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December 23, 1983 - Image 20

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-12-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

20 Friday, December 23, 1983

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

CJF Review

LOW PRICES
EVERYDAY!

GAYNORS

ORCHARD PLAZA
ORCHARD LAKE RD.
S. OF 14 MILE

NEW YORK (JTA) --
The Council of Jewish Fed-
erations has begun publica-
tion of a quarterly "CJF
Endowment Review."

Chief Rabbis Still Feeling Their Way

By DAVID HOROVITZ

World Zionist Press Service

JERUSALEM — Neither
of Israel's two chief rabbis,
4t * * * * * * * * * * *
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appointed in March of this
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Both Rabbi Mordechai
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Eliahu and Rabbi Avraham
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prominent public per-
sonalities, either to remain
in office, or at least to stand
for re-election.
Due in no small part to
Justice Minister Moshe
Nissim's resistance, the law
remained unchanged, the
outgoing chief rabbis vac-
ated the arena and elections
took place. The new chief
rabbis were thus appointed
to office. It was truly the end
of an era.
Both of the new chief-rab-
bis were born in
Jerusalem's Old City —
Sephardi Chief Rabbi

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RABBI

IM

AVRAHAM SHAPIRO

The two rabbis are both
still coming to terms with
their positions, and to date
have been reluctant to stick
their necks out as regards
any political questions but
on religious matters they
are uncompromising — on
the High Holydays they
warned against attending
any but an Orthodox syna-
gogue approved by them.
Although both the new
chief rabbis were said to
have been the favored can-
didates of the National
Religious Party, they seem
keen to stay away from
party politics, at least in
their initial period of office.
While both believe firmly
that Judea and Samaria are
an integral part of the Land
of Israel and should belong
to the Jewish people,
neither seems interested in
taking initiatives involving
political decisions concern-
ing the territories.
They share the same
opinion as regards a
Jewish presence on the
Temple Mount — citing
the Rambam ruling, they
regard the site as holy
and say Jews are forbid-

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Eliahu 55, and Ashkenazi
head Rabbi Shapiro 65
years ago. Eliahu, the son of
a businessman turned
Torah student studied in a
Talmud Torah from a very
young age. His studies did
not stop when his father
died. He continued studying
during the day, while tak-
ing odd jobs at night to help
his mother support the fam-
ily.
Shapiro, too, followed a
life of study, coming from
a long line of religious
Jerusalemites.
His
grandfather,
Rabbi
Yaacov Leib Levy, was
head of the first
Ashkenazi rabbinical
court in the capital.
Eliahu's family moved
out of the Old City during
the War of Independence,
with the rabbi finally wind-
ing up in Beersheva where
he was appointed a judge at
the religious court. His next
post was as a Jerusalem
regional dayan (judge), and
12 years ago he was ap-
pointed to the Rabbinical
High Court. Shapiro, too,
has followed a life of study.
After 30 years at the Mer-
kaz Harav Yeshiva, Shapiro
became the head of this im-
portant educational institu-
tion last year.

*al 71r12.
S4

RABBI ELIAHU

den to ascend the mount.
This view is of course
strongly opposed by ex-
tremist elements who are
interested in challenging
the status quo through
provocative action de-
signed to prove Jewish
rights as against Muslim

claims in the area.

The most striking im-
pression one gets from the
two men is their approcha-
bility. Eliahu still spends
vast amounts of his time an-
swering simple questions of
Halakha (religious law)
from Jews up and down the
country. He adds that in his
position he has a choice — to -
wait for people to come to
him or to go out and meet
them himself. He chooses to
go to them, stating he in-
tends to visit settlements,
moshavim and kibutzim —
religious and non-religious
— and not just for brief one-
time visits. He aims to per-
suade non-religious settle-
ments to at least arrange for
a local rabbi to come visit
them regularly.
Shapiro, too, speaks no ill
of the non-religious. "Even
rabbis don't observe all the
commandments," he ob-
serves, stressing that every
Jew observes some mitzvot.

No Syrian War?

TEL AVIV (ZINS) — The
newspaper Yediot Ahronot
believes that Syria will not
now initiate a war with Is-
rael because she is still
weaker than Israel in mili-
tary strength and because
her supporter, the Soviet
Union, is unstable at the
moment because of Yuri
Andropov's illness.
On the other hand, the
newspaper did not rule out
war because of the "excita-
ble impulses" of Syria's
President Assad.

ZOA ACTION GUIDELINES

."He who controls the heights of Judea and Samaria, controls Israel". .

In the Yom Kippur War of 1973, Jordan—faced with the prospect of
fighting across the Jordan Valley and up the Israeli held Samarian
and Judean mountains—chose to sit out that war. But had Jordan

retained control of that territory and had it joined the Egyptian-Syrian
attack, Israel might not exist today. Jordanian tanks would have cut
the country in two along the ten mile wide coastal strip.

"Given modern technology and advances in warfare,
he who controls the heights of Judea and Samaria, controls Israel." Ben
Israrti v1= a ,Zra ntsC sVrs= d.

ZIONIST ORGANIZATION OF AMERICA

METRO DETR OIT MDISTRICT
18451 W. 10 ILE
SOUTHFIELD, MI 48075

569-1515

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