Friday, y 6 193
iNE DETROIT OMB NEWS
By ARNOLD AGES
Jewish Tales Published in Canada by Professor
Sephardic Jews of Moroccan tales when he was _ap-
Elbaz pointed out that the part of oral history it was
TORONTO (JTA) — origin living in Canada. In proached by Canada's Moroccan Sephardim who natural for them to become mation to be found among a
population often victimized
Andre Elbaz, a professor of an interview with the Museum of Man. "That in- came to Canada were under involved in collecting and
French at Carleton Univer- Jewish Telegraphic stitution has been compil- no danger of physical vio- transmitting these mate- and persecuted by its Arab
sity in Ottawa, has just Agency, Elbaz, who was ing folk tales of all kinds of . lence in Morocco when they rials."
written a book celebrating born in Meknes, indicated Canadian ethnic groups arrived here in the 1960s
"One of the interesting
the oral tradition of that his book, "Tales of the such as the Inuit (Eskimo) and 1970s.
differences I noted be-
Canadian Sephardim" (Fit- and I thought that the
Moroccan Jews came tween women's stories
• • • • • • • • • zhenry & Whiteside) was Moroccan Jews in Canada
• written in response to an deserved recognition as to Canada because the and men's is that the
Canadian Jewish Con- former often reflected
• REMEMBER YOUR AFFAIR' • invitation from the well."
gress was able to obtain a secular influences while
• Museum of Man in Ottawa.
For high quality
The Carleton profes- preferred immigration the latter mirrored more
Elbaz grew up in Morocco, sor, who has written ex- status for them he said. pious preoccupations.
• COMPUTER PORTRAITS •
came to maturity in France tensively on French-
"Secondly, Moroccan The reason is simple; men
themes, ex -
there completed his Jewish
-1 • Framed Pictures,
• university studies in plained that after the dis- Jews who came to Canada went to the synagogue.
a great discount
• Posters, T-Shirts, Etc. • French literature. "I have so
solution of the Moroccan French and since many of read from the - Torah,
From our designs
• • -BANQUETS, PARTIES • • been interested in the folk Jewish community (in them
had been associated Midrash and Talmud.
or yours...for your
home or office
• WEDDINGS, SHOWERS • tales of Moroccan Jews ever and subsequent Arab with the Alliance Israelite The women,-on the other
since I accompanied my
Universelle, they were ex- hand, stayed home or
• father to synagogue as a pressures) most of the cellent teachers.
They were mingled with the Moslem
to cost a fortune
• young boy in Meknes," he members emigrated to naturally attracted to Population, acquiring
...only look like it!
said. "I have vivid recollec- Israel. The second largest
Franco-phone Montreal and from that contact stories
tions of the stories of imagi- group of Moroccan Jews
• PHOTOGRAPHIC : nation and wonder that settled in France.
that city as teachers. An
Elbaz indicated that the
• Wall Units
COMPUTER IMAGES, INCA were spun by Jewish men about 15,000 made its way irony: one ofthe heads of the tales of the Moroccan
Protestant School Board of Sephardim which he has
(31 3) 851-5977
Elbaz jumped at the to Canada. There the
Also located in Tally Hall
opportunity to compile an French-speaking Sephar-
• anthology of Sephardic folk dim found a con g enial foyerr
Elbaz has no illusions was not always in accord
in Montreal, Quebec City -about what life was like for with the actual conditions of
and two other centers, Ot-
Jews in Morocco. "Unlike life for Jews in Morocco. The
tawa and Toronto.
the Jews of Iraq who were fictional rendering of
Save ad for additional
Elbaz, in executing his
discount through May 14, 1983
closely integrated within Jewish successes via the
survey of Moroccan folk the Arab population, we tales was a natural subli-
tales, was involved in a
Moroccan Jews lived in a
CENTERPIECES Originally , Designed
double task — an audit of an
separate environment cut
(FLORAL AND CANDY THEMES)
important literary tradition
off from the Arab popula-
and a return to his own tion. Our culture was
FAVORS — PAPER GOODS — RENTALS roots,. The book, which re-
French and we tended to
sulted from his research,
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look do'wn upon Arab
was written in French but it
society. In a sense we lived
are orur specia lity, high
is the English translation in a Jewish state-within-a-
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That being the case,
For . a complete evening of entertainment
_ peared first.
Elbaz was asked why it was
party, Bar Mitzva, wedding or- special occasion call
that so many of the stories
in his book reflect the im-
588•9499 - Art and Jan
print of Berber-Arab cul-
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ture. Elbaz wrote in the in-
troduction to his work that
the "jnun" — malevolent
Moslem spirits — animate
many of the stories told by
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ma, H 25th
Says Elbaz: "It is true
that we Moroccan Jews
lived in an environment
that was totally Jewish.
But that does not mean
that we were sealed off
hermetically from the
Arabs:We had daily con-
tact with them. We spoke
their language., We in-
teracted with them com-
mercially if not socially.
Our women went to the
`suk' (the market) and
encountered the Moroc-
can Arabs, As a result of
all these contacts much of
the Moslem folk tradi-
tions become assfinilated
into the Moroccan
• A Series of Twelve
• The Day of Beaute'
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Elbaz discovered this dur-
ing the many taping ses-
sions he conducted with
Sephardic men and women
from Marocco during re-
In the folk tales which he
has assembled (only 80 of
some 300 made it into his
book), Elbaz pointed out
that those told by Jewish
men are different from
those recounted by Jewish
"The reason that women
are so prominently repre-
sented is because their cir-
cumstances made them
story-tellers. Like many of
their Ashkenazic counter-
parts, the Moroccan
Sephardic women were il-
literate. Since folklore is
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