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July 13, 1984 - Image 30

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1984-07-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


FEidaY, July, /3,.1 4=

Ty k RETRAT 4W041 NEN r

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Political parties receiving
Jewish input for conventions

In a tight race, it is possi-
Now that the Presidential
election primaries are over, ble that Jewish voters could
national Jewish organiza- swing the electoral balance.
tions are submitting state- They total almost 25 per-
ments to the platform corn- • cent of all the voters in New
mittees of the Democratic York, whose electoral votes
and Republican parties, are considered crucial to
bringing to their attention any candidate. They are 12
Jewish concerns and percent in New Jersey; ten
recommendations for inclu- percent in Florida; seven
sion in the platforms which percent' in Pennsylvania;
the national convention of six percent in California;
each party will adopt as its five percent in Illinois —
pledge and as guidance for five states that together ac-
the candidate whom it will count for 132 electoral
choose to run for President votes.
of the United States.
Basic data about Jewish
The first such statements voters is summed- up in a
have been presented by the . study by the American
American Jewish Commit- Jewish Committee. They
tee • and the Anti- study indicates that the
Defamation League of B'nai ratio of Jews who vote is
B'rith.
higher than their propor-
In relation to the Middle tion in the general popula-
Eat, the Jewish groups tion. In part because Jews
urge that the U.S. refrain are older and have more
from holding talks with the years of formal education,
Palestine Liberation Jews, the study emphasizes,
Organization until the PLO do not vote for a candidate
recognizes Israel and re- because he is Jewish, and
nounces terrorism. They they are not a "single issue"
suggest that proposals for voting block, although Is-
arms sales to Arab coun- rael is very important to
tries be strictly evaluated to Jewish voters. Jews 'are
ensure they will not be used more united than other de-
against Israel. They want mographic groups behind
both parties to include in civil rights and civil liber-
their policy platforms a ties, equal opportunity, aid.
commitment to move the to the poor and aged, sup-
U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv port for public education
to Jerusalem. They also and health programs. They
suggest that the two parties rare very strongly in opposi-
go on record in the plat- tion to violence. They close
forms as urging the U.S. to ranks when they believe Is-
resist attempts to deprive rael's security is
Israel of full membership in threatened.
the United Nations.
While other religious and
In the domestic area, the ethnic groups, whose weal-
statements• advocate thier and better educated
further guarantees for pro- members tend to be conser-
tection of freedom of reli- vative and vote Republican,
gion and strict enforcement the majority of Jewish vot-
the separation of church ers, regardless of their
and state Constitutionally socio-economic level, gen-
mandated by the First erally support Democratic
Amendment; renunciation candidates and liberal pro-
of anti-Semitism and other grams. Over 50 percent of
forms of bigotry; promotion the Jewish voters are regis-
of a generous immigration tered as Democrats, about
policy; support of affirma- 11 percent as Republicans.
tive action without quotas;
steps to insure energy inde-
pendence; giving high prior-
ity to women's issues; and
some other issues for con=
sideration. The statements
urge both parties to declare
that the U.S. continue its ef-
forts in behalf of Soviet
Jews.
American Jews consti-
tute less than three percent
of the population, but they
New York (JTA)
make. up more than four Agudath Israel of America
percent of all voters. One plans to join other religious
percent equals about groups in challenging the
750,000 votes; this indicates legality of Mayor Edward
that Jews cast 3,000,000 Koch's executive order 50
votes in elections.
requiring private agencies
The Jews live in many of doing business with New
the most populous states York City .to sign a state-
whose large number of ment pledging they will not
winners-take-all electoral discriminate against
votes are of vital impor- homosexual job applicants,
tance to any Presidential according to Rabbi Moshe
candidate. In most elec- Sherer, president.
tions, 80 percent of the reg-
istered Jewish voters turn
Sherer said that, as an
opt-'at the polling booths.
Orthodox Jewish move-
11:111.1

Thirty percent say they are
independents. As the
American political ground
has shifted to the right,
Jews have shifted with it.
But compared with others,
they are still on the liberal
side.
In the Presidential elec-
tions of 1980, about 40 per-
cent of the Jewish voters
cast their votes for Reagan.
Whether this will be the
case in the current elections
is difficult to predict: Ex-
perts estimate that Jewish
support for Reagan both as
President and as a candi-
date for re-election is
roughly in the 20 percent
bracket.
In two separate but
equally free-wheeling meet-
ings, -two groups of noted
Jewish intellectuals — one
politically conservative, the
other liberal — gathered re-
cently in the American
Jewish Committee head-
quarters in New York to
discuss what positions they
felt the Jewish community
should - take toward
Reagan's economic and so-
cial policies.'The conserva-
tive panel contended that
Jews should support
Reagan's policies because,
the group maintained, these
policies would improve the
national economy, lead to
social stability, and ulti-
mately benefit all social and
economic groups, including
minorities and Jews. The
liberals held that Jews
should oppose many of
Reagan's policies, asserting
that the policies would
harm the national economy
and could lead to situations
that would endanger
Jewish security. Several of
the liberals have, however,
added that they did not feel
that the nation's liberal
leaders and thinkers had
yet devised workable alter-
natives to Reagan's policies.

NEWS

.

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Agudath Israel challenges
Koch order on gay hiring

ywievrrpr-rr.r.vr-rrrrrYri;

ment, "it would be inimical
to the very nature of
Agudath Israel to hire av-
aowed homosexuals — per-
sons who'. by definition
openly flaunt their contmpt
for Torah — to fill positions
which demand conformance
with Jewish religious law."
Sherer continued to say
that the agency planned to
file papers "shortly" in New
York State Supreme Court
in Manhattan, challenging
the legality of the order. He
added that the exact date
remained to be worked out.

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