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June 24, 1983 - Image 28

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-06-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Aummos.



28 Friday, June 24, 1983

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

U.S. Report Blasts Lack of Human Rights
in the Soviet Union, Poland and Romania

WASHINGTON (JTA) —
President Reagan has is-
sued his semiannual report
on the Implementation of
the Helsinki Final Act not-
ing that the Soviet Union,
Romania and Poland con-
tinue to be in violation of
the human rights sections of

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the agreement.
The 14th semiannual re-
port was submitted by the
State Department to the
Commission on Security
and Cooperation in Europe,
which monitors the Hel-
sinki agreements, and made
public last week.
The report noted that no
substantive agreement has
been reached at the Madrid
follow-up conference which
has been going on since
Nov. 11, 1980. "From the
outset at Madrid, two issues
have proved particularly
contentious: balanced pro-
gress between human
rights and the mandate for a
post-Madrid conference on
the military aspects of secu-
rity," the report stressed.
"Discussion and pro-
gress on these issues

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come to a halt after the
imposition of martial law
in Roland in December
1981, when it became
clear that there was no
possibility of adopting a
concluding agreement in
the face of the massive
violations of existing
Final Act commitments
in Poland and the Soviet
Union."
The report points out that
"the West has raised mat-
ters of implementation —
particularly the continuing
repression in the Soviet
Union and the suppression
of civil liberties in Poland."
Max Kampelman, the U.S.
representative," gave a
hard-hitting speech on
March 8 indicting the East
in general and the Soviet
Union, Poland and
Romania in particular for
human rights violations."
Among the items he men-
tioned were the halt in
Jewish emigration from the
USSR and the education tax
on would be emigrants from
Romania.
"The Soviets continued
drastically to limit emigra-
tion and family reunifica-
tion during the review

JWV Drops King Sponsorship

WASHINGTON — Stan-
ley N. Zwaik, national
commander of the Jewish
War Veterans, has an-
nounced JWV's August
1983 ceremonies to com-
memorate the 20th an-
niversary of Martin Luther
King, Jr.'s march on Wash-
ington.
Zwaik said, "JWV's name
has recently appeared as an
endorser of a Coalition of
Conscience declaration
which deals with issues un-

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period," according to the re-
port. "The continued decline
of emigration dovetails with
other aspects of the current
increase of repression of dis-
sent.
"Most citizens have lit-
tle or no chance to emi-
grate . . . Only 741 Jews
were allowed to emigrate
during the reporting
period compared to 1,286
in the previous six
months. If projected to
the end of the year, this
would possibly result in
the emigration of about
1,100 Jews in 1983, corn-
pared to 51,300 in 1979,
when emigration for the
USSR reached its
zenith," the report re-
vealed.
In addition, "there are re-
ports from several areas in
the USSR that local Office
of Visas and Registration of-
ficials during the last six
months have been telling a
number of long-time refus-
niks that they are 'refused
for life' and, in some in-
stances, warned that they
will be punished should
they attempt to apply
again," the report states.

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related to civil rights and
distorts the original pur-
poses of the commemora-
tion."
"in addition," he said,
"among the list of con-
veners and endorsers of
this new coalition are
several names which
have been linked, on
other occasions with
anti-Semitic activities.
JWV does not and will
not participate with
people and/or organiza-
tions who are anti-
Semitic."
Meanwhile,
Hyman
Bookbinder, the Wash-
ington representative of the
American Jewish Commit-
tee, told Congress that the
proposed national holiday
in honor of Martin Luther
King, Jr. would not only
serve to "remember the
painful past" but could also
become the occasion for
"celebrating what's right
with America."

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AMSTERDAM (JTA) —
The Dutch government,
supported by the three
major political parties, an-
nounced today that it will
not withdraw an anti-
boycott bill despite advice to
the contrary by a special
committee set up to review
the matter.
The Cabinet's decision
apparently ensures the pas-
sage by Parliament of the
measure that will require
Dutch firms to report to the
government any boycott
demands against Israel
made by countries with
which they do business. The
decision was backed by the
Christian Democrats and
Liberals and the opposition
Labor Party.

Avner Named British Envoy

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
The Cabinet has approved
the appointment of Yehuda
Avner, Menahem Begin's
adviser on Jewish affairs, to
be Israel's next Ambassador
to Britain. He will replace
Shlomo Argov who was dis-
abled in an assassination
attempt in London in June
1982.
A number of other ap-
pointments to the foreign
service were approved this
week. Begin dismissed a

complaint by Communica-
tions Minister Mordechai
Zipori that many of the ap-
pointees were previously
identified with the Labor
Party and could not be
trusted to represent the
views of Likud. Begin re-
plied that overseas dip-
lomats "represent hte state,
not Likud."

The Hebrew name "Hef-
ziba" means "My delight is
in her."

Boris Smolar's

`Between You
. . . and Me'

Editor-in-Chief
Emeritus, JTA

(Copyright 1983, JTA, Inc.)

COMMUNAL AFFAIRS: The season of annual meet-
ings and conventions of major national Jewish organiza-
tions is now approaching its end. Outstanding in this sea-
son is the dominant opinion of all organizations that while
there is a marked increase of anti-Semitism in European
countries, this is not the case in the United States. National
surveys continue to show a generational drop in the
number of Americans who held anti-Jewish feelings and
stereotypes.
This evaluation found expression at the four-day, 70th
anniversary meeting of the Anti-Defamation League, at
the annual meeting of the American Jewish Committee, at
the two-day board meeting of the Council ofJewish Federa-
tions, and is now finding expression at the two-day meeting
of the executive committee of the National Jewish Com-
munity Relations Advisory Council.
The same organizations are however of the opinion
that although none of the objective indices showed a sig-
nificant rise in anti-Semitism, that fact should neverthe-
less not diminish the concern about new conditions which
might stimulate a growth of anti-Semitism in the future.-
THE SENSE OF ANXIETY: There was anxiety and a
sense of vulnerability in the American Jewish community
last year. It was caused by three fears: The fear of a possible
anti-Semitic spillover from any anti-Israel feeling
engendered during the Lebanese war, stimulated by distor-
tions of the American media in reporting the war; the
possibility that extremism might be fed by worsening eco-
nomic conditions in the U.S., especially by unemployment;
and the terrorism and murderous acts directed at West
European Jewry and the verbal violence aimed at Israel in
the United Nations and other international forums.
These fears no longer exist. The conviction among the
American people now is that Syria — not Israel — seeks to
continue warfare in Lebanon and is being strongly influ-
enced in this direction by the Soviet Union from where it is
being supplied with military instructors and the latest
modern weaponry. Israel's signing of the agreement with
the government of Lebanon to withdraw its forces from
Lebanon, if Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion agree to do the same, has contributed much to the
renewed sympathy of the American people for Israel.
On the economic front in the United States, there were
no anti-Jewish feelings correlated to unemployment or to
other economic factors. On the contrary, an unprecedented
large number ofJewish candidates who ran for public office
in predominantly non-Jewish areas were elected; their
Jewishness was not a factor in the election campaigns.
Neo-Nazi groups languished during the year in both ac-
tivity and reported membership. One of the largest Ku
Klux Klan groups has filed for bankruptcy.
PROGRAM FOR 1983-1984:_In general, Jewish
organizations active in the field of combatting anti-
Semitism believe that anti-Semitism in this country should
be neither undervalued nor exaggerated.
The National Jewish Community Relations Advisory
Council is of the opinion that the Jewish community rela-
tions field should undertake special education programs for
1983-1984 to deepen the understanding of the Jewish
community and the general community about the nature of
anti-Semitism in this country. A recommendation to this
affect is contained in the NJCRAC Joint Program Plan
which is expected to be adopted by consensus by all the
constituent organizations.
The recommendation urges careful monitoring and
assessing the nature and extent of the relationship of anti-
Semitism to problems in the American economy, particu-
larly unemployment. Also, to carefully monitor and assess
the nature and extent of the relationship between events in
the Middle East, attitudes toward Israel, and anti-
Semitism in the U.S, and then develop appropriate re-
sponses that strengthen the positive image of Israel among
the American people.

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