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May 04, 1984 - Image 46

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1984-05-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

46

Friday, May 4, 1984

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

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• •

"The War of Indepen-
dence has never really
ended," 'according to Dan
Bavly, co-author with
Haaretz journalist Eliahu
Salpeter ofFire in Beirut (S-
tein and Day, a recently re-
leased in-depth analysis of
the Lebanon war -and its
ramifications.
Bavly, who works in the
office of Israeli military
spokesman, is a lieutenant
colonel in the army re-
serves. Recently in the
United States to answer
questions about the book
andY Israel's policy in Leba-
non, Bavly said that he
views Israel's occupation of
southern Lebanon as a
necessity of "survivability,"
admitting though, that "by
being in Lebanon, we solve
some problems and create
others."
Conceding that Israel lost
control in Lebanon with the
murder of Bashir Gemayel
and the massacres at Sabra
and Shatilla camps, Bavly
reflected that Israel took a
very severe beating from
the break in the consensus
of the Israeli public. Accord-
ing to Fire in Beirut, the war
in Lebanon is the first Is-
raeli war with no national
consensus.
Some of the book's high-
lights are:
• Defense Minister Ariel
Sharon's overall battle
plans were never fully dis-
closed to the Israeli Cabinet
for advance approval.
• Sharon intended to
take Beirut before the inva-
sion of southern Lebanon
had commenced.
• Had the Cabinet
known the war's course, or
length, "it undoubtedly
would not have approved
the initial plan for an opera-
tion scheduled to be com-
pleted within 48 hours."
• The Americans were
constantly apprised of Is-
rael's intentions in Leba-
non, planned long before the,
actual invasion, and fre-
quently intervened to pre-
vent an attack.
• Premier Menachem
Begin and the Israeli gov-
ernment had decided not to
occupy Beirut to expel the
Liberation
Palestine
Organization.
• PLO operations in Be-
irut were perceived as an
immediate threat to possi-
Palestinian-Israeli
ble
negotiations on the West
Bank at a crucial time of
deadlocked autonomy talks.
Queried as to whether Is-
rael ever really felt confi-
dent an agreement could be
worked out with all the dis-
senting Lebanese parties,
Bavly replied that : from
June 1982 through May
1983 there was an ongoing
relationship at the Lebanon
negotiations between Israel
and all the Lebanese fac-
tional leaders and that
there was a positive feeling

that an accord could have
been reached.
Bavly blames "American
woolly vacillation" for up-
setting the balance in the
Lebanon crisis, opining that
"American allies feel they
can no longer trust the
Americans." He cited Iran
and Taiwan as two cases of
formerly steadfast partners
of the United States whose
positions as strategic assets
and friends were suddenly
catapulted to make way for
the presence of new political
realities. The United States
did not do all it could to try
to avert the cataclysm in
Iran, said Bavly.
"(Special Ambassador
Philip) Habib, then
(George) Shultz, assured
and reassured that the Sy-
rians would be 'taken care
of,' " Bavly stressed. "To an
enormous extent, the whole
negotiation was based on
the assumption" that the
United States would be in
control of the Lebanon situ-
ation, that they "were plan-
ning to free Lebanon from
both Syria and Israel."
Bavly quickly added, how-
ever, that Israel feels secure
in its American ties.
Addressing the issue of
Syrian occupation of Leba-
non, Bavly asserted that
"Israel's presence
strengthens Syria's posi-
tion," and Moscow, also, has
a vested interest in keeping
the status quo to justify the
need for Syrian, and Soviet,
influence in Lebanon.
"There's no indication
that any Syrian, even as a
propaganda gambit, would
consider peaceful coexis-
tence" with Israel, Bavly be-
lieves.

Synagogues
aid Israel Bonds

New York — More than
140 additional synagogues
have agreed to conduct Is-
rael Bond appeals during
this year's Rosh Hashanah
and Yom Kippur services
and 50 congregations will
hold new synagogue Bond
events as a result
of "Operation B'nai Ami."
In 1983, close to 1,000
synagogues in the United
States and Canada con-
ducted holiday appeals
which resulted in more than
43 million in Bond subscrip-
tions.
"B'nai Ami," which took
place March 26 to April 6,
saw 25 Israeli emissaries
taking part in one-on-one
meetings with rabbis and
synagogue presidents in
major Jewish communities
across the United States.
Because of the success of
the operation, a second
phase will be conducted be-
tween April 29, Holocaust
Remembrance Day, and
May 7, Israel Independence
Day.

"It's a pity," said Bavly,
commenting on the exten-
sive Arab-Israeli conflicts
that have etched out Israel's
history since 1948. "I would
have been far happier if we
could have coexisted with
our Arab neighbors."
• But the affable Bavly,
middle-aged resident of Tel
Aviv, is not pessimistic
when assessing the future
possibilities for Israel and
its relations with its Arab
neighbors. Seeing more
favorable signs in the cur-
rent leadership in Israel,
Bavly said -there is "no com-
parison" between The Yit-
zhak Shamir-Moshe Arens
administration and that of
Menachem Begin and Ariel
Sharon. He even postulates
a clearing in the future of
the economic cloud which
currently enshrouds Israel.
"I was far more
frightened when the West-
ern recession was more
prominent," said Bevly, re-
ferring to the "Second wave
of the petrodollar" that
brought Arab buying power
to the fore in the world pic-
ture.
Bavly in civilian life is a
certified public accountant.
He has written two previous
books, The Subterranean
Economy" with David
Kimche, Israeli chief
negotiator in the Lebanon
talks; and The Sandstorm,
an account of the Six-Day
War.

Copyright 1984, JTA, Inc.

Brazilian
hits fascism

Rio de Janeiro (JTA) —
Tancredo Neves, governor
of Minas Gerais State and a
probable candidate for the
presidency of Brazil next
year, delivered an im-
passioned warning this
week against the revival of
fascism in many guises all
over the world.
Neves spoke at the an-
nual observance of Yon
Hashoah — Holocaust Re-
membrance Day — at the
Chaim Nachman Bialik Li-
brary in Rio. Referring to
Jewish resistance against
the Nazis, he said the
heroism of the Warsaw
Ghetto uprising 41 years
ago was much greater Ur
that of the defenders
Stalingrad.
Neves is a leader of the
opposition PMOB party and
is expected to be the com-
promise presidential candi-
date when Gen. Figueiredo
steps down in March 1985.
During the religious
ceremonies at the Bia-
lik Library, the gover-
nor politely refused a
kippah and pulled one
out of his pocket to cover
his head. He said a friend
had bought it for him in
Jerusalem.

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