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March 30, 1984 - Image 61

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1984-03-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

WOMEN!

Detroit scholar reveals British plans
in 1939 to establish Arab state in Palestine

Special to
The Jewish News

LONDON — A British
Foreign Office plan to
abandon the Zionist pledge
and to establish an Arab
state in Palestine; im-
mediately prior to World
War II, was revealed this
week by a Detroit scholar,
after several years' research
into microfilmed British
War and Colonial Office
documents.
Dr. Daniel Silverfarb's
expose of previously unpub-
lished background material
is published by Middle
Eastern Studies, edited by
Elie Kedourie of the London
School of Economics.
After a thorough review
of the conditions and atti-
c tudes of all of the Arab
states then in existence, Dr.
Silverfarb outlined the
emerging great need for oil
then discovered in the Mid-
dle East by American com-
panies, with what was then
a developing dependence
• upon Saudi Arabia on the
eve of World War II.
Dr. Silverfarb's extensive
research shows that in
1938, fully 10 years before
the rebirth of Israel, the
British Foreign Office and
the War Office, as well as
• the Committee of Imperial

Defense, became convinced
that Britain had to woo the
Arabs through the British
policy on Palestine. His his-
torical date reveals for the
first time:
"In April 1938 the
Foreign Office maintained
that the most important
measure which Britain
could take to influence
Saudi Arabia, as well as
other Arab countries, would
be to implement a more
pro-Arab and anti-Zionist
policy in Palestine. At this
time, soon after the report of
the Palestine Royal Com-
mission in July 1937 which
recommended the creation
of a Jewish state in a section
of Palestine, the British
government was in the
process of reassessing its
Palestinian policy. The
Foreign Office feared that if
this reassessment led Saudi
Arabia and other Arab
states to conclude that Brit-
ain was becoming increas-
ingly supportive of the
Zionist ambition to create a
Jewish state in Palestine,
then no expenditure of
money could be relied upon
to placate the Arab gov-
ernments or to prevent
them from supporting Brit-
ain's enemies in the event of
war.

Peace Now murder case
defendant pleads innocent

Jerusalem (JTA) — Yona
Avrushmi pleaded not
guilty to the murder of
Peace Now activist Emil
Grunzweig more than P
year ago at the opening of
his trial at a Jerusalem dis-
trict court Tuesday.
Avrushmi, a 28-year-old
resident of Ofra on the West
Bank, has been charged
with throwing the hand
grenade which killed
Grunzweig and wounded 10
others at a demonstration
against the war in Lebanon
outside the Knesset on Feb.
10, 1983.
He claimed he was at his
parent's home at the time of
the incident and, according
to his attorney, his where-
abouts can be proven.
The court rejected a de-
fense request to drop a sec-
ond charge of attempted
murder which relates to the
wounded persons, but it
agreed to a short postpone-
ment of the trial for further
hearings.
On Monday, the district
court formally indicted four
American Jewish immig-
rants for acts of terror
against Arabs, including
the wounding of six Arab
day laborers in an ambush
on the West Bank on March
4.
The men charged were
identified as Meir
Leibowitz, 21; Levi Hazan,
23; and Yehuda Richter, 21,
all implicated in the bus at-
tack; and Yekutiel
Godinsky, 20, accused of
four other attacks on Arabs.
Another suspect in the
ambush, Craig Leitner,
agreed to testify for the
prosecution and was not

charged.
The four men charged
were identified as members
of Rabbi Meir Kahane's ex-
tremist Kach movement.
Hazan and Richter, origi-
nally from Los Angeles and
Godinsky, from New York,
hold dual U.S. and Israeli
citizenship, as does Leitner
who is also from Los
Angeles. Leibowitz's citi-
zenship was not disclosed.
According to prosecuting
attorney Michael Shaked,
the men charged with the
ambush can receive prison
terms of up to 20 years and
Godinsky faces a possible 15
years in prison.

Cairo court
dismisses suit
on Sadat' movie

New York (JTA) — A
Cairo court dismissed a suit
against Columbia Pictures
and the six directors, pro-
ducers and writers of the
television movie Sadat who
were accused Of "damaging
and distorting" Egyptian
history. The film remains
banned in Egypt.
The court ruled that
"since the distortions and
the slanders found in the
film took place outside the
country, it follows that the
crimes were not within the
Egyptian courts' jurisdic-
tion."
The suit had been filed by
the Egyptian Movie Syndi-
cate which demanded crim-
inal penalties.
If convicted, the accused
faced maximum prison
terms of two years and fines
— provided they came to
Egypt.

Dr. Daniel Silverfarb
"In April 1938 the War
Office agreed that Ibn
Saud's attitude towards
Britain would be governed
in large measure by events
in Palestine. And in Feb-
ruary 1939 the standing of-
ficial sub-committee for
questions concerning the
Middle East of the Commit-
tee of Imperial Defense also
maintained that the most
important measure which
Britain could take to influ-
ence Saudi Arabia and
other Arab states would be
to implement a more pro-
Arab policy in Palestine.
"Responding to this pres-
sure, in May 1939 the
British government issued
a white paper which placed
severe limitations on
Jewish immigration into

Palestine and Jewish land
purchases within Palestine.
According to the terms of
the White Paper, Palestine
would, after 10 years, be-
come an independent state
under the control of its Arab
majority. The adoption of
this new policy, which effec-
tively terminated Britain's
efforts to create a Jewish
national home in Palestine,
was almost certainly influ-
enced by the British gov-
ernment's desire to gain the
friendship of Ibn Saud."
Dr. Silverfarb is the son of
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Silver-
farb of Southfield, Mich. He
holds degrees from the Uni-
versity of Michigan, Wayne
State University and the
University of Wisconsin,
where he earned his Ph.D.
degree.
He held faculty positions
at the University of Wiscon-
sin and Mercy College, and
has been engaged in exten-
sive research in London for
the past three years relat-
ing to British involvement
in the Middle East.
Dr. Silverfarb has written
extensively on the subject,
including Britain's in-
volvement with Iraq and
the developing situations
,leading up to World War II.

New York — Dr. Daniel
Levine, a Bar-Ilan Univer-
sity social scientist, has
called for the establishment
of free Jewish day school
education through high
school for every Jewish
child in the U.S. as a means
of combatting the current
trends of apathy, assimila-
tion and identity erosion
found among Jewish stu-
dents on American cam-
puses.
"If we don't act to stop
these trends," he said,
"there will be no communi-
cation whatsoever between
American Jews and Israelis
in the next generation."

Orchestra

MDA campaign

Tel Aviv — The Give-A-
Hand to MDA campaign for
the 1984 Passover holiday
has been launched by
Magen David Adorn in Is-
rael in order to cope with the
anticipated increase in de-
mand for blood supplies
when tourists and pilgrims
flock to Israel.
MDA emergency medical
care centers throughout Is-
rael are initiating blood
donor drives.

Paris fair
focus on rights

New York — Human re-
lations materials produced
by the Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith were
a feature of last week's an-
nual "Salon De Livre," the
historic Paris Book Fair in
the city's Grand Palace.
The six-day fair had as its
theme "The Rights of Man."

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