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August 05, 1983 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-08-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

2 Friday, August 5, 1983

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Purely Commentary

Self-Sanctification Doesn't
Justify Terror and Taking
the Law Into One's Hands

A terrible thing happened in Hebron. Insaned vig-
ilantes took the law in their own hands and committed
murder.
There has been a lot of self-sanctification in Israel by
extremists who made claims to an historic inheritance
which, they maintained, gave them a legacy to dominate.
As long as they made such claims verbally, without resort-
ing to destructive weapons, it was legitimate. If they were
responsible to the murder of three Arab students, then such
an act merits the extremest legal punishment.
This is not intended to judge or prejudge the investiga-
tion launched by Israel into the dastardly act. It must be
assumed that the guilty will be punished, and they will
hopefully be apprehended. What is judged here is the ex-
tremism that could lead to terrorism. There can be no
legitimate resort to terrorist acts such as have been com-
mitted against Israelis and Jews without condemning simi-
lar actions if they should be committed by Jews.
A people that is on record opposing capital punishment
cannot, under any circumstance, condone vigilante law-
breaking by those assuming to act as an illegal court of law.
There are no duplicities in ethical practices — of being on
the record as a people from the First Century of the Com-
mon era, in Talmudic times, as opponents of the death
penalty, and then experiencing acts of terror when the
deluded take the law into their own hands and resort to
vengeance.
It is true that Jews had built a yeshiva in Hebron as far
back as the 16th Century, that it functioned until 1929,
that there was a massacre in that year when Hebron Arabs
murdered more than 60 Jewish students who were engaged
in the study of the Law. A gang of terrorist murderers
committed that horrible crime. The assurance of restoring

The Hebron Tragedy Calls for Severest Punishment,
Treating Terror From All Sources With the Same
Severity, While Striving to Resolve Hebron Miseries

humanism, of correcting the blunders of the past, of wiping
out the hatreds, cannot be achieved by more murders.
Therefore, if what happened in Hebron last week was a
crime committed by Jews, then it merits extremest
punishment and calls for severe condemnation. If it was not
an act by Jews, then the culprits and the cause must be
exposed in their entirety.
Whatever occurs, Hebron will not be abandoned as an
historic right belonging to the Third Jewish Common-
wealth. It retains the sanctity as the burial place of the
Patriarchs. It was the first capital of the Jewish state estab-
lished by King David. It was the center of Jewish learning
for centuries. Therefore, Arab terrorist threats will not
drive Jews out of that sacred area. Differing views, how-
ever, must be resolved negotiably, by Jews and Arabs meet-
ing on a common ground, by living together, incoming Jews
with the Arabs who are determined to remain there.
Therefore the need, in the best interests of all Israel,
that there be a neighborliness that creates a unity of spirit.
Under all circumstances, murder is not to be condoned
and committing it demands severe punishment. The occur-
rence in Hebron is another tragedy in that city's records.

Israel as Policeman?

In the interest of assuring prevention of continuing
brutalities between rival religious factions in Lebanon,
Israeli army chiefs ordered the closing of several Phalan-
gist quarters. The fratricidal Moslem-Christian war and
the earlier tragic occurrences in their ranks for which Is-
rael was and continues to be blamed, undoubtedly com-
pelled such action.
The Phalangists don't like it and Israel, now in a posi-
tion of being the security agent in the area, is the target for
all attacks and condemnations. Little thought is given to
the truth that in the tragic period of Lebanese history in the
last decade the Christian-Moslem war disrupted the peace
and degraded humanism.

By Philip
Slomovitz

Now Israel is the available scapegoat. Is there any
wonder that there are so many increasing demands for
Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon? Indeed, must Israel re-
main in the role of a policeman inthat horrified area of the
Middle East?

Yitzhak Navon on the Scene

On the eve of the can
cellation of the Reagan-
Begin meeting, a poll taken
in Israel showed the Begin
popularity declining from
57 to 40 percent. The poll
showed increased popular-
ity for former Israel
President Yitzhak Navon.
This must be judged as
a good omen. The Labor
alignment is in a state of
disarray and Navon is its
saving grace.
A political change in
the Israel government
being inevitable, it is hear-
YITZHAK NAVON
tening for Israel's friends to
know that a popular figure i s on the horizon.

Whatever the outcome, the future demands a lessening -,
of divisibility, both in Israel and in the Diaspora.
Whatever is at stake, it must never be at the expense of
Israel's sovereignty.

Israel must not be judged as the last rampart, because
the reality of Israel's rebirth must be treated as the inde-
structibility of the Jewish people. Therefore, the con-
tinuing emphasis on the compelling obligation to
unity.

Mount Carmel Center Seeking Solutions to Third World Problems

By HADASSAH BAT HAIM

World Zionist Press Service

What do a home econom-
ics teacher from Sierra
Leone, a Nepalese super-
visor of literacy, a rural
planning officer from
Ghana and a community
organizer from Barbados
have in common?
They were all given leave
from their jobs and met for
the first time at the Mount
Carmel International
Training Center which was
founded in 1961 by the Is-
raeli Association for Inter-
national Cooperation and
the Haifa Municipality.
Although they attend lec-
tures together, eat in the
same dining room, enjoy Is-
raeli home hospitality and
visit settlements and in-
stitutions as a group, the 44
students have special prob-
lems related to the areas of
their own districts and their
differing national customs.
For example, there is
Felton Ince, the commu-
nity organizer from Bar-
,bados. The climate there
is ideal most of the year
and water is abundant so
they could grow almost
all of what they need to
sustain their people. In-
stead, they import costly
products from outside,
and there is a reluctance
on the part of the popula-
tion to work on the land.
On the kibutzim and
moshavim that Ince was
shown, what he admired
most was the members
working with their hands. It
was not just the men and
women in the cotton fields
and vineyards that im-
pressed him, but the sight of
a man pointed out to him as
a Member of Parliament
cheerfully wiping tables in
the dining room and the col-

lege graduates mucking out
the cowsheds.
Ince has returned home to
his task of wooing young
people back to the coun-
tryside, backed by persua-
sive arguments based on his
Israeli experience.
An independent career
woman such as Ms. Nana
Koranreng is more easily
accepted in Ghana than in
many other African coun-
tries. This is because Gha-
nian women have always
played a prominent role in
the country's economy,
mainly as traders, so their
voices could not be ignored.
Ms. Koranreng who left
her country home for
university training, says
that the collectives she
has seen in Israel, and
learned about in depth
during her stay, have
given her the basis for a
series of programs she
will direct at home. The
Israeli model will have to
be modified to suit local
needs, she is certain, but
the advantages are so
obvious that the pilot
projects will be quickly
followed.
A totally different prob-
lem faces Mrs. Louisa
Thomas of Sierra Leone.
Nutritional values, bal-
anced diets and new recipes
are not easy to introduce to
a nation of housewives who
learned their kitchen tech-
niques from the older gen-
eration. As in Israel, she
feels that the process can be
reversed if the mothers are
willing to learn from the
daughters. And if not, at
least the generation she is
now teaching will have a
wider approach to the sci-
ence of nutrition.
A good deal of opposition
to change comes from the

male members of families
who are reluctant to try out
anything they have not
known since childhood. The
women of Sierra Leone are
only now beginning to be
aware of their privileges
and duties as citizens and
many are still timid about
voicing their views in pub-
lic.
The most vivid and
thought-provoking scenes
that Mrs. Thomas will take
back with her are those of
male soldiers of the IDF (Is

rael Defense Forces) taking
orders from women officers
without resentment and
with no feeling that their
manhood is being chal-
lenged.
The enormous area of
Nepal and the poor sys-
tem of communication is
one of the barriers to lit-
eracy that Hareram Pant
is trying to overcome.
The country is moun-
tainous and rural com-
munities may be cut off
completely from the main

stream of government, so
the spread of education
has been very slow.
Pant has been specially
interested in classes for
adults that he has seen here
and he is including his ob-
servations in a manual he is
writing for instructors who
go out into the field. A
school in every village is the
goal, supplemented by extra
tuition for older people who
have never had the chance
to learn to read and write.
Pre-school education is an-

other of his ambitions and
the models that he has seen
here have shown him that it
can be done even in a coun-
try with limited financial
resources.
Back home every student
has become an ambassador
for Israel. They are all able
to refute false and malicious
reports featured in the
media. Whatever their gov-
ernment's policy might be,
this staunch support of Is-
rael at ground roots level
cannot be underestimated.

Technion Prof Paints With the Sun

HAIFA — The paintings
of P.K. Hoenich cannot be
hung from a nail. Their
vivid colors contain no pig-
ment. Although Hoenich
never touches the canvas,
the ethereal images he re-
nders dance before the vie-

wer's eye. P.K. Hoenich
paints his pictures using
sunbeams the way other ar-
tists squeeze acrylics from a
tube.
Hoenich — who teaches
experimental art at the
Technion-Israel Institute of

Technology — fashions his
paintings from sunlight in a
two-step process using re-
flectors and color filters.
Rays from the sun are
twisted and curved by re-
flectors of various sizes and
textures.

Hoenich
has
ex-
perimented with chromed
copper, aluminum foil,
laminated metal, even the
crystal of his wristwatch to
draw his fantastic images.
Then he tints his pictures
with filters made from cel-
lophane or colored gels.

Technion Prof. P.K. Hoenich demonstrates sun-
painting using hand-held reflectors and color gels.

As the sun moves
across the sky, the entire
composition comes to
life. A sunpainting can be
projected onto any sur-
face depending on the
size of the reflectors says
Hoenich. Although
Hoenich's sunpaintings
have covered the inter-
iors of museums in
Jerusalem, Brussels and
Paris, he envisions that
one day his swirling,
kaleidoscopic pictures
will decorate the ex-
teriors of buildings and

monuments. Rows of
giant reflectors could be
built to catch the sun as it
moves across the sky
making. it possible to
drape down squares,
avenues, even the tops of
mountains, in colors of
shimmering iridescence.

"If the reflectors and fil-
ters were permanently
mounted," says Hoenich,
"you would get a six-month
program — from solstice to
solstice — for the projec-
tion." Since the artist can
calculate the exact position
of the sun for every hour of
every day, he could orches-
trate all parts of the image's
movements and changes.

Today's artists are in-
corporating various
technological mediums
into their work, including
electronics, chemistry
and mechanics.

To achieve the brilliant
hues possible with sun-
painting, the artist must
also be familiar with the
subtractive properties of
color.

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