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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 24th day of Iyar, 5743, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Leviticus 25:1-27:34.
Prophetical portion, Jeremiah 16:19-17:14.
Wednesday, Jerusalem Day
May 13, Rosh Hodesh Sivan, Numbers 28:1-15.
Candlelighting, Friday, May 6, 8:19 p.m.
VOL. LXXXIII, No. 10
Friday, May 6, 1983
ISRAEL'S MAJOR DEFENSE LINE
Judea and Samaria are inerasable fro m grasps the tiny nation's need for land to enhance
Scriptures and from Jewish history. They a re • its security against surprise attack, the Reagan
brutalized in the media and in political di s- plan seems frightfully dangerous."
putes, and under the term West Bank the hi s-
Very little more really need by said to point
toric spots are the means of challenging Israel 's to the realities and to the dangers. Miller points
sincerity. Their status is the cause for a dispu to to the conceptual differences of view over the
which is primarily based on the accusation th at proposals by President Reagan. The Wall Street
peace has been made an impossibility by Israel 's Journal essay provides a fact sheet that cannot
refusal to abandon the settlements in th e be ignored. It indicates the urgency of Israel's
Judea-Samaria sector. Appended to the charg e insistence upon a self-protective status. It ern-
also is the Israel role in the Gaza district.
_ phasizes that Jerusalem will not be abandoned.
One human factor is constantly being i g- It shows the Israeli viewpoint.
nored — the normalcy of people living togeth er
Miller declares in his revealing statements:
and the truth that Jews have lived in thos e
"The Reagan Administration, trying to
sectors and an Arab-Jewish neighborhoo d build on the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty, be-
should not be considered dangerous to peacef ul lieves Israel must yield much of the West Bank,
relations between peoples.
which it conquerd in the 1967 war. Only then, in
the U.S. view, can the powderkeg Palestinian
Part of the tragedy is the delay in imple
refugee problem be resolved. Peace would be
menting the autonomy arrangements specifie
in the Camp David agreements. That could an d guaranteed by Israeli treaties with Jordan and
eventually other Arab nations, buttressed by a
should have assured the cooperation so vital t
U.S. guarantee of Israel's security.
the establishment of neighborliness. The diffi
"But the Begin government has no faith in
culties thus created fulminate the horrible pol
paper guarantees. Its officials believe that
lution of statesmanship and the harm done t
yielding back the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
would ignite the Palestinian powderkeg, not de-
There is, however, a factor involving Is - fuse it. Two days after the Arabs moved in
rael's security that must not be overlooked. A n they'd tear up the treaties and attack, and Israel
apparently misleading judgment, constantl Y would be in an indefensible position,' says a
propagated in diplomatic quarters, emphasize d senior Israeli diplomat.
in the media, with the support of a very smal 1
"In the Israeli view, ceding the Sinai
but articulate Jewish element, maintains tha t Peninsula to achieve peace with Egypt was fun-
Israel has nothing to fear from a Palestinia n damentally different from yielding the West
entity in the Judea-Samaria region. Under suc h Bank. The demilitarized Sinai Desert is rela-
contentions, the West Bank has become a tively large, a 124-mile buffer zone; its
battleground for Israel's critics. It is not sup - 'strategic depth' gives Israel the 48 hours it
ported in official Israeli quarters, nor in corre - needs to mobilize its military reserves should
spondence to the Wall Street Journal - from
Egypt ever - break the treaty and launch a
Jerusalem by Norman C. Miller under the titl e ground attack.
"An Israeli Vista Bids U.S. Realism About th e
"But the West Bank is much smaller; even
West Bank." Miller defines the area under con
- with it, Tel Aviv is only 45 miles from the Jor-
sideration stating in his introductory para
- dan River border. Yielding the mountainous
West Bank would put almost all of Israel within
"Standing on Mount Scopus, overlooking bombardment range. 'Whoever controls the
the ancient walled city of Jerusalem, the first
- West Bank holds the whole coastal plain hos-
time visitor to Israel begins to understand why
tage and with it 65 percent of our population
Menahem Begin's government is -fiercely de
- and 85 percent of our infrastructure,' says an
termined to retain military control of the West Israeli military analyst.
"To be sure, some Israelis are willing to
"From this low hill, well within the bound-
give up the West Bank and Gaza for a peace
aries of modern Jerusalem, the border with Jor-
treaty. Significantly, however, even
dan only 19 miles away is clearly visible across
mainstream Labor Party opposition leaders
the Judean desert. It is easy to visualize Arab
favor a continuing Israeli military presence on
tanks attacking — fast. Unopposed, it would the West Bank, while yielding sovereignty over
take tanks only a few hours to reach Jerusalem.
much of it. They advocate a scheme of military
Warplanes launched from Jordan could bomb
strongholds designed to prevent surprise attack
Jerusalem — as well as the coastal metropolis of and also protect a shrunken Israel."
Tel Aviv only 44 miles to the northwest — in
White House and State Department are
less than 10 minutes.
surely fully aware of the conditions described
"This is the nightmare danger to Israel's
here. Now there is a duty to make every effort to
existence within its existing borders. In fara-
guide the antagonists of Israel towards the
way America it may seem entirely reasonable
genuine peace paths. In Jewish ranks there is
for the Reagan Administration to pressure Is- the parallel obligation to guide the deluded
rael to cede the West Bank so that Palestinian
away from disruptive roads. These are all paths
refugees can settle there and a peace treaty with toward peace, and they certainly remain strewn
Jordan can be arranged. But in Israel, as one
`Artists in Exile' Who
Created American Odyssey
An Albert Einstein in exile contributed toward American
technological and scientific advancement. Had geniuses like him
been permitted to remain in Germany, the atomic bomb might have
been a foreign creation to the detriment of this country.
The most distinguished writers like Thomas Mann were among
those who were driven into exile, impoverished, to the detriment of
their native lands.
This applies to art, science, literature, music.
The story of many of the most distinguished musicians, writers
and scientists who have been forced out of their native countries is
told in a fascinating compilation of names of eminence in "Artists in
Exile: American Odyssey" by Jane Katz (Stein and Day).
Notables compiled in this volume
originated from Afghanistan, Poland,
China, South Africa, Russia, Argen-
tina, Vietnam, Hungary, Laos, Bul-
garia, Chile, Turkey, Japan, Ireland,
Czechoslovakia and Austria. One of
the artists is from Israel, Zeeva Cohen,
a dancer. Coming to the U.S. for
studies, she remained to pursue her
Elie Wiesel, Isaac Bashevis Singer.
Martha Schlamme and Joseph
Brodsky are in this list of the popular
personalities who have made the U.S.
In the form of interviews, Jane Katz
introduces her selectees for this in-
teresting cast of characters. The essay
on and interview with Martha-
Schlamme is especially interesting.
The Austrian actress has appeared at
the Stratford Festival and in the
Broadway hit "A Kurt Weill Cabaret,"
among other productions.
She hails from a Hasidic family. Her
grandparents fled from Russian pog-
roms to settle in Vienna. Her family
operated a kosher restaurant in Vie-
The flight of the Schlamme family
from the Nazis and their rescue are
part of this moving tale.
Elie Wiesel emerges anew here as
an impressive inspiration to the.
I. B. SINGER
spiritually-minded, as a reminder or
the horrors that caused so much shame for mankind symbolizing the
Holocaust. Quotes from the Wiesel works, reminders of the eminent
author's sufferings under Nazism in the concentration camps, the
agonies of his father in Auschwitz as a martyred victim of the Nazis,
add a deeply-moving note to an impassioned story.
Isaac Bashevis Singer, who has glamorized Yiddish literature,
lending it continuity and acquiring recognition as the Nobel Prize - 1
winner in literature, is introducted as the immigrant from Poland
who brought culture to the United States. He tells the interviewer
how he had come to write in Yiddish, after having begun his literary
career in Hebrew. Writing in the language of the masses, he thus
attained the triumph for himself and the language he propagated.
The entire list of "Artists in Exile" is a Who's Who of notables
whose departure from their native lands resulted in a gain for their
adopted homeland, the U.S. That's the lesson learned from this book.