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February 21, 1986 - Image 27

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1986-02-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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27

NEWS

your advertising dollars do better in

U.S. Rights Report Cites
Israeli-Arab 'Tensions'

Washington (JTA) — Israel's munity's future" and they enjoy
"a relatively good standard of
human rights problems are
largely due to the "tensions"
living, access to higher educa-
betieen Israeli authorities and tion, and entrance into the pro-
fessions."
the Arab occupants of the areas
But "Jews are subject to
taken in the 1967 Six Day War,
according to the State Depart- restrictions on foreign travel,
however, and, unlike other
ment's annual reports on human
rights throughout the world Syrian communal groups, the
passports and identity cards of
which was issued last week.
This assessment in the Depart-
Jewish citizens contain a nota-
ment's 10th annual "Country tion that the holder is Jewish,"
Reports On Human Rights the report adds.
Practices" is essentially the
In Iraq, where the Jewish
same as has been made in the community now numbers only
about 400, the report finds
past.
The 1140-page report which is
"there is no evidence of recent
mandated by Congress cover persecution. In 1985, a Western
human rights conditions in all journalist visited the last known
countries that are members. of synagogue in Baghdad and con-
firmed that it is still
the United Nations
"The complex human rights functioning.
The report noted that
situation in the occupied terri-
tories is largely the result of the "Lebanon's tiny Jewish minori-
fact that since the 1967 war and ty has been intimidated by kid-
in the absence of a peace settle- nappings during 1985 and very
men't, the territories remain few Jews remain in their tradi-
under military administration tional neighborhoods in West
and there is friction between oc- Beirut."
In Morocco, the some 10,000
cupation authorites and the
Palestinian population which Jews operate schools and in-
opposes Israeli control," the stitutions as well as 20 major
synagogues and have the sup-
1985 report said.
"Among the symptoms of port of the King. Unlike the
friction are active resistance Co situation in other Arab coun-
the occupation, including espi- tries, Moroccan. Jews are allow-
sodes of violence, sometimes en- ed to maintain close ties to Jews
couraged by outside extremist elsewhere, including Israel.'
Jews also worship freely in
groups. Friction also arises from
security measures taken by Tunisia, although synagogues
Israel to counteract terrorist and Jewish-owned shops have
acts and threats of terror- been attacked during period of
ism,and to counter other kinds tension, according to the report.
of activities which the Israeli But it notes that after the
authorities assert endanger Israeli raid on PLO headquaters
in Tunis, "the government took
security."
The reports adds that extraordinary measures to pro-
"another cause of friction is the tect the Jewish community."
In the Yemen Arab Republic,
introduction of civilian settlers,
although settlement activity the report finds that the tiny
has slowed." In addition, the Jewish community lives peace-
report noted that "frictions are fully, practices their religion
exacerbated by some Israeli freely
The report said that in Iran,
political elements who advocate
annexation or permanent Israeli Jews are permitted to practice
control of the territories as well their religion, but unlike other
as by the refusal of the principal groups, Jews are subject to
Palestinian organizations to travel restrictions.
In Ethiopia, the government
recognize the State of. Israel."
The report also pointed to "a continued to prevent emigration
marked increase in violent acts and to restrict Hebrew instruc-
in 1985" against both Jews and tion, according to the report.
Arabs on the West Bank. "One But the report said that claims
or another faction of the PLO as of genocidal or brutal action
well as a variety of PLO dissi• against Ethiopian Jews is
dent groups claimed responsi- unfounded.
The report repeats the critic-
bility for nearly all acts of
violence against the IDF or ism of the Soviet Union cited in
Israeli civilian," the report said. another recent -State Depart-
But it adds that most of the vio- .went report of, Official anti-
lence "appears, however, to Semitism, crackdowns against
have been spontaneous and Hebrew teachers and continued
local." low emigration.
The report found conditioms
Israel itself is praised as a
parliamentary democracy "char- better for Jews in other Eastern
actrrized by its openess and by Bloc countries. In Rumania, the
its wide-ranging and lively government continues to sup-
port a widespread and active
public debate' of all issues."
The report also contains infor- Jewish community organiza-
mation on the condition of Jews tion. The same is true in
in other countries. Czechoslovakia.
In Argentina, the report
On Syria's 3000 to 4000 Jews,
the report said they are free to found that the 250,000 member
practice their religion and their Jewish community practices its
general situation "has improved religion freely, although anti-
in recent years, despite continu- Semitic incidents do occur oc-
ing uncertainty over the corn- cassionally.

,

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