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December 18, 1987 - Image 28

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1987-12-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I NEWS I

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Israel Grapples With
Territories' Unrest

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Jerusalem (JTA) — The
deteriorating security situa-
tion in the West Bank and
Gaza Strip last week has
created a serious dilemma for
the Israeli authorities. It has
intensified the political battle
between left and right in the
government over what im-
mediate measures should be
taken to quell the violence
and over the long term status
of the territories.
Senior military and civilian
officials disagree over
whether to classify the latest
events as another periodic
disturbance or an outright
civil revolt. Some are con-
vinced that outside agitators
are responsible. Others insist
the new wave of unrest is
indigenous.
The only consensus seems
to be that the situation will
not improve in the weeks
ahead.
What is new and confound-
ing is that the Israel Defense
Force and border police have
been confronted for the most
part not by armed terrorists
but by youngsters, teenaged
and younger. Born after Israel
seized the territories in the
1967 Six-Day War, they have
grown up in refugee camps,
where resentment against
Israeli rule festers virulently.

But the fact that gasoline
bombs, rocks, stones and
other heavy objects are
hurled by high school and
grade school pupils makes
them no less deadly. Accord-
ing to defense sources, the
IDF and police have resorted
to live ammunition only after
tear gas and rubber bullets
failed to disperse rioters.
At least six young Palesti-
nians have been killed and
dozens have been wounded.
The figures vary according to
the sources of information.
Those from Arab sources are
considerably higher.
The government's handling
of the unrest has been criti-
cized by Egypt, which sent a
letter to officials here com-
plaining of "the violent
measures taken by Israel
against Palestinians."
The IDF is now under
orders to exercise maximum
restraint, even if it meant
allowing demonstrations to
go on until they exhaust
themselves, and say that the
situation is under control.
But Haaretz quoted senior
military sources as saying
that "what has been happen-
ing in the territories in recent
days should not be defined as
a wave of disturbances. It is a
civil revolt."

ACLU Files Against
Two Christmas Displays

..t*KINK•isM

DAVID HOLZEL

Staff Writer

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EXCLUSIVELY A . JULES

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ANNIVERSARY

Big Baver R

1917 - . 1987
.
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liegiste

4.

28 FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1987

• Sui
112 • Tr. , Michi
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9-1122

ichigan's American
Civil Liberties
Union branch filed
suit in U.S. District Court
Tuesday against two Detroit-
area municipalities whose
Christmas displays allegedly
violate the First Amendment
separation of religion and
state.
The suit against Westland
will be heard by Judge Phillip
Pratt on Monday. No hearing
date has been set by Judge
Barbara Hackett for the
ACLU suit against Clawson.
The ACLU is considering
taking action against four
other communities including
Dearborn, Warren and
Centerline, according to
ACLU executive director
Howard Simon. Each city
displays its nativity scene on
municipal property.
In November 1986 the U.S.
Supreme Court upheld a
lower court ruling that the ci-

of Birmingham's
ty
Christmas display violated
the First Amendment. Birm-
ingham subsequently
donated the display to a local
church.
Simon said Westland's
unadorned - creche is a
"flagrant" violation of the
Supreme Court decision,
while Clawson, whose creche
is accompanied by a tiny San-
ta Claus, is a "cynical" viola-
tion of the ruling.
A 1984 U.S. Supreme Court
decision allowed the city of
Pawtucket R.I. to display its
nativity scene because it was
surrounded by "non-
religious" symbols of
Christmas.
Westland plfins to add "non-
'religious" symbols to its
display, such as a Santa
Claus, reindeer and a sleigh,
in order to conform with the
law, according to Andrew
Spisak, administrative assis-
tant to the mayor. A
spokesman for Clawson said
the city had no comment on
the matter.

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