THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 27th day of Tammuz, 5743,
the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues-
Pentateuchal portion, Numbers 30:2-36:13.
Prophetical portion, Jeremiah 2:4-28, 3:4.
Monday, Rosh Hodesh Av, Numbers 28:1-15
Candlelighting, Friday, July 8, 8:51 p.m.
VOL. LXXXIII, No. 19
Friday, July 8, 1983
USSR vs • HUMAN RIGHTS
Virtual shutting of the Russian doors to t he
"(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of
hundreds • of thousands desiring to leave t he his nationality nor denied the right to change
country they view as their persecutor h as his nationality."
aroused renewed protests in liberal world ci r- The continuing persecutions, the shutting
Iles. Protesting actions are planned in bo th of Russian doors to those seeking asylum in
houses of the U.S. Congress, and the flaunti ng environments of freedom and humanism, com-
of human rights principles has again call ed pel widest distribution of the UN document and
forth wide condemnations.
a call to the civilized world to demand fulle
It is the abuses of ideals formulated with adherence to the ideals formulated by the world
the consenting participation of the Soviet Union organization 35 years ago.
that has induced much of the protesting: The
Adoption by the U.S. Senate of a resolutio n
Soviet Union had something to do with the
introduced by Senator Carl Levin, urging th at
framing of the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights which was adopted by the United Na- Ida Nudel, who has reached her 50th birthda y,
be permitted to leave for Israel and to rejoin he r
tions Dec. 10, 1948. In that historic statement
there is emphasis on people's rights to seek citi- sister there is one indication of widenin g
zenship outside their native lands, to emigrate concern over the Russian restrictions. Id a
Nudel has suffered imprisonment in Siberia fo r
if and when they choose, everyone having the
12 years and since her_exile had continuall
right to seek asylum wherever chosen. The por-
tion of the Declaration of Human Rights relat- been denied requests for visas to leave the coun -
try she views as her persecutor. Her experience s
ing to such rights states:
apply to the tens of thousands who request per
"Article 13. (1) Everyone has the right to
freedom of movement and residence within the mission to leave the Soviet Union, contrary to
denials, and are major among the oppressions
borders of each state.
"(2) Everyone has the right to leave any recorded in current history.
country, including his own, and to return to his
Thus the demands for restoration of an
open-door policy is a call to action for adherence
"Article 14 (1) Everyone has the right to
to a universal principle. The restrictive forces
seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum
merit widest condemnation and it is evident
that the USSR defiance of the very ideas calling
"(2) This right may not be invoked in the
for freedom of movements by people desiring to
case of prosecutions genuinely arising from
emigrate are encountering the human protests
non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the which are gaining widespreading echoes. The
purposes and principles of the United Nations.
protests must continue in the hope that relief
"Article 15. (1) Everyone has the right to a will come soon for those who remain in a state of
st Israel's Multiple Problems
Diagnosed by 9 Authors
BREEDING SICK MINDS
Vandalism, besmirching of synagogues and
private homes, has assumed such wide propor-
tions in many communities that the urgent
need to re-educate people to human behavior
The sick minds that caused swastika daub-
ings on synagogues, the damage done to private
homes and adjacent properties, must be viewed
as much more threatening than simple malici-
ousness. They must be traced to the homes
whence the scandals stem.
Through the centuries blame was placed on
the churches. This was especially true in back-
ward East European countries where drunken
mobs would, upon leaving their churches after
listening to hate-inspiring sermons accom-
panied in their ignorance by misapplication of
Hebrew Psalms, resort to murderous attacks on
Jews, home burnings, torturing of men, women
and children. Such blame is no longer justified
in an age when religious leaders are advocating
and practicing ecumenism. Yet there is an in-
heritance of the ancient hatreds which finds'
havens in homes, and it is not unreasonable to
believe that the vandalism and violence is in-
spired in ignorant homes. How else is it possible
to view the misdemeanors that develop into vio-
lence and destruction of property?
Therefore, the renewal of the urgent need
that the church restore its influence upon the
home, that sick minds be healed and the minor-
ity element that is so shamefully destructive be
guided away from inhumanism.
TALK SHOW VALUES
Radio talk shows have immense value and
they must be geared toward emphasizing truth
with an avoidance of incitement to hatreds and
The June 10 Jewish News editorial, "Talk
Show Anti-Semitism," defined Jewish respon-
sibility to refute anti-Jewish statements, and it
"A moderator should have some informa-
tion about Israel and Zionism, about the events
in the Middle East, about the struggles and the
American-Israel traditional friendship. It does
not mean that a news medium moderator be-
comes a propagandist for Jews and for Israel."
Criticism of some sad experiences provided
in talk shows was not treated with respect by
one of the stations involved, and one moderator
instead fanned into venom against. The Jewish
Israel's needs, the multiple problems, the differing attitudes on
war and the craving for peace, all have a special bearing on the
The Israeli intellectuals and the prominent in the publishing
ranks are outspoken, unhesitant to criticize, their views often serving
as guidelines for the media and for the universities — all gaining
responsive evidences on a population that is marked by multi-
Nine Israeli authors expressed their views on the many issues in
their country in interviews conducted by a prominent educator.
In "Encounters with Israeli Authors" (Micah Publications), Dr.
Esther Fuchs gathered the views of nine of the best-known Israeli
authors. One of them, Yehuda Amichai, was interviewed in Texas.
The others presented their views in Israel. They are:
Gershon Shaked, Amalia Kahana-Charmon, S. Yizhar, Ittamar
Yaoz-Kest, A.B. Yehoshua, Aharon Appelfeld, Aharon Megged and
All of the interviews were in Hebrew and the interviewer was, of
course, their translator into this important English text.
Dr. Fuchs, an Israeli who came to the U.S. in 1976, earned her
PhD degree in Hebrew literature at Brandeis University. She is
presently on the faculty of the University of Texas in Austin, in the
department of Oriental languages and literature.
Each of the interviews is accompanied by biographical data in
brief essays by Dr. Fuchs.
The views expressed deal with the status of Israel, the conflicting
attitudes that reflect politics and the social positions of the people of
The traditional influences are evidenced in many of the view-
points expressed here. Thus, Amichai, in reply to the question "how
does the language of the Bible, the holy language, work in your
inconoclastic poems?" replied:
'The language does most of my work for me. Every word we use
carries in and of itself connotations from the Bible, the Siddur, the
Midrash, the Talmud. Every word reverberates through the halls of
Jewish history. Coming from a religious background, the spoken
language I use still retains for, me' the original traditional flavor.
"In my poems I work with both levels, the new and the old,
simultaneously. In my poems, I try to recreate and re-interpret. In
this sense my writing is genuinely Jewish.
"In my opinion, Jewish literature consists of the endless interpre-
tations of the source. This is what Rashi did, and this is what modern.
Zionism did. In this sense, modern Hebrew is really a metaphor for the
Zionist endeavor — a reawakening, a revival, which means both
change and continuity. What is Zionism if not a reinterpretation of
the Biblical verse, 'David, King of Jerusalem continues to life?'
Megged was asked about his increasing alienation from the
Zionist or Israeli d'etre, and he replied:
"Now that you mention it, I think you're right. There is a growing
alienation, a growing distance from the collective. I guess the cracks
are becoming more and more visible. The problems are getting closer
to the roots. of Zionism. At that time, the conviction was stronger,
purer and more innocent. The situation is much more complex now.
What we took for granted became rather questionable, and increas-
This is like a summation of the state of affairs in Israeli literature
and the role of the writers who have evidenced great influence in their
country. The total aspect of this fascinating work is the revealing
character of authorship. The entire collection evidences the progress
of the printed word, the poem and the novel, in Israel.