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May 27, 1983 - Image 62

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-05-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

6Z r Friday, lay 211 , 4 1983

t

;DIEROIT plISH ,NEWS

Israel Issues CommemorativeS tam

JERUSALEM — Raoul realities of Hitler's persecu-
Wallenberg, the Swedish tion of the Jews.
diplomat who was responsi-
On his return to Swe-
ble for saving tens of den, he joined the army
thousands of Hungarian and was a very successful
Jews from certain death at commander.
the hands of the Nazis and
He felt a deep sympathy
their all-too-willing Hun- for the Jewish people and
garian collaborators during identified himself with
World War II, has been their fate, and rescilved to do
made the subject of a 14- all he could to help them in
shekel stamp recently is- their darkest hour.
sued by Israel.
In July 1944, in response
Wallenberg was born in to the request of the World
1912 to a distinguished, Jewish Congress, the
aristocratic Swedish family, American Joint Distribu-
whose members had tion Committee and the
achieved eminence in their Jewish Agency following
country's banking, foreign the deportation of nearly
service, army and church. half-a-million Hungarian
His mother was the great- Jews to the death camps of
grandchild of a Jewish Auschwitz and Birkenau,
dealer in jewels and preci- he was sent by the Ameri-
ous stones who served as fi- can government's War Ref-
nancial adviser to the kings ugee Board to Budapest as a
of Sweden, and it was from volunteer diplomat.
her that he imbibed a feel-
At that time there were
ing for the fate of the Jewish still 250,000 Jews living in
people and a pride in his the Budapest Ghetto and
Jewish ancestry.
Wallenberg undertook the
He received a comprehen- impossible task of slowing
sive education, studying down the German death-
law, architecture, banking machine.
and international trade in
Working from the
France and at the Univer- Swedish Embassy, he got
sity of Michigan, and travel- together a rescue staff made
led widely. In 1936 he lived up of several hundred
in Haifa where he was Jewish volunteers, declared
working at the Holland 32 apartment buildings
Bank, and it was there he housing 20,000 Jews to be
had his first contact with under the protection of the
German refugees who had Swedish flag and took care
fled from the Nazis, and of all the residents' needs.
learned from them the
He issued "protective"

Hebrew University Leaders

Dr. Avraham Harman, left, former president and
newly-elected chancellor of the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem, is shown greeting his successor as
president, Prof. Don Patinkin.

Design of Talit Explained

By RABBI SAMUEL FOX

(Copyright 1983, JTA, Inc.)

Jewish prayer shawls
(talit) are usually decorated
with stripes of blue or black.
In the days when the
common mode of dress was a
four-cornered garment
there was no need for a spe-
cial prayer shawl. The
fringes (tsitsit) were at-
tached to one's four-
cornered garments.
Since we do not habitu-
ally wear four-cornered
garments today, a special
four-cornered garment is
worn at least during prayer

so that the fringes men-
tioned in the Shma are
worn.
The original frin g es men-
tioned in_ the Bible had one
strand of blue among the
Other strands of white. At
this time in history we do
not know the exact shade of
blue. Therefore the fringes
are all white. However, to
remind us that originally
there was one strand of blue
in the fringes, the prayer
shawl contains blue or black
stripes in its main body of
cloth. The white cold- repre-
sents purity.

immediately informed the
Swedish government and
Wallenberg's family that he
had been taken into "protec-
tive custody" but later de-
nied this, claiming that
they knew nothing of his
whereabouts and that "we
cannot discover the source
of the original announce-
ment."
In view of the weight of
evidence that • Wallenberg
was in their hands, the
Soviets were forced to admit
this in 1957, but claimed
that "he died of a heart at-
tack in Moscow's Lubyanka
prison on the 17th July 1947
and his body was cremated."
This version of the facts
was refuted in later years by
dozens of witnesses, several
of whom gave evidence be-
fore the Swedish Suprme
Court, who claimed that
they had seen Wallenberg
alive many years after he
had been declared dead by
the Soviets. Since then, un-
ceasing efforts have been
made to discover the truth
and to find out if Raoul Wal-
lenberg is still alive.
"Free Wallenberg"
committees have been
formed in Sweden, the
U.S.A, England and
Germany and Israel to
help in unravelling the
mystery and to pay trib-
ute to this outstanding
humanitarian.
Raoul Wallenberg has be-
come a legend to -people of
goodwill all over the world.
The govermenment of the
U.S: has made him an. hon-
orary citizen — only the
third person to be awarded
this great honor (after Gen-
eral Lafayette and Sir
Winston Churchill) and he
has been nominated for the
Nobel Peace Prize.
On the occasion this year
of the visit of Raoul's
brother and sister to Israel,
a tree was planted in his
name in the Avenue of the
Righteous Gentiles at Yad
Vashem in Jerusalem and a
Wallenberg Forest of 10,000
trees was planted in his
honor in the Galilee by
Jewish National Fund.

RAOUL WALLENBERG

Swedish passports to
tens of thousands of Jews
and thus gave them a de-
gree of immunity from
the continual harassment
of their oppressors.
He organized the most
daring and audacious
methods for saving the lives
of Jews — turning up at the
railway station that served
as the assembly point for
transporting the victims to
the death camps; and used
his diplomatic privileges to
snatch dozens of victims
from the trains on the
grounds that they were
under Swedish protection.
When the_Germans or-
ganized their notorious
"death-marches" in which
tens of thousands of women,
old men and children were
marched hundreds of miles
through the snow and hun-
dreds died of exhaustion,
starvation or cold, or were
shot by their guards, Wal-
lenberg, accompanied by his
band of helpers, would ap-
pear as a "ministering
angel," handing out clo-
thing, food, drink and medi-
caments and, by his
presence, not only gave
encouragement to the un-
fortunate victims, but even
curbed-the excesses of their
sadistic guards.
Through his fearless ac-
tions, imagination and self-
sacrifice, Wallenberg and
his helpers were able to save
the lives of 25,000 Jews dur-
ing the period from July
1944 until the middle of
January 1945 and, by in-
spiring and cajoling other
organizations to play their
part in this humanitarian
work, were able to save
about 100,000 Jews from
certain death.
On Jan. 17, 1945 the
Red Army reached the
outskirts of Budapest,
and Raoul Wallenberg
went to a fateful meeting
with Marshal Rodion
Malinovsky in the town
of Debrecen. He was
given a military escort
and, as he parted from his
assistants, at the em-
bassy, he hinted to them
that he "wasn't sure
whether he was going as
a guest or as a prisoner."
The Soviet government

Sam Zack

Sam Zack, executive and
founder of the Globe Agency
Co., died May 19 at age 64.
Born in Russia, Mr. Zack
founded his company 25
years ago. He was a life
member of Cong. Beth Ab-
raham Hillel Moses,
Tam-O-Shanter Country
Club and the Furniture
Club.
He leaves his wife,
Myrna; a son, Steven; two
daughters, Mrs. Paul
(Joanne) Lederer of
and Ronna of Chicago, Ill.; a
sister, Mrs. Ted (Carol)
Gell; and one granddaugh-
ter.

The Family
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

ALEXANDER
AISNER

SYDNEY
GOTTESMAN

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 12:30 p.m.
Sunday, June 5, at He-
brew Memorial Park.
Rabbi Arm will of-
ficiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 1:30 p.m.
Sunday, June 5, at
Machpelah Cemetery.
Rabbi Steinger will of-
ficiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

The Family
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 1 p.m.
Sunday, May 29;at Beth
Tefilo Emanuel Cemet-
ery. Rabbi Zachariash
will officiate. Relatives
and friends are asked to
attend.

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 11:30 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at Oak-
view Cemetery. Cantor
Louis Klein will of-
ficiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

LOUIS
KEPES

ESTHER
BEREZIN

The Family _
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

RABBI
IRVIN
LAWTON

MAX
BILLER

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 9:30 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at Adat
Shalom Memorial Park.
Rabbi Arm and Cantor
Vieder will officiate.
Relatives and friends
are asked to attend.

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 11 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at He-
brew Memorial Park.
Rabbi Leo Y. Goldman
will officiate. Relatives
and friends are asked to
attend.

The Family
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

LENA
LEVINE

GLORIA
CANNON

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 11 *a.m.
Sunday, May 29, at He-
brew Memorial Park.
Rabbi Leo Goldman will
officiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 11 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at Bnai
David Cemetery, 9535
Van Dyke, Detroit.
Rabbi Wagner will of-
ficiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

The Family
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

ESTHER
FIDLER

ANNE
SHAPIRO

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 3:30 p.m.
Sunday, May 29, at
Machpelah Cemetery.
Rabbi Groner will of-
ficiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 2 p.m.
Sunday, June 5, at Adat
Shalom Memorial Park.
Rabbi Albert Lewis will
officiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

The Family
of the Late

The Family
of the Late

MINNIE
FOGEL

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in her memory 11 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at
Machpelah Cemetery.
Rabbi David Nelson will-
officiate. Relatives and
friends are asked to
attend.

"Over 65 years of traditional service in the Jewish community with dignity and understanding."

HEBREW MEMORIAL CHAPEL

BEN
WEINBERG

Announces the un-
veiling of a monument
in his memory 9:30 a.m.
Sunday, June 5, at
Clover Hill Park
Cemetery. Rabbi Syme
will officiate. Relatives
and friends are asked to
attend.

543.1622

SERVING ALL CEMETERIES

26640 GREENFIELD ROAD
OAK PARK, MICHIGAN 48237

Alan H. Dorfman
Funeral Director & Mgr.

*A

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1, 4

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