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December 16, 1983 - Image 20

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-12-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

20 Friday, December 16, 1903

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

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1983
CITY TAXES

All 1983 City of Detroit Second-Half

Tax Bills Have Been Mailed
ALL REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX BILLS FOR
THE CITY OF DETROIT have been mailed. If you have
failed to receive a tax statement, please request a dupli-
cate by mail or in person at Room 136 City-County
Building, Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. until
4:30 p.m. Interest and Penalty charges must be added if
not paid by January 17, 1984 (January 15, holiday).
Failure to receive a bill will not defer the accrual of
Interest and Penalty. Kindly include Ward and Item
Number when requesting bills by mail. You may also
request duplicate bills via the telephone.
Tax Information — 224-3560
SECOND HALF DUE
January 15, 1984
Stanley Gruszkowski
Treasurer
City of Detroit

Feelings Targets of Israeli Media Censors

NEW YORK (JTA) — A
study just released here
charges that "pervasive" Is-
raeli censorshop of Arab
publications on the West
Bank is not aimed only at
breaches of security but
primarily "to eradicate ex-
pressions that could foster
Palestinian nationalist feel-
ings" or deny "Israeli na-
tional legitimacy."
The study, sponsored by
the New York-based Fund
for Free Expression, was
undertaken by Meron Ben-
venisti, a former deputy
mayor of Jeruslaem and
currently director of the
West Bank Data Base Proj-
ect.
The Fund for Free Ex-
pression is a voluntary
non-governmental body
which also maintains the
Helsinki Watch and the
American Watch. It is not
affiliated with the
Washington-based Com-
mission on Security and
Cooperation in Europe
which monitors compliance
with the human rights pro-
visions of the Helsinki Final
Act.
The 167-page study

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notes that Israeli censor-
ship "mirrors the larger
struggle between Pales-
tinians and Israeli's in
which "both sides view
words and ideas as pow-
erful weapons."

According to Benvenisti,
"Israeli censors attempt to
prevent the publication not
only of the supposed na-

tional security secrets and
the ideological tracts that
are the targets of censors
everywhere; nor is such
censorship the main point,"
the study observes.
"Rather, the primary con-
cern is to eradicate expres-
sion that could foster Pales-
tinian nationalist feelings,
or that suggests that Pales-
tinians are a nation with a
national heritage. Con-
comitantly, expression de-
nying Israeli national
legitimacy, or imputing be-
havior to Israeli officials
that suggest illegitimacy, is
eliminated by the censor."

As examples of censor-
ship aimed at denying
Palestinian national ex-
pression, the study notes
that Israel censors prohibit
such items as a death notice
for a Palestinian which as-
serts that a family "in the
homeland and the Diaspora
mourns" his passing.
Also prohibited are
items reporting that
neighbors "distributed
gifts to the mothers of
martyrs" and helped re-
build "a home which was
destroyed by Israeli
authorities."
Benvenisti says censor-
ship rules out even a line in
an Arab newspaper report-
ing that "the Israeli
authorities released the day
before yesterday three resi-
dents from Arrabeh in the
Jenin district." That line
indicates that Israel main-
tains its control over the
occupied territories by coer-
cive measures and thereby
could be thought to deny the
legitimacy of the occupa-
tion, the study notes.
But, Venvenisti reports,
Arab editors play what they
themselves describe as "a

game of cat and mouse with
the censor." According to
the study, "The Arab press
attempts to assert that
which the censors would
prohibit." It is a "mobilized"
press and "Arab editors,
with no exceptions but with
varied emphasis attempt to
express Palestinian nation-
hood and to question Israeli
legitimacy."
On the other hand, Is-
raeli censorship "is per-
vasive." Arab editors
must submit to the censor
all material for publica-
tion including photo-
graphs, advertisements
and crossword puzzles.
Of-1,077 items in English
submitted by one news-
paper in 1982, 367 were
prohibited entirely and
another 214 were par-
tially censored. The cen-
sor may close a news-
paper at a moment's
notice, as has been done
frequently, Benvenisti
asserts.
His study also deals with
book censorship. While at
present no well known work
of literature is prohibited on
the West Bank, the list of
prohibited books "includes
every work that expresses
or that arouses Palestinian
national feelings." This em-

braces more than 1,600 ti-
tles, the study reported.
There was no immediate re-
sponse from Israeli officials
to this study.

.1 49

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Israeli Security
Hits Terrorists

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Three houses in the West
Bank occupied by Arabs
who had confessed to ter-
rorist activities against
Jews which resulted in
deaths were demolished by
Israeli security forces.
Another three houses be-
longing to Arabs who con-
fessed to terrorist activities
but which did not lead to
loss of lives were sealed off.
Among the houses de-
stroyed were those of the al-
leged murderers of yeshiva
student Aharon Gross in
Hebron la.st July.

Hammer OK

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Edu-
cation Minister Zevulun
Hammer, who suffered a
heart attack two weeks ago,
has been discharged from
the Sheba Hospital in Tel
Hashomer.

Five Generations
of Experience

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