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August 10, 1984 - Image 36

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1984-08-10

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36 Friday, August 10, 1984

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

NEWS

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r BANKRUPTCY'''. U.S. Jewish leaders opposed

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to change in Law of Return

Jerusalem (JTA) — Four
prominent American Jews
warned here last week that
any amendment to the Who
is a Jew law might split the
unity of the Jewish people
I
and create serious breaches
in Isreal-Diaspora rela-
1
tions.
I The warning was raised
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out a quarter-page ad in the
Jerusalem Post entitled
"Am Ehad — Preserve Our
Unity."
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The call was part of an
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overall effort by non- .
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Orthodox groups to foil at-
tempts by the religious par-
IL Zilisolid
iiii no a
ties in Israel to secure a
promise from whichever
party forms the next gov-
ernment to change the Who
is a Jew law so that it would
recognize only those con-
versions performed accord-
ing to the Orthodox in-
terpretation of Halachah

1
1
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• BETTER BUSINESS'
EQUIPMENT CO.

(Jewish law).
The present Who is a Jew
.law, or the Law of Return,
gives every Jew the right to
enter Israel and receive
automatic citizenship. It
was adopted shortly after
Israel declared its indepen-
dence in 1948. It applies to
born Jews and converted
Jews, but does not establish
criteria for such conver-
sions.
The four American Jews,
who said they represented
some four million Jews in
the United States, warned if
an amendment is intro-
duced to change the law,
aliyah from the. U.S. would
diminish, and also possibly
financial support for Israel.
They pointed out, at the
press conference, that if an
amendment was adopted, it
would exclude anyone con-
verted to Judaism by a
non-Orthodox rabbi. They
also said that most Ameri-
can Jews regard themselves
as either Conservative or
Reform, even those who are
not actually affiliated with
synagogues.
Mann said if the amend-
ment was adopted, it Would
merely be a political and not
a religious act. He said the
non-Orthodox Jews could

live with the fact that the
Israeli religious authorities
do not recognize their con-
version, but one would not
be able to accept that this
would become state law. "I
don't want the State of Is-
rael to tell me that we are
something less than
Jewish," he said, "because
we do not accept the Or-
thodox point of view."
In New York, Rabbi Ale-
xander M. Schindler,
president of the Union of
American Hebrew Congre-
gations, called on Yitzhak
Shamir and Shimon Peres
to "reject pressure from the
Orthodox parties" in Israel
to amend the Law of Return
as the price for their par-
ticipaton in a coalition gov-
ernment.
"Jewish unity must never
become a bargaining chip
on the table of political
power," the reform leader
said in cables to Prime
Minister Shamir and Peres,
the leader of the Labor op-
position. "The self-serving
demand of a tiny group of
Orthodox spokesmen in Is-
rael that they be recognized
as the sole interpreters of
Jewish religion . . . is mor-
ally and religiously offen-
sive."

85 Jews leave USSR in July

For Those Who Want Distinctive Interiors

New York (JTA) — The
National Conference on
Soviet Jewry reported that
85 Jews left the Soviet
Union in July. This, the con-
Tour Thi Troy Deign Center
ference said, continued the
low rate of emigration for
For Consultation Call: 352-2264
this year.
A total of 72 Jews emi-
grated in June and 109 Jews
emigrated in May. Accord-
ing to the Geneva-based In-
tergovernmental Commit-
tee for Migration, 556 Jews
left the Soviet Union during
the first six months of this
year, 267 of whom went to
Israel.
In Washington, Sen.
Charles H. Percy (R-Ill.),
chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Commit-
tee, announced that the Se-
nate passed and sent to the
Before you make up your mind, make up a check list. Corn
President for signature a
all five cars. How many of them have 4-wheel independent
bill condemning the low
suspensions? Which has the most comfortable
rate of emigration of Jews
seats? The smoothest tide? We're confident
from the Soviet Union.
you'll discover that Peugeot is perhaps the
The bill, a joint resolution
most comfortable car in the world today.
originally sponsored in the
House by Rep. Mark Siljan-
der, passed the Foreign Re-
lations Committee by
unanimous vote on July 31.
The joint resolution
charges that the Soviet
Union has "systematically
interfered with the practice
of the Hebrew language and
culture and severely re-
1765 Telegraph Rd., Bloomfield Hills
stricted Jewish religious
(One Mile North of Square lake Road)
expression," has "made it
almost impossible for Soviet
Jews to obtain higher edu-
cation and meaningful em-
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tal hospitals and abuses of
psychiatric treatment to
punish dissenters and re-
fuseniks," and has thereby
violated the United Na-
tions' Declaration of
Human Rights and the Hel-
sinki accords.
In a related development,
Soviet Jewish prisoner of
conscience Anatoly
Shcharansky has been
placed under strict regime
in Chistopol Prison, accord-
ing to the Greater New
York Conference on Soviet
Jewry.
In a letter which his
brother Leonid received on
July 30, Shcharansky re-
ported that under this new
regime his rations have
been halved and his daily
walks have been restricted
to 30 minutes from the prev-
iously allowed 60 minutes.
For Shcharansky, who
suffers from a serious heart
condition resulting from a
four-month hunger strike
which he undertook in 1982,
this cutback in daily exer-
cise could have serious im-
plications for his health, the
conference said.
According to Leonid
Shcharansky, who lives in
Moscow, Anatoly's letter-
writing privileges have also
been curtailed, and he is
now permitted to write only
once every two months, in-
stead of every month. His
next letter is expected at the
end of September or early
October. Leonid reported

that despite these negative
developments, the spirit of
Anatoly's letter was posit-
ive.
Ida Milgrom, Shcharans-
ky's aged mother, is plan-
ning to travel to Chistopol
Prison next week to deter-
mine the reason that her
son has been subjected to
such harsh treatment, the
conference reported. Mil-
grom's previously
scheduled July 4 visit was
canceled.
Anatoly Shcharansky,
who applied to emigrate to
Israel in 1973, is currently
serving a 13-year sentence
(to 1990) for "treason."
Meanwhile, the NCSJ re-
ported that the "draft eva-
sion" trial of 29-year-old ac-
tivist Aleksandr Yakir was
scheduled for this past
Thursday.

Strikes hurt
Israel economy

Tel Aviv (JTA) — The Is-
raeli economy lost almost a
million working days in 93
strikes in 1983. The Labor
and Social Affairs Ministry
said that 188,305 workers
took part in 93 strikes dur-
ing the year. The Miistry
said that 78 percent of the
days lost were due to the
three-month strike of
salaried doctors in the pub-
lic sector. In addition to the
full strikes, there were also
47 partial strikes.

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