Excerpts from the '1984 Britannica Book of the Year'
Opposing Views on Israel and the West Bank Problem
as an Abiding
to Be Cherished
by All Americans
By SHLOMO AVINERI
(Editor's note: Avineri is professor of political science at the Hebrew Univer-
sity of Jerusalem, a member of Israel's Labor Party and was director general of
the Israel Foreign Ministry in 1976-1977.)
The political debate in Israel about the future of the West Bank and Gaza has been
going on since 1967, when Israel gained control of these areas during the Six-Day War.
With the return of the much larger area of Sinai to Egypt following the Camp David
accords of 1978, the debate about the West Bank and Gaza became even more heated.
These regions, being part of the historical Land of Israel, raise not only strategic and
security issues but also deeply-felt questions of historical identity, religious associations
and traditional symbolism.
To characterize this debate as one between "hawks" and "doves" greatly over-
simplifies the issue, nor does it do justice to the complexity of the problems involved. One
school, roughly representing the position of parties comprising the Likud bloc and its
partners, I would like to call the "territorial" school; the opposite view, mainly repre-
sented by the Labor Party, I would call the "sociological" school.
(Continued on Page 24)
By SHMUEL SCHNITZER
Editor's note: Schnitzer is founder and editor of Maariv, one of Israel's
In the conflict between Israel and the Arab nations that, formally at least, has been
going on since 1948, every known instrument of pacification has been tried, ranging from
local truces negotiated through the good offices of UN observers to a peace treaty
countersigned by a U.S. President. •
Observers in the West do not always realize that the Arab-Israeli war differs in many
ways from the conventional pattern of warfare between nations.
The Arab war against Israel, initiated on the day the Jewish state proclaimed its
independence, was motivated by refusal to recognize the young state's right of existence.
The principal war aim was to wipe out this newly established geopolitical unit. To many
Arabs this still is the goal.
Assurances to the contrary are habitually given by Western statesmen who
interpret Arab intentions. The Arab leaders tend to be more cautious.
UN observers have habitually . absolved the Arab governments of any blame or
(Continued on Page 25)
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Commentary, Page 2
Betrayals in M.E.
Must Lead to
Editorials, Page 4
Copyright sc The Jewish News Publishing Co
VOL. LXXXV, No. 2
17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, MI 48075-4491 424-8833
$18 Per Year: This Issue 40c
March 9, 1984
Battle Lines Are Drawn Over
School Prayer, Court Ruling
Israel Studies Options
for IDF Redeployment
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Premier Yitzhak Shamir held
consultations Wednesday with top ministers, army gener-
als and Foreign Ministry officials on options for a rede-
ployment in south Lebanon. Israel Radio said the decisions
would now be taken "quickly" — in the wake of the
Lebanese abrogation of the Israel-Lebanon agreement ear-
lier this week.
The radio said the army was being requested to submit
concrete options for a new line of deployment to the Cabinet
— possibly in time for its Sunday meeting. The new line,
the radio said, would facilitate a thinning out of Israel's
armed presence in south Lebanon.
In the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Com-
mittee, Chief of Staff Moshe Levy said there were "no
miracle solutions in Lebanon," either to the terrorist
threat or to the potential Syrian strategic threat. He
said a quick withdrawal to the international border —
as the Labor Alignment is advocating with increasing
firmness and urgency — would not solve Israel's
Levy disclosed that some 2,000 PLO terrorists had by
now infiltrated back into Beirut. He spoke with satisfaction
of the "understanding" which Israel had with Druze and
(Continued on Page 6)
WASHINGTON — Sen. Lowell Weicker (R-Conn.)• led the opposition in the
U.S. Senate this week as the battle lines were drawn during the opening of debate
on a Reagan Administration-backed Constitutional amendment that would per-
mit prayer in the public schools.
Weicker told the Senate that he would not filibuster, but that the debate could
be drawn out until June. "If a prayer is offered in the Senate, I can walk out,"
Weicker said. "A child cannot do the same if prayer is offered in school."
Passage of the amendment would require a two-thirds vote in both the Senate
and House. Michigan offices of Senators Carl Levin and Donald Riegle reported
this week that telephone calls and letters were running better than 90 percent in
favor of allowing school prayer.
The debate opened in the wake of a 5-4 U.S. Supreme Court decision
upholding the inclusion of a Christmas nativity scene in a city-owned
Christmas display in Pawtucket, R.I.
President Reagan made a strong appeal again Tuesday for a Constitutional
amendment that would "allow voluntary vocal prayer" in public schools.
"I'm convinced that passage of this amendment would do more than any other action to reassert the
faith and values that made America great," Reagan said in a speech to the 42nd annual convention of the
National Association of Evangelicals in Columbus, Ohio.
Reagan, who has made the school prayer amendment a major issue of his campaign for re-election,
urged the evangelicals to express their support to members of the Senate and House.
Reagan stressed that his amendment "explicitly states that no child must ever be forced to
recite a prayer. Nor would it allow any state to compose the words of a prayer. But\ under this
amendment, the federal governMent could not forbid voluntary vocal prayer in our schools. And
by reasserting our children's freedom of religious expression, the amendment would help them to
understand the diversity of America's religious beliefs and practices," Reagan said.
(Continued on Page 10)
Campaign Seeks Record Total to Meet Urgent Needs
By ALAN HITSKY
The Detroit Jewish community is within reach of a record total for its 1984 Allied Jewish Campaign if
volunteer workers can maintain their early pace over the final 36 days.
Some 250 volunteers who gathered at Adat Shalom Synagogue on Sunday were told that their efforts
so far had achieved a 24 percent increase. The same 8,400 contributors who pledged $11,856,750 in 1983
have pledged $14,668,064 this year. Some 10,800 contributors remain to be contacted before the Campaign
ends April 12.
While Campaign leaders were exuberant over the record pace, they cautioned that the needs this
year are extremely urgent. Jewish Welfare Federation President Joel Tauber talked of the number of
Jewish unemployed in Detroit and the shortage of staff at Jewish Vocational Service.
He mentioned anti-Semitism on the national scene as represented in remarks by Presidential
candidate Jesse Jackson and the 'omment of a member of the Canadian parliament who recently
said that Jews inflated the total of Holocaust victims in order to gain sympathy.
"Thank God we have the financial power to respond to these kinds of actions. wherever and whenever
they occur," Tauber said. He added that Israel is always blamed for the problems in Lebanon; West
Germany is planning to sell the world's finest tanks and other weapons to Saudi Arabia, and the United
States wants to train a Jordanian strike force.
"Here in Detroit we have always been able to respond to these kinds of problems," Tauber said, and he
(Continued on Page 7)
Actress Tovah Feldshuh, guest speaker for the 1984 Allied
Jewish Campaign, is shown with, from left, program partici-
pants Joseph and Graham Orley, Wayne Feinstein, Jack Robin-
son and Joel Tauber.