on meT. 1

❑ Miss ❑ Mrs. [11 Ms. ❑ Dr. ❑ List me under my own first name

LAST NAME

Nazi marauders left anti-Semitic slogans scrawled on Jewish-owned
businesses on "The Night of the Shattered Glass."

tainees lived in shacks with
nothing to eat or drink. The
water was polluted.
Grubel remembers running
outside when it rained. "It
was the first time in my life
I appreciated rain because I
could drink it."
The Gestapo wanted the
Jewish center reopened but
there was no one to run it, so
Grubel was released. In
January 1939, he obtained a
permit to enter England as a
domestic servant.
Grubel now heads the Leo
Baeck Institute in New York,
a repository and research
center for the history of
German-speaking Jewry. On
display is an exhibit of
photographs of German Jews,
most of whom were destroyed
or dispersed by the aftermath
of Kristallnacht.
Lotte Marshall was 14
years old and living in Man-
nheim, Germany, when
Hitler came to power in 1933.
She remembers the sounds
of sirens that filled the air on
Kristallnacht. From her
apartment house window,
Marshall saw police going
from place to place.
"They went into people's
apartments and took books
out and burned them in the
street," she said. "None of us
dared to go out for fear of get-
ting caught. My 18-year-old
brother was out that night
and was picked up on the
street.
"From that night on," Mar-
shall said, "life changed
dramatically. You couldn't
move around freely. You knew
something would happen to
you."
Living with her widowed
mother, Marshall packed two
suitcases to be ready to leave
at a moment's notice.
Two years later, the women
were deported to an intern-
ment camp in the Pyrennes.
Marshall's secretarial skills
caught the attention of the

commandant, who sent her to
a camp in Marseille, where
she was able to get a visa to
the United States.
Today, Marshall is the ex-
ecutive secretary of Con-
gregation Habonim in New
York. The Reform temple was
founded a year to the day
after Kristallnacht by Dr.
Hugo Hahn, rabbi of the
synagogue in Essen,
Germany.
In the vestibule outside the
sanctuary of Habonim stands
a rememberance of
Kristallnacht and to the 6
million Jews killed in the
Holocaust.
A Corinthian column, all
that remains of the
Fasanenstrasse Synagogue in
Berlin, sits on a square altar
of blackened stones from the
German synagogues burned
on Kristallnacht. On the wall
behind are the charred rem-
nants of the Torah scroll sav-
ed from the ashes of the Essen
synagogue.
Miriam Cohn, Rabbi
Hahn's daughter, was given
the remnants in the early
1970s by the last executive
director of the Essen Jewish
community center.
"The Essen synagogue was
grander than Solomon's Tem-
ple," said Cohn, who was 11
when the synagogue was
burned.
"After vom Rath was shot,"
Cohn said, "we heard rumors
that something would happen
to the synagogue. And since
the racial laws were enacted,
we got warnings all along. We
felt we could not begin to live
a normal life. So like the
other warnings, we ignored
this one.
"Around 2:30 in the morn-
ing, we were wakened by
shouting and screaming. The
Nazis had broken into the
house as well as the
synagogue. They broke the
china with their boots and
shredded my father's rare

HAD\SSAH

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DATE

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

59

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