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July 22, 1983 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-07-22

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Friday, July 22, 1983


Attorney At Law
phone 353-1474

Kansas Congressman Meets Refusniks on USSR Tour

(Continued from Page 1)
USSR because they have
Meeting with refuseniks.
been categorized as Among them were:
"enemies of the state." Most
Evgeny Lein, a math-
of us in the delegation, how-
ematician who was impris-
ever, felt that anyone wh(
oned, who is now a stoker in
wanted to see us already a bath house; also tutors a
was in jeopardy and it wa:
bit. Five years ago he
important to let them kno v
applied for a visa to Israel.
we cared about their free
His wife also lost her job. He
earns 60 rubles a month and
Curiously, before we left
pays 50 for rent. He was
London, we were told by supposed to have kicked a
embassy personnel that oil]
military man, but was
refusenik visit in Leningra (
really arrested for helping
was going to be scheduled a
with Jewish history lessons.
the same time as our trip to
He was put in jail before
the Hermitage, one of th(
the trial and spent 61/2
great museums in th (
months in prison. His visa
world. Could this be mer(
was rejected because he was
Custom Laminated Furniture.
coincidence, or could th (
in the army once and
Residential & Commercial
Soviet officials have decide (
authorities said he knew
that fewer members of th (
Graphic Wall Design
state secrets.
delegation would want t c
Abram Kagan, senior
visit with refuseniks so a: 3 researcher in the Soviet
not to miss the Hermitage'
Academy of Sciences,
We shall see.
569 2462 543 0203
applied for a visa in 1977
and maintains his cur-
rent job because of
strong support from
American scientists. This
is an atypical situation.
The Institute of Hyd-
rometereology expelled
his son. Some institutes,
which are less prestigi-
ous, will admit Jews.
Medicine has a very
strong anti-Semetic tra-
Of The Finest Suits
dition here.
Sport Coats & Slacks
Jacob Rabinowitz — his
and children got visas
In The Country!
and left three years ago. His
son is at Brandeis near Bos-
ton, He said the situation
with Jewish people is get-
ting worse. They cannot get
reg. $225-$375
together to talk about
Jewish history; can speak
Hebrew only in a small
SLACKS $55-$65 values
We also met Evgeny
Matskyn, a refusenik who
From $ 295°
has been corresponding
with two of my Kansas con-
stituents, Rick and Betty
Shore in Wichita. An unbe-
lievable coincidence. My
wife and I were invited to
his flat.
After our meeting with
the refuseniks, we had time
Fine Men's Clothes for 48 years.
to visit the Hermitage after
24750 Telegraph at 10
all. It was disheartening to
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Central High School Reunion

Class of '48 - Sept. 28, 1983 - Vladimirs
Ann (Lesnick) Carron, 661-2580; Mary Horwitz, 851-2116



Renoir in various states of
deterioration. Art and Jews
are not treated well here.
On our way out of the
Hermitage, a consulate
official told me that there
is a rapidly growing Bap-
tist movement in the
USSR which is a thorn in
the Soviets' side and may
prove problematic with
the number of growing
minorities in the country.
No matter how they try to
keep religion down, it
seems to have fertile de-
The other interesting
point he made was in de-
scribing the basic difference
between Russia and
America. "In the U.S.," he
said, "it is presumed you can
do whatever you want un-
less you are told not to. In
Russia, you can do nothing,
unless you are told specifi-
cally it is authorized." Quite
a difference.


We went to Evgeny
Matskyn's flat and picked
up a gift for the Shore's son,
who had been Bar Mitzva in
Wichita and was "twinned"
with Matskyn's son.
I began to realize the true
nature of the totalitarian
state. Soviet escorts told the
American Embassy staff
that they were very dis-
turbed that we had seen re-
fuseniks in Leningrad and
they would not guarantee
the safety of American Con-
gressmen if we persisted.
Since we broke no laws; the
American Embassy staffer
said it was typical Soviet
"bull-" and told the Soviet
Official so. He also said,
however, that Embassy per-
sonnel were often harrased
if they cooperated in setting
up refusenik visits. Disturb-
ing, but it did not deter us in
seeing dissidents.
At a reception at the
American Embassy honor-
ing Independence Day, my
wife, Rhoda, met Vladimir,
a concert pianist who had
asked to emigrate. Since
then, he had been
blacklisted. He told us that
KGB agents were all over
the place and that we had to
be careful not to trust any-
thing the Russians said.
There was no question
that we were being watched
at all times and that our
phones were being moni-
tored. Some of my col-
leagues received crank calls
in their hotel rooms, which
we were later told was a way
the KGB could get a voice
track for identification pur-
poses when they would
"bug" us.

Moscow. Kremlin. We
met with members of the
Supreme Soviet. On the
issue of human rights and
Soviet Jewish emigration,
they said only 800 to 2,000
people have applied for exist
visas. They said there were
no human rights failures in
the USSR.
Then they counterat-
tacked with an amazing
barrage: poverty and crime
in the U.S., Martin Luther
King's death, Ethel and
Julius Rosenberg, two mil-
lion homeless in the U.S.
We reacted forcefully on
these and other issues, such
as the newly formed Anti-
Zionist Committee, Poland
and Afghanistan.


We met with the Soviets
in smaller sessions on trade
and economics. After these
sessions, we had lunch in
the Kremlin palace once
occupied by the Czars. Icons
and original Byzantine
church art are all over the
place. It is ironic how much
church art and how many
beautiful Byzantine
churches dominate the
Kremlin and Moscow. Most
of the churches are closed
In the Kremlin you see so
many evidences of the Or-
thodox Church. I asked why
the religious artifacts and
symbols had not been de-
stroyed when the Com-
munists took over. It was
explained that it is all tied
up with Russian
nationalism and history.
We visited Lev, a Soviet
refusenik. It was very de-
pressing. He divorced his
wife several years ago just
so she could get to the U.S.
His children and
grandchildren now live in
the U.S. He has applied 19
times to leave Russia. He
served us tea and cookies
. . .
Tonight was a cloak-
and-dagger operation.
Instead of going to the
ballet, we drove way out
to the Moscow suburbs to
see two more refuseniks,
Sonia and Leonid, young
(mid 30s) and very intelli-
gent people. They talked

in great depth about their
despair at not being able
to leave.
The argued that while it
is important for Americans
to write letters to them and
otherwise demonstrate pub-
lic support for Soviet Jewry,
the Soviets are not likely to
let the thousands of Jews
leave and go to Israel or the
U.S. until general relations
improve between the US
and USSR. They were de-
lighted that a high-level
delegation of Americans
were actually talking to the
Soviet leadership in the
And while they urged
that the content of our talks
be strong and direct on the
subject of human rights,
they also asked us to con-
tinue face to face, bilateral
talks, even if no agreements
were reached in these first
meetings. The last three or
four years of American-
Soviet relationships, they
said, had produced very lit-
tle progress for the hun-
dreds of thousands who
wanted to leave, and a
change was needed.


Tomorrow we go to Soviet
Armenia and then home.
It's hard to sleep. The re-
fuseniks keep going
through my mind. Each one.
The courage and despair,
the devotion and fear. And
the hope. There is — no
matter how faint — hope.
There's also my anger. I feel
such anger.
(Editor's note: Con-
gressman Glickman's
wife, former Detroiter
Rhoda Yura, is the sister
of Mrs. Emery (Diane)
Klein. Their parents are
Mr. and Mrs. Sam Yura of
Farmington Hills. Mrs.
Klein is president of the
Metropolitan Detroit
Chapter of Hadassah and
her husband is active in
many Jewish causes.
(Glickman represents
Kansas' Fourth District,
which includes the city of
Wichita and four rural
counties. A Wichita Attor-
ney, he had served a term as
president of the Wichita
school board when he was
first elected to Congress in

U.S. Maps Differentiate WB,
Gaza from Jordan and Israel

The State Department has
finally pinned down its offi-
cial policy on United States
government maps that
show the West Bank and
Gaza Strip. The new maps
that will be used by all U.S.
government agencies will
show the areas in different
colors than Jordan and Is-
For years, U.S. maps have
shown the West Bank as
part of Jordan. Martin Mil-
ler, a Washington area resi-
dent, long complained about
this to the State Depart-
ment and when he received
no satisfaction, he enlisted
the aid of his Congressman,
Rep. Michael Barnes (D-
In March, the Depart-

ment of State Bulletin
showed a new map which
included a series of dashes
separating the West Bank
from Jordan.
But in an announce-
ment to the press, the de-
partment said that, from
now on, all maps which
include the West Bank
and Gaza will show them
in a different color from
Israel and Jordan and
"bear the legend 'Israel-
occupied' and 'status to
be determined.' "
The department noted
that a_ memorandum with
the new maps stresses that
they reflect U.S. policy in
the Middle East.

Moses had only one
brother, Aaron.

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