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December 13, 1985 - Image 18

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1985-12-13

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Friday; DecOmber 13, 1985' THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS




Children 2 months-4 years
9:00 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Children 3-5 years
1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m.

Readiness Activities
Intergenerational Program
Judaic Education

• Caring supervision by a
well-trained, experienced

Call 967-4040 (9:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.)
for an appointment.

For additional information
call Irma Starr, 967-4030

15100 W. Ten Mile Road, Oak Park, Michigan 48237

Erella S

F atv Amy


A Hero

Continued from Page 16

ian refugees. About 20,000
Jews came out of Hungary
during that period. He helped
to resettle them — and not all
in the United States.
"There were three atomic
scientists among the refu-
gees," Feder remembers. "The
U.S. government desperately
wanted them, but they asked
JDC if they could immigrate to
Israel. Naturally, we got them
there. Two eventually re-
From Austria, the Feder
family, which by then included
three children, moved to Iran,
where Ted was the JDC country
director from 1959 to 1961.
"We lived on a street near
the Old Shimron Road. This
was the highway along the
foothills from Teheran to
where the Sha had his castle.
The Shah would go to work
along this road;" Feder recalls.
"Not every day, but when he
did go to work, you would
know because the authorities
would tell the people he was
coming so that they would line
the streets for about five miles
and cheer. He would come fly-
ing along the street with about
a dozen motorcycles and ten
jeeps — all with machine guns
— and his Rolls Royce would
be going at 100 miles per hour.
And lined up in front of the
people were soldiers with
machine guns — all looking at
the crowd of cheering people."
Feder knew the Shah's
brother: "He would represent
the Shah at events in the
Jewish community. It was
quite a large community —
about 85,000 people at the
time. A few were very wealthy
and the rest were very, very
poor. These were the people the
JDC was helping."
The JDC established family
health services that reduced in-
fant mortality among Iranian
Jews dramatically. The JDC
also developed immunization
and other public health pro-
grams for Jewish families.
Later, the JDC supported full
systems of Jewish education,
as well as a network of kin-
dergarten and day care pro-
grams. A cash assistance pro-
gram also aided Iran's poorest
Jews. JDC also attempted to
develop a Jewish community
fund drive to aid the poor when
Iranian Jews developed a mid-
dle class in the 1960s. JDC's
mission in Iran did not allow
the organization to help of-
ficially with immigration pro-
grams for Israel, but "in the
background, of course, we were
interested in aliyah and did
what we could," Feder ex-
Feder is close-mouthed
about the situation for Jewish
present-day Iran. JDC is no
longer permitted to post a per-
manent representative there.
But Jewish education con-
tinues at the Alliance Fran-
caise and Ozer Hatorah schools.
"I don't know where the

money comes from, but some-
one's paying for it," he
After completing his tour of
duty in Iran, Feder was trans-
ferred to Israel where he head-
ed Malben from 1961-66.
"I made aliyah," Feder jokes
— although his sister's old
friend Golda Meir had it in
mind that his move should be
precisely that.
"One shabat soon after we
arrived in Israel, Golda was
present and she suddenly
boomed out, 'Teddy! Where
are the children going to
school?' I felt the earth would
open and I would disappear. I

Feder is
close-mouthed about
the situation for
Jewish present-day

explained, 'You know, Golda,
I don't intend to be here too
long. The JDC doesn't keep
people too long in one place.
And we decided —' But she
wasn't having any of that. She
said, 'Don't give me that,
Teddy. Why don't you put the
children in Hebfew school?' I
said okay, I'd do it — and we
put Joan in kindergarten in the
Israeli system. But Golda
never forgave me for that."
In Israel, Feder took up the
job of establishing a model for
American Jewish participation
in the sociati, welfare of the
infant State of Israel.
Initially, Malben had as-
sumed responsibility for meet-
ing the needs of aged and han-
dicapped immigrants, setting
up innovative programs for
meeting their needs, including
a network of institutions.
"We saw, however, that
even if the government might
have liked us to keep on main-
taining those institutions, that
wasn't the best service we
could give. If we had continued
solely with the care of the aged
and handicapped in institu-
tions, we would have no funds
left. So we maintained them
for an agreed period, then set
up an organization called
Eschel, a combination of
government and JDC services
to the aged. It was the pattern
of things to come."
"We had put into play a kind
of knowhow that the Israelis
didn't have at that time — the
field of the aging was all new
to them at that time. We got
the expensive business of car-
ing for the aged "off their
backs" in the early days of the
taste so they could do other
things. We established model
programs, and then, as immi-
gration slowed and the older
arrivals died, we divested

Continued on Page 20

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