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September 30, 1988 - Image 38

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1988-09-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

PURELY COMMENTARY

Jewish Morality

Continued from Page 2

Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Ryan,
former chief of the army
chaplains, offers advice to our
young men and women on the
problems that face them in
everyday life. As the title
denotes, the approach is that of
a Catholic, but the advice is ap-
plicable to all faiths. Because of
his distinguished army career, it
is especially interesting to note
that General Ryan disputes the
Eichmann theory of "following
orders:'
He declares in all
seriousness that "a patriot is not
the man who says, as Stephen
Decatur once did, 'My country,
right or wrong, but right or
wrong, my country? If your
country is wrong, you must
work to make her right, if only
because you love her so and it
pains you to see her embarked
on a wicked course?' Ryan
continues:
"The men who followed Hitler
and Mussolini said, 'My country
right or wrong, and we all know
the beastliness that the Nazis
turned loose on he world. Look
at Adolph Eichmann, the Nazi
official whom Israel hanged in
June of 1962 for having done
most to organize the slaughter
or six million Jews during the
Nazi persecution. Eichmann's
defense throughout his trial was
that he was 'following orders!'
He pleaded that he was serving
his country! Could any man
have done his country a greater
disservice than to have followed
the bloody path that led to the
destruction of Germany from
the air and its division into two
separate, hostile camps?

"No one can place country
above conscience, any more
than he can place loved ones
above conscience. The Church
teaches us that the Fourth Com-
mandment, on which patriotism
is based, also commands: "Obey
your mother and father in all
that is not isn." The same ap-
plies to the fatherland. If you
saw your father striking a crip-
ple, you would be horrified and
very quick to plead with him to
stop. The same should apply to
you if — God forbid — you
should find your country bully-
ing a little land or mistreating
minorities within its own com-
munity. You love the face of your
country too much to see it
disfigured by brutality or pre-
judice."
Unless we adhere to these
principles, we will be turning
back the clock that indicated
mankind's emergence from bar-
barianism to humanism!
How do Israeli soldiers res-
pond to order-taking? In an ar-
ticle entitled, "Gaza Report: Ter-
ror and the Frontier-Guards," in
New Outlook, we read:
"A year ago, Israeli soldiers
stationed in the Gaza Strip were
permitted to do what is still for-
bidden in other occupied ter-

RFPIRARER 83 1488

Moshe Dayan

ritories — to shoot in the direc-
tion of a grenade-thrower even
he melts into a crowd. But most
of the soldiers on patrol told
their commanders that they
could not do this: they refused
on the grounds that such an ac-
tion risked injury to innocent
bystanders. Revealing this on
January 6, General Dayan add-
ed, 'And I must tell you that I am
proud that our soldiers, daily ex-
posed to these killers, refused
the permission: "
It is true that Israeli soldiers
have been given the right to pro-
tect themselves in the horribly
dangerous Gaza area where life
is endangered. Terrorists have
endangered the lives of all who
visit that area, and that is why
Israelis who are there must pro-
tect themselves.
But orders are not followed
blindly by Israelis! They do not
tolerate murder! In this spirit we
adhere to the idea expressed by
Father Ryan, pursued by Israeli
soldiers, that blind submission
to orders from above is wrong!
Let this be the lesson in the
Caney My Lai case.
The issue at hand now will always
need repetitive warnings to those
receiving orders to reject them when
they are immorally used to sink into
submission.
Whatever guilt may occur in the ex-
perience of Israel will hopefully be cor-
rected according to the nation's basic
ethical and moral principle.
In our life as Americans aspiring to
the highest morality, socially and
politically, when there are orders to
submerge into immorality they will
always hopefully be rejected.
The human factor will, hopefully,
always prevail everywhere.

Robert Stolz

Continued from Page 2

Austria herself ceases to exist as
an independent state. And, this
time, it is my turn to be a
refugee
Stolz's return to Vienna coincided
with Schushnig's resignation at Hitler's

demand, to the calamity of Austria's
falling into Nazi control. Stolz was
greeted with warnings that he was un-
safe unless he joined the Nazi party and
its approved musical organizations. His
brother, wh became a Nazi, called to
warn him to drive his Jewish friends
out of his home.
Then began the flight. He went to
Switzerland, from there to Paris where
he joined his associates in musical
circles.
In paris began a life of misery. His
fourth wife betrayed and robbed him of
all his possessions, of wealth he had ac-
cumulated. A young, attractive lady he
befriended proved to be a Gestapo
agent. Soon he was imprisoned by the
Nazi police that ruled Paris. Then came
the guardian angel in his life — Einzi:
Yvonne Louise Ulrich — whom he had
met before his incarceration through
his fellow musicians shortly after his
arrival in Paris. She fell in love with
him at first sight — she half his age of
60 at the time.
Learning that he was being ter-
rorized by his Nazi jailers, Einzi rush-
ed to the prison with bribe money,
secured his release and helped him
back to strength to escape to the United
States. Here he resumed his musical ac-
tivities and his association with the
giants in the musical world.
He was rejoined by Einzi in New
York and a new life of love and musical
attainments began.
In the 30 years of his life that fol-
lowed, Einzi had a great role in keep-
ing his name in the musical world
limelight. He gained even greater ac-
claim. Now there is a Robert Stolz
movement worldwide. Austria was
cheered again upon their resettlement.
His native land issued a postage stamp
in his honor and his music tops the lists
in popularity at concerts.
The Stolz autobiography, The Barb-
ed Wire Waltz, is really a combination
of two biographies, Robert's and Einzi's.
Wherever there are sounds of music,
Stolz is among the echoes. Einzi keeps
rolling up honors in his memory
In his own recollections in the
volume, The Life of the Last Waltz King,
Robert paid honor to the lady who sav-
ed his lfie and keeps his name and
achievements memorable. It is
humanitarian, as a leader in rescue ef-
forts, that Robert Stolz is honored in the
Jewish National Fund forest in Israel,
in the atoning for the sins toward him,
in the tributes of his native Austria: A
noble name is revered and to Robert
Stolz's wife Einzi goes a major portion
of the credit for attaining it.

Dr. Frieda Stollman
Truly Earned Her
Bar-Ilan Doctorate

T

here are not many women in
our midst with an honorary
doctorate. Frieda Stollman
earned it as a devoted advocate of all
means of attaining highest goals for
Jewish education.
She had a great share in the Bar-
Ilan leadership of her husband, Max
Stollman, who also earned an honorary
degree from Bar-Ilan University, and
her brother-in-law, Phillip, the

distinguished chairman of the univer-
sity's global board of directors, who also
holds an honorary doctorate from this
university. Thanks to such family devo-
tions, which gained very strong com-
munal support, Bar-Ilan is one of the
leading schools of higher learning not
only in Israel but perhaps in the entire
Middle East.
This would be saying very little in
honor of Dr. Frieda Stollman without
recognizing that she did not limit her
educational devotions to Bar-Ilan. She
was concerned and devoted to the suc-
cesses of the Hebrew University and
Technion and encouraged support for
them.
Her concern in Jewish educational
programming became especially evi-
dent here when she staunchly ad-
vocated communal endorsement and
support for the day school movement. It
was thanks primarily to her staunch
advocacy of a totality of effort in support
of the full-time Jewish school program
that the day schools made the rapid rise
of the last few years. The Jewish
Welfare Federation recognized her com-
munal efforts with a vice presidency —
the first woman in the community to be
chosen for leadership in that fashion.
'Ib the select and pioneering com-
munity builders have gone the annual
Federation Butzel Awards, and Frieda
Stollman was included in this category.
That the students of Akiva Day
School, which is a major benefaction of
Frieda and the Stollman Family, should

Frieda Stollman

have been at the funeral service to pay
honor to Frieda Stollman as a benefac-
tor and advocate of day schools, was an
added tribute to her.
Individuals and community move-
ments could always count on her advice,
on the support she gave, always with
dignity, always with generosity.
The Jewish Natinoal Fund Forest in
Israel, bearing the Frieda and Max
Stollman names, is only one of the
many Stollman projects gaining notable
achievements.
When we speak of a debt due Dr.
Frieda Stollman for many successful
tasks for Jewry and Israel it is not
limited to the Greater Detroit scene. It
is a national recognition. The glory
with which her road to multiple ac-
tivities is paved is rooted in Israel.
When speaking and writing about
Frieda, we do so with gratitude for her
friendship. There will ever be a remem-
brance of her.

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