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September 16, 1983 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-09-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Friday, September 16, 1983 11

Menahem Begin Submits His Reignation as Prime Minister

(Continued from Page 1)
quent consultations.
Shamir, elected to suc-
ceed Begin as leader of
Likud, has obtained the
agreement of the coalition
parties to support him as
the next premier. Herzog is
expected to ask him to form
a new government as soon
as Begin's resignation is in
hand. Sources said Wednes-
day that Begin delayed
his visit to Herzog because
he does not feel well enough
to face the massive media
attention that would follow

his formal act of resigna- ditioned their support for
Shamir on serious efforts by
Meanwhile, Shamir has him to draw the Laborites
promised to approach the into a national government.
opposition Labor Align- Shamir said he would make
ment to join in a national every effort, but that if
unity government. Shamir Labor refused, the present
made that pledge after coalition would be reconsti-
Likud's coalition partners tuted with no changes
signed an agreement to whatever in policy or per-
support him as the. next sonnel, at least for the time
prime minister of Israel.
Shamir also indicated
Four members of Likud's
Liberal Party wing and two that he intends to serve as
independent coalition MKs both premier and foreign
— Yigael Hurwitz and Mor- • minister, his current office.
Likud negotiators and
dehai Ben-Porat — con-

representatives of the
Aguda Israel party insisted
that the agreement they
reached incorporated no
new demands by the Or-
thodox faction but simply a
promose to implement
speedily the religious legis-
lation to which the outgoing
coalition was pledged.
But some Liberal Party
members of Likud have
made it clear that they will
not support the "Who is a
Jew?" amendment to the
Law of Return or the severe
restrictions on archeologi-

Circassians: Loyal Israelis Study' ng Hebrew

high schools.
and the Circassian pupils. from the Caucasian
The director of the school Young Circassians can even Mountains because they
in Kama village, Daud curse in Hebrew.
were persecuted by the
TEL AVIV — There are Nabassa, sent a proposal to
They know the language Russians. Many
more than 2,500 Circas-
well and at home they often thousands arrived in the
sians living in Israel in Re- Education Ministry in the talk with their parents in Middle East. In Palestine
hania, in Upper Galilee, northern district, Josef Hebrew instead of Circas- they established three
and Kafr Kama, in Lower Levy, change the school sian. Some read Hebrew
Circassian villages, how-
Galilee. They have prob- system for the Circassian newspapers, listen to He- ever the one in Samaria
lems with education. Until community. After studying brew broadcasts and watch near Karkur was later
now, their schools were the proposal Levy discussed Hebrew programs on TV.
disbanded because of
under the control of the the details with Assad
The present school direc- malaria in that region.
Arab Department in the Is- Shabassa, a reserve officer tor, Garkjah Ednan, ex-
After the establishment
raeli Ministry of Education. in the Israeli Army, who is presses satisfaction over the of Israel, many Circassians
Pupils had to study four teaching agriculture in Re- progress in the Circassian moved to Israeli cities. Dur-
languages: Circassian, hania village.
schools. He noted that be- ing Israel's War of Indepen-
Shabassa, who has fore the introduction of the dence, many of them volun-
Arabic, Hebrew and
studied in the Hebrew Hebrew education pro- teered for service in the Is-
But the Circassians can- Teachers Seminary in gram, the local young reali Army. In 1958, they
not integrate the general Beersheva, argued for people were depressed and demanded that the compul-
Arab culture and tradition. many years that the Cir- afraid that they could not sory army service be ex-
They came to Eretz Israel in cassians are torn be- continue with studies and tended to them. This was
the second half of the past tween two worlds, being would have no hope of find- . accepted and the late Prime
century from the Caucasian a minority in the Moslem ing suitable jobs. Now the Minister David Ben-Gurion
Mountains, where they had world and a minority in entire, atmosphere has sent a letter of appreciation
Israel. Levy agreed to in- changed. Almost all of the for their loyalty to the state
been persecuted.
The Circassians in Israel troduce some changes in pupils study in high schools, of Israel to the mayor of
serve in the Israeli army the Circassian school some in seminaries and Kama, Abdel Aziz Shogan.
and have proven to be excel- system and in the schools universities.
Although the Circassians
lent and courageous fight- in Kama and Rehania
Circassian teachers, who are trying to adapt them-
ers. But because of the diffi- there are Circassian and at first had doubts, are selves to the culture and
culties with four languages Jewish teachers.
today fully convinced that standards of the Israeli
Today the situation in the the change was indeed a population, they develop
many are not accepted into
Circassian schools has very good thing. The walls certain national tendencies
changed. Jewish teachers in the classrooms in the according to their own tra-
Hanna Zahor and Devora kindergartens and in the dition.
Mashdamat, who are teach- schools are full of Hebrew
The young ones are
ing Hebrew in Jewish and and Circassian posters and searching for their roots and
Circassian schools, told us drawings. The children play are even trying to renew for
that now there is no dif- and sing in Hebrew, their themselves the Circassian
ference between the Jewish names are in Hebrew and language which had been
the teaching is in the He- forgotten. They are singing
national songs and studying
brew language.
One has the impression their own folklore. They
the Circassians are Sun- want to come back to their
Dec. -22nd-Jan. 1st
nite Moslems, not Arabs. national identity and pub-
In the 19th Century, lish a newspaper to be called
many Circassians fled "Circass."


The Jewish News Special
Israel Correspondent



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Babi Yar Park in Denver

DENVER— Plans for the
formal opening of a 27-acre
Babi Yar Park to com-
memorate the World War II
atrocity near Kiev, USSR,
where some 200,000 Jews,
Ukrainians and other
ethnic groups were sys-
tematically murdered by
Nazi SS extermination un-
its, have been announced
for Oct. 2.
The park has been in the
planning stages since 1971
when the Babi Yar Park
Foundation was formed to
plan and fund the park.
Park features include a
"talking monument" and
the People Place amphi-
The centerpiece of the
park is a six-pointed Star of
David, formed by a series of
paths cut through native
grasses..Three points of the
star terminate in memorial
elements which tell the

story of Babi Yar in poetic
prose. Rabbi Raymond A.
Zwerin of Temple Sinai,
Denver, wrote the inscrip-
tions for all monuments in
the park.
The Grove of Remembr-
ance is a formal planting of
100 flowering crabapple
trees. Centered in the grove,
at the point of the star, is a
granite stone from which a
spring will flow into the
surrounding area.

Israel Modifies
Egyptian Tanks

fense Update Interna-
tional" says that Israel has
agreed to assist Egypt in
modifying Russian-built
tanks in the Egyptian
armed forces.
The magazine noted that
the Israelis have considera-
ble experience in this area.

cal digs demanded by the
In New York, Rabbi Ale-
xander Schindler, president
of the Union of American
Hebrew Congregations
(UAHC), has called on
Shamir "not to yield to the
demand of the Aguda
Party" for a change in Is-
rael's Law of Return that
would hold invalid all con-
versions made by Conserva-
tive and Reform rabbis.
Schindler said in a let-
ter to the newly-elected
leader of the Herut Party,
that non-Orthodox Jews
"constitute the over-
whelming majority of
American and world
Jewry. The proposed
change would in effect
rule us all out of the
Jewish fold and would
shatter that unity which
is essential to our survi-

The American Reform
Jewish leader recalled that
Begin, "while personally-
sympathetic to a more tra-
ditional point of view,
nevertheless always under-
stood that the. passage of
such a law would plunge the
Jewish world into a kultur-
kampf whose only result
would be national suicide."
For this reason, Schindler
continued, "as prime minis-
ter, Mr. Begin always in-

sisted that this matter
never be subject to party
discipline. As a conse-
quence, the effort always
proved abortive. When
Knesset members were
-permitted to vote as their
conscience dictated, they re-
jected any change in the
Law of Return.
"I beg you not to make
Jewish unity a bargaining
chip on the table of political





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