as a Symbol
of the Nuclear
END OF DAYS
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Commentary, Page 2
for Era of
Editorial, Page 4
Copyright © The Jewish News Publishing Co.
VOL. LXXXIV, No. 14
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December 2, 1983
Shamir Labels U.S. Support
for Israel a Mideast Bargain
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Israeli Premier Yit-
zhak Shamir stressed Wednesday that the United
States support for Israel is a bargain" in return for
the benefits to the U.S. interests in the Middle East.
Shamir, who concluded his three-day visit to
Washington, made this statement in response to a
question at a National Press Club luncheon in which
he was asked what Israel gives in return for what it
takes from the U.S.
"The relationship between the United States and
Israel is not based on a quid pro quo or a basis of give
and take," he replied. "We have common interests,
common goals, political goals, moral goals."
If we are supported by the United States it
is because by our existence, by our activities in
the. Middle East, we are supporting also the
American interests, the interests of the Free
World and the interests of humanity and democ-
racy all over the world."
Shamir suggested that the audience compare the should have prevented the two countries from
amount the U.S. spends in Europe with what it agreeing Tuesday to fuller cooperation in the
spends in Israel. "American support for Israel from Mideast, including a joint military-Political
the point of view of American interests is.a bargain," Committee.
"It's normal to have differences," he said. "Aren't
The premier, who had two days of talks with there differences between the United States and
President Reagan on Monday and Tuesday, said, "I many NATO countries? It's normal." But he said
will never complain about the past" in relation to these differences should not prevent the two coun-
U.S. policy. "We know that the support of the Ameri- tries from strengthening and deepening the ties in .
can people for Israel doesn't depend on political condi- areas where they are in agreement.
tions" and is independent of the various political de-
Shamir said that the settlement issue has been
cisions of the U.S. government.
"very exaggerated." He stressed that the U.S. has
"I feel in the United States always like at home, stated that Jews should be allowed to settle anywhere
like among friends," Shamir said. He added that in in the land of Israel including Samaria, Judea and
Israel the special relationship with the U.S. "is not a Gaza and that the settlements are not illegal. The
controversial issue" but accepted by all poliitcal par- premier maintained that Israel never committed it-
ties except the Communists. •
self not to build "villages and cities" in any part of
Shamir rejected the view that U.S.-Israeli these areas.
differences over the settlements on the West
."We are committed to negotiate about the politi-
Bank and President Reagan's peace initiative
(Continued on Page 3)
Goldberg Seeks Panel to Judge
Losses of Jews in Arab Lands
LONDON (JTA) — Former United States Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg
called for the creation of an international judical commission to catalogue the losses
suffered by former Jewish inhabitants of Arab countries.
Delivering the keynote address of the three-day second international conference of
the World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries (WOJAC), Goldberg said that a
definitive report, .compiled by leading Jewish and non-Jewish jurists, was essential if
appropriate redress were ever to be made for the dispossession of the former Jewish
populations of the Arab world.
Goldberg, a former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, urged the
conference to speak up for the 6,000 Jews of Syria and the 60,000 Jews in Iran,
who he said were in "virtual house arrest." He added, "For too long your voice
has been silent."
Conference organizers said that about 800,000 Jews lost their homes in Arab coun-
tries, roughly the same number as the Arabs displaced as a result of the Arab-Israeli
conflict. "In both cases those who were uprooted and their descendants number about
(Continued on Page 5)
100th Anniversary of the Poem
The New Colossus' by Lazarus
By DR. DAVID GEFFEN — World Zionist Press Service
(Editor's note: A hundred years ago Emma Lazarus, then 34 years old, wrote
the immortal words which were to be inscribed some 20 years later on the pedestal
of the Statue of Liberty. She died at the age of 38, long before her poem had become
a symbol, for all to see, of her country's ideals.
(But Emma Lazarus also was a lover of her own people's national aspirations
— a Zionist before the word was in common use. A major advocate of the Jewish
national cause, she would have been less than 50 years old when Herzl convened
the first World Zionist Congress.
(Though her writings and translations on Jewish and Zionist affairs were
considerable, her sister prohibited the inclusion of "anything Jewish" in her
collected writings of 1889.)
yearninY to breathe
Yeftise of your teetnin shc)re
the Ii cat's tempest,tost, to me,
The spirit is not dead, proclaim the word
Where lay dead bones, a host of armed men stand
I open the graves, my people, saith the Lord
And I shall place you living in your Promised Land!
These words by an American Jewish poetess called Emma Lazarus reflect her concern
for the return of the Jewish people to its ancestral homeland. Yet Emma Lazarus is far
better known for the verses she wrote in 1883 in tribute to the Statue of Liberty, verses
which are inscribed at the base of that well-known symbol situated on Bedloes Island in the
New York harbor.
Emma Lazarus, an American poetess of liberty, was deeply Zionistic in the last decade
(Continued on Page 7)