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October 24, 1986 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1986-10-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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The Appointment of

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Shultz Denies U.Sr
USSR 'Deal' For Jews

Washington (JTA) — Sec-
retary of State George Shultz
said last Sunday that the ex-
it visas given two Soviet
Jewish families did not come
about because of any "precise
agreement" during the meet-
ing between President Rea-
gan and Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev in Reykjavik, Ice-
land, October 11 to 12.
"We didn't have any precise
agreement, although many
names of individuals were
talked about," Shultz said on
the NBC-TV "Meet the
Press" program. He added
that Reagan and Gorbachev
also discussed the "hundreds
of thousands who would love
to emigrate. So all of that was
discussed, but there was no
precise agreement on either of
those cases."
The two cases he referred to
were those of David Goldfarb,
a long-time refusenik, who
was flown to the U.S. by Ar-
mand Hammer with his wife,
Cecilia, and Viktor and Inessa
Ferov who were told they
could leave for Israel. Inessa
Ferova has a brother in Israel,
Michael Shirman, who suffers
from acute leukemia. She will

donate blood marrow for a
transplant that may save his
life.
In an address to the Na-
tional Press Club, Shultz said
there was "sustained discus-
sion" on human rights issues
in Iceland. He said the Na-
tional Conference for Soviet
Jewry and other human
rights groups "helped us to
make a powerful presenta-
tion?'

Asked on "Meet the Press"
about criticism that - the U.S.
was making concessions to
the Soviets in return for the
release of individuals, Shultz
replied, "trading in human be-
ings is inherently a repulsive
matter." He added, however,
that the Soviet "system is as
it is. When we can get people
out we're glad to have them
out."
He stressed that it was not
only important to gain the
emigration of people whose
names are well known, but
also the "great mass of peo-
ple" who want to leave. The
number of refuseniks in the
Soviet Union is estimated at
400,000.

=

bers of Jews allowed to leave
each year. The package was
largely prepared by the Na-
tional Conference on Soviet
Jewry.
Morris Abram, chairman of
the Conference, expressed
disappointment that not
much progress was achieved
on the Soviet Jewish question
at Reykjavik. At the same
time, however, he welcomed
President Reagan's decision
to raise the issue forthright-
ly during two meetings with
Gorbachev. Shultz raised it
separately at the foreign
minister's level.
But U.S. officials said the
Soviet side had listened
politely. For Gorbachev, this
was really a side issue. There
could be "progress" in human
rights, he said, only if the big-
ger picture of U.S:Soviet rela-
tions were improved. That,
again, meant an end to the
"Star Wars" program. The
Soviets privately pressed this
same message to reporters
and even to Soviet Jewry ac-
tivists on the scene.
On the Middle East, U.S.
officials said that not much
progress was achieved in
Iceland either. They said that
the Soviets simply insisted on
the convening of an interna-
tional peace conference — a
longstanding Soviet position.
The U.S. and Israel have con-
ditioned any such meeting to
the Soviet Union's first re-
establishing diplomatic rela-
tions with Israel and easing
the plight of Soviet Jewry.

■-■
■■,

. .... ,

Jewish emigration, U.S. of-
ficials said.
They said that such a pro-
posal was made at the
Iceland summit by U.S.
Assistant Secretary of State
Rozeanne Ridgeway during a
working group meeting. The
Americans noted that the
Soviets were prepared to
acknowledge the "human
rights" dimension — as op-
posed to the strictly "human-
itarian" problems — in a for-
mal joint statement to be
issued at the end of the sum-
mit. But no communique was
released because of the failure
to complete an arms control
agreement, U.S. officials said.
In the past, the Soviets
have denied that "human
rights" problems even existed
in the Soviet Union. Instead,
they have referred only to
"humanitarian" problems,
such as reunification of
families.
The Israeli Ambassador in
Washington, Meir Rosenne,
went to the State Depart-
ment to receive from Ridge-
way and other U.S. officials a
firsthand briefing on the
outcome of the Reykjavik
summit.
Reporters were told that
the U.S., at Reykjavik, had
submitted a detailed set of
documents on the plight of
Soviet Jewry to the Soviets.
Other U.S. officials said the
package of material included
a lengthy list of names of
refuseniks as well as a graph
showing the decline in num-.

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