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February 01, 1985 - Image 78

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1985-02-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

78

Friday, February 1, 1985

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

N

NEWS

In loving memory of

Silos Used In Negev Could Help
Alleviate Worldwide Famine

53—ENTERTAINMENT

PIANO BAR ENTERTAINMENT

You plan the party, I'll
bring my own piano
and hundreds of
tunes. Sing-a-long!
Dancing!

All Your Requests.

JEFF LINDAU,

Piano-Song Stylist
646-9531 eves.

54—CEMETERY LOTS

ONE LOT available at
Machpelah cemetery. $450.
356-5298.

ARTHUR
KLEE

ESTHER
GASTMAN

Who passed away five
years ago, Feb. 2, 1980.
Never forgotten, always in
our hearts and minds.
Sadly missed by loving
wife, Lily; daughters,
Rosetta and Brenda; and
grandchildren.

Sadly missed and
forever in our hearts. Your
loving family.

BY HUGH ORGEL

Tel Aviv (JTA) — Israeli
economists and agricultural re-
searchers hope that a thaw in the
cool relations between Israel and
Egypt may revive plans for a joint
venture which could help relieve
famine in various parts of the
world such as the one causing
hundreds of thousands of deaths
in Ethiopia.
The joint venture was based on
the use of an Israeli invention de-
veloped four years ago and al-
ready in use in the Negev for the
long-term storage of grains.
In Israel, this approach to grain
storage is used for stocking im-
ported grains. The Israel-Egypt
plan, discussed but never im-
plemented, - would preserve
surplus stock for eventualities
such as the Ethiopian famine.
The Israeli invention, a product
of the Volcani Center for Agricul-
tural Research at Bet Dagon near
Tel Aviv, is a huge plastic tent-
like structure supported on a
thick wire mesh. The plastic is the
same used to protect Israel's com-
bat tanks from the broiling sun.
The plastic silos •began as an
experiment utilizing dry desert
conditons to preserve grain stocks
without pesticides. Wheat stored
in the plastic silos has deter-
iorated by only one-tenth of one
percent over two years.
According to the data available
to Israeli experts, the Ethiopians
use pesticides. But rodents, in-
sects and mold are said to destroy
up to 50 percent of grain stored
each season.
The secret of Israel's success,
according to Jonathan Donohay,
of th Volcani Center, is that it is
air-tight.
"You get a form of hermetic
storage where, if there are insects
-- and generally there are insects
present — or if some of the outer
layers of the grain become a bit
damp due to moisture ingress and
mold starts to develop, you get
production of carbon dioxide, and
so you get low oxygen concentra-
tions and high carbon dioxide con-
centrations that are eventually
sufficient to kill off the insects —
and so you get a sort of self-
sterilization effect."
Like much of Africa, Israel im-
ports most of its grain. But unlike
the African countries, Israel has
silos around the country for stor-

In loving
memory of

In loving memory of be-
loved Wife, Mother and
Grandmother

MARIANNE
HOROWITZ

Who passed away on
Feb. 3, 1983. Sadly missed
and forever in our hearts.

JDC aid to famine victims, like those in Ethiopia, pictured above,
could be cut drastically with the use of Israeli silos in hunger
stricken countries.

age, and has an efficient road and
trucking system for distribution.
The man in charge of the import
of essential foods into Israel is
Meir Yagil, of the Ministry of
Trade and Industry. He main-
tains that food shortages can be
predicted six months in advance;
the famine in Ethiopia was fore-
seen three years before it mate-
rialized. The United Nations Food
and Agriculture Organization
(FOA) had issued warnings well
in advance and has since warned
of other food shortages ikely to
occur elsewhere in the world.
But as so often happens, the
warnings were disregarded until
it was too late.
Yagil says that with the first
indication of crop failures, coun-
tries like Ethiopia could avert
disaster by trucking the Israeli-
invented plastic silos into crisis
areas where they could be assem-
bled and filled with grain stocks to
act as a buffer against the lean
years.
Even though it does not need to
truck silos around the country, Is-
rael does use the plastic tents.
They cost only about $20 per ton of
storage capacity and they can be
used year after year. A concrete
silo, of the type familiar through-
out the world, costs hundreds of
dollars a ton to build.
Israel presently has 30 of the
1,000-ton capacity plastic silos for
grain storage in the southern
Kiryat Gat region. Zvi Dromi,
manager of the southern storage
area, helped develop the new silos
and he will probably be sent
abroad to help set up any that are
exported.
He claims that the reason Israel
has not yet exported the plastic
silos is that other countries do not
know about them. Dromi says:
"We haven't got the right system
to market them because that costs
a lot of money and I can't send
anyone around the world on a
marketing tour."
He says that to feed eight mil-
lion people in a place like
Ethiopia, 300 plastic silos are re-
quired for each 1,000 tons. "You
can use each silo two or_ three
times a year. but you don't have to
wait for all 300. You can start
with something like 50, and even
that small number would help the
starving people of Ethiopia or

those who may starve in the fu-
ture in other pfedictable
famines."
Dromi says that to prepare and
ship 50 silos to Ethiopia, and then
set them up at the needy sites,
would take no more than three
months.
It was the cooling-off of rela-
tions on the part of the Egyptians
which shelved the joint venture
idea. Volcani researchers hope
that now that the "freeze" appears
to be coming to an end, the idea
may be revived and implemented.
The famine in Ethiopia may not
be the last shortage in Asia and
Africa. Others are predicted. Is-
rael is ready with its plastic silos
to store the surpluses of fat years
to feed the hungry in the lean
years.

memory of

KENNETH S
MOSS

You are always in our
hearts, very much missed
and loved by loving wife,
Edee; children, Larry
(Jean), Jerry (Mimi), Nicky
(Bruce); and grand-
children.

In Loving
Memory of

Send Someone
Special a Gift
52 Weeks a Year.

ABE
WARSHAWSKY

Send a gift
subscription to

Feb. 4, 1979
(13th of Shevat)

THE

JEWISH NEWS!

ADL Praises
U.S. Action On
Lockheed Bias

New York (JTA) — The Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith (ADL) last week com-
mended the U.S. Commerce De-
partment for its handling of the
Lockheed Corporation's violation
of the anti-discrimination pro-
visions of the Export Administra-
tion Act. The ADL had earlier
brought the violation of the atten-
tion of the Department.
Abraham Foxman, ADL's asso-
ciate national director and head of
its International Affairs Division,
said the ADL had informed the
Commerce Department that a
Lockheed subsidiary, Lockheed-
EMSCO of Houston, posted an
internal job notice for research
chemists in Saudi Arabia which
stipulated: "The customer has
stated no Jewish applicants or
women would be acceptable."
Under the terms of a consent
agreement announced on Jan. 18,
Lockheed was fined $10,000 and
stripped of its export privileges to
Saudi Arabia for a one-year
period.
In praising Commerce's action,
Foxman declared that "it is a clear
re-affirmation of the Depart-
ment's determination to combat
Arab boycott activity, including
religious discrimination against
Americans."

In

Always will be remem-
bered by Sy and Geraldine
and daughters Edith,
Sonja, Lillian and Delores,
and grandchildren.

are house calls
a thing of
the past??

OF COURSE NOT

L t

The Jewish News

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