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November 25, 1983 - Image 22

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-11-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

22 Friday, November 25, 1983

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Tyre Bombing
Victim Dies

DIAMONDS

TEL AVIV (JTA) — A
Druze border policeman in-
jured in the Nov. 4 car-bomb
attack on Israeli military
headquarters in Tyre
died of his wounds last
week, raising the death toll
among Israeli military per-
sonnel to 29.

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The terrorist attack also
took the lives of 31
Lebanese civilians who
were being detained for in-
terrogation at the time.

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Self-Hating of Boris Pasternak
Marked in Hingley's Biography

"Doctor Zhivago" re-
mains one of the sensational
themes in literature and
movies. The book is read,
the motion picture presents
the very controversial
theme which gave attention
to the Russian manipula-
tive power. It is often re-
peated on screen and televi-
sion.
The author gains re-
newed fame in a most im-
portant biography, "Pas-
ternak," a biography by
Ronald Hingley (Knopf).
Hingley, an Oxford Uni-
versity lecturer on Russian
literature, enriches know-
ledge about the era of the
Pasternaks, on the Russian
Revolution, and conflicts
that ensued and the per-
sonalities who dominated.
Boris Pasternak is de-
picted as the eminent
novelist and as the poet of
merit.

The Jewish reader will
miss the interest his
father had in Jewish af-
fairs and in Zionism.
Leonid Pasternak was an
eminent painter and
among his subjects was
Dr. Chaim Weizmann,
first president of Israel.
The Pasternak art in-
cluded a painting of
Weizmann.

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"Ivinskaya says that
Pasternak's racial
origins were a sore
point with him. He was
not embarrassed to be a
Jew, but he was at a loss
what to do or say 'when it
transpired that his
Jewish descent was
never forgotten or forgi-
ven,' despite the fact that
he was 'in spirit a pro-
foundly Russian poet.'

"This helps to explain his
immunity during the anti-
cosmopolitan period.
Strongly infused with
generalized anti-Semitism
though the campaign was, it
was directed more against
those Russian Jews who
considered themselves
Jewish than against those
who considered themselves
Russian."

Cohen-Orgad May Allow
Interim COLA Payments

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Finance Minister Yigal
Cohen-Orgad says he may
agree to a Histadrut de-
mand for an interim cost-
of-living allowance pay-
ment in the next few weeks
to compensate wage-
earners for the sharp rise of
Aleksander Gladkov, inflation which wiped out
the playwright friend of their previous COL incre-
Pasternak, is referred to as ment. The next regular
having been told by Paster- payment is not due until
nak that he believed in total January 1984.
Nevertheless, the finance
assimilation as a boon for
minister, in a recent televi-
Jews.
Hingley's comments on sion interview, painted a
Pasternak as a Jew are ex- gloomy picture of the
ceedingly interesting. He economy for the immediate
defined the Jewish at- future.
"Private income and
titudes of the author of
"Doctor Zhivago" as follows: standards of living will go
"Though Pasternak down. To our regret, real
was a Jew, the anti- salaries will have to fall by
cosmopolitan campaign some 10 percent during
was less of a threat to him 1984," he said. He alsopre-
dicted "pockets of un-
employment" because of
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"But his own culture was
no more and no less per-
meated by Jewish tradition
than might be expected of
any educated gentile, and
he often went out of his way
to deplore what he consi-
dered Jewish culture exclu-
siveness. He has forcibly
expressed that point of view
several times in 'Doctor
Zhivago,' for which reason
the Zionist leader David
Ben-Gurion has condemned
the novel as 'one of the most
despicable books about
Jews ever to be written by
anyone of Jewish origin.'
"Pasternak once told
Gladkov that he believed
total assimilation to be the
greatest boon available to
the Jews. 'Personally I only
feel at home in Russian cul-
ture.' He freely admitted
that he had Jewish blood in

his veins, yet claimed that
nothing was more alien to
him
than
Jewish
nationalism,
'except,
perhaps
Russian
chauvinism.' The reserva-
tion puts the matter in
perspective.

Hingley does take into ac-
count the anti-Semitic
trends in Russia. Boris Pas-
ternak is depicted as one
who, conceding his Jewish-
ness, deplored "Jewish exc-
lusiveness" and was critical
of Jews.

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than might be assumed,
since his attitude to
Jewish culture was far
from enthusiastic. That
he would never have
supported the persecu-
tion of Jews, or of anyone
else, need not be said.

MERCURY

Cohen-Orgad said his
first economic priority
will be to reduce Israel's
widening balance of
payments gap which, if
accomplished, he main-
tained, would result in "a
very gradual" decrease
of inflation.

But MK Adi Amorai,
chairman of the Labor
Alignment caucus in the
Knesset's Finance Commit-
tee, took sharp issue with
Cohen-Orgad's priorities
which he characterized as
"fighting yesterday's bat-
tles instead of tomorrow's."
Amorai agreed with other
critics of the government's
economic policies that the
danger of "hyper-
stagflation" (economic
stagnation occupied with
high inflation) was too great
to concentrate on the ba-
lance of payments.

/11111.,

COHEN-ORGAD

Former Finance Minister
Yigael Hurwitz said the
sharp rise in the cost-of-
living index — 21.1 percent
last month — ushered in the
economic crisis he had
warned against so often in
the past.

There was also a dis-
pute over the extent of
anticipated unemploy-
ment. While some sources
are predicting at least
100,000 jobless, Cohen-
Orgad believes the figure
will not go much above
18,000 Israelis because
the lay-offs will affect
many of the 80,000 Arab
day-workers from the oc-
cupied territories.

According to Labor
Ministry figures, there are
no signs as yet of un-
employment among the
West Bank workers. Last
month, employment agen-
cies in the territory were
able to fill only 30 percent of
the job openings offered by
Israeli firms.

Soldier Killed

TEL AVIV (JTA) — An
Israeli soldier was killed
and six others were
wounded when an explosive
charge detonated near their
convoy as it was moving on
a road in the outskirts of
Sidon in south Lebanon.

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