THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
14 'Friday, March 9, 1984
Arab Mayor Restricted Two Years?
JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Karim Khalaf, the deposed
mayor of Ramallah, said
last week that he was just
released from "house ar-
rest" after two years' con-
finement to the town of
Jericho. But the Israeli
authorities say he was
never placed under any re-
Khalaf was always free to
go wherever he Wanted, ac-
cording to Brig. Gen.
coordinator of government
activities on the West Bank.
Khalaf said he was notified
by the civil administration
Feb. 29 that his confine-
ment was lifted. He and his
lawyer insisted that the
ex-mayor was under verbal
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orders not to leave Jericho was confined to my town.
and that according to mili- Nobody was allowed to visit
tary regulations a verbal me and sometimes I was
order is as valid as a written under house arrest, not
one. town arrest," Khalaf told
"In the past two years I reporters.
. . . and Me'
(Copyright 1984, JTA, Inc.)
THE JERUSALEM ISSUE: The request for U.S.
recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel — and for
transferring the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to
Jerusalem — is gaining more and more attention in the
ranks of the Republican and Democratic parties as their
national conventions draw closer.
It is also gaining more attention in both houses of
Congress where legislation has been introduced aiming at
making it mandatory for the Administration to relocate the
U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. At their national conventions,
the Democratic and Republican parties will each have to
declare its stand on the Jerusalem issue in the party plat-
The Democratic Party national convention will prob-
ably repeat the text of the plank it adopted at its conven-
tions in 1976 and 1980. The text states: "The Democratic
Party recognizes and supports the established status of
Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, with free access to all
holy places provided to all faiths." It urges that "Jerusalem
should remain forever undivided" and that "the U.S. Em-
bassy should be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem."
The Republican Party platform adopted in 1980 stated:
"Republicans believe that Jerusalem should remain an un-
divided city with continued free and unimpeded access to
all holy places by people of all faiths." That was it. No
mention was made of moving the embassy from Tel Aviv to
JEWISH ARGUMENT: The compelling reasons for
Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel, and the spe-
cial significance which the city — as the capital — has for
Jews throughout the world, have been spelled out by the
General Assembly of the Council of Jewish Federations and
the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory
The CJF Assembly declared in a resolution, "If Ameri-
ca's commitment to Israel is to have any clear and unmis-
takable meaning, it is long past time for the United States
to formally acknowledge Israel's sovereign capital,
Jerusalem, and relocate the American Embassy there."
The resolution describes Jerusalem as "the heart of the
Jewish people" and insists that the city must remain
"forever undivided, accessible to all, and an inseparable
part of the sovereign state of Israel."
It urges the U.S. government "to formally acknowl-
edge Israel's just and humane administration of Jerusalem,
her scrupulous maintenance of access to all holy places and
their protection, her sovereignty over united Jerusalem,
and her sovereign right to designate Jerusalem as Israel's
The NJCRAC, which concluded its four-day annual
conference in Washington on Feb. 29, advances the follow-
• Jerusalem occupies a unique and crucial place in
Jewish religion, Jewish history and Jewish peoplehood.
Throughout their long dispersion, Jews prayed and hoped
and longed for the restoration of Jerusalem to the Jewish
people as the center of its civilization. The special and
unique attachment of the Jews to Jerusalem, as the actual
physical place, is not matched in Christianity or Islam.
Jews pray for their return to Jerusalem.
• Except for brief periods of expulsion, there have al-
ways been Jews in Jerusalem; the longest continuing
presence in the city is the Jewish presence; for the past
century, Jews have been a majority of the population of the
• Israel is safeguarding the religious, social and cul-
tural life of the Christian and Moslem populations in
Jerusalem and is assisting the further development of
Christian and Moslem institutions in the city. Only since
Israel unified Jerusalem has it become a single entity with
freedom of movement for all its residents.
• Since Jerusalem's unification in 1967, Israel has
scrupulously protected the holy places of all religions and
assured free access to them. This contrasts strikingly with
Jordan's cruel and unlawful denial of Jewish access to
Jewish holy places and the desecration of Jewish burial
grounds during the Jordanian occupation.
In connection with these points, the NJCRAC stresses
that Israel's determination to never again allow Jerusalem
— as its restored capital — to be divided, does not preclude
negotiations concerning the governance of places holy to
different religions, and other arrangements.