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April 01, 1983 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-04-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

World Opinion
on Endless
Discriminatory
Policies Pursued
by the Kremlin

THE JEWISH NEWS

A Weekly Review

Editorial, Page 4

of Jewish Events

Passover

Greetings

to Jewish

Communities

Everywhere

Copyright (C) The Jewish News Publishing Co.

VOL. LXXXIII, Na. 5

17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833

$15 Per Year: This Issue 35'

April 1, 1983

Israel Battles ManyObstacles
in Path of Lebanon Pull-Back

80 Years Since Kishinev
Changed Jews' Thinking

By MAURICE SAMUELSON

LONDON (JTA) — Worldwide commemorations of the 40th
anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising will obscure the fact
that Easter and Passover this year also mark the 80th anniver-
sary of the Russian pogrom in KishineV, immortalized by Chaim
Nachman Bialik's poem, "In the City of Slaughter."
Following malicious reports that Jews were using Christian
blood for their Passover feasts, primitive mobs in Kishinev, capi-
tal of Bessarabia, turned on the Jews on Sunday, April 6, 1903.
There followed three days of carnage which, according to
official figures, left 49 Jews dead and 500 injured, 700 houses
destroyed, 600 businesses looted, damage to property worth 21/2
million gold rubles and about:
2,000 Jewish families homeless.
The hatred of the Jews
had been whipped up in
"Bessarebtz," Kishinev's
only newspaper, whose
editor, P. Krushevan, was fi-
nanced from a slush fund by „gr
Von Plehve, the Russian
Interior Minister. The
paper's printing house had
published the blood libel
pamphlets which were used
to trigger the massacre.
The government believed
that by fomenting hatred
against the Jews it could divert
the rising tide of revolutionary
feeling throughout Russia.
As soon as the news was
CHAIM BIALIK
published, large protest meet-
ings were held throughout Europe and North America. The Ger-
man Kaiser and the Austrian Emperor sent personal protests to
Czar Nicholas II.
A joint resolution was passed by both houses of Congress and
President Theodore Roosevelt voiced his country's horror in a
personal letter which the Czar refused to accept. In Russia itself,
Count Leo Tolstoy arraigned the government as the chief culprit.
The deepest impact, however, was on the Jews them-
selves, and especially on the newly-launched world Zionist
movement. Theodor Herzl, its founder, wrote prophetically
to an American statesman: "Think of it. Seven million out-
lawed human beings who have begun to tremble. After
what has happened we have no right to reproach them with
their fear. They dare not arm, they are not defended, they
feel themselves surrendered up — and to what a rabble."
In his anguish at failing to win Palestine for the persecuted
(Continued on Page 14)

,

By DAVID LANDAU

JERUSALEM (JTA) — The 12 weeks of talks between Lebanon and Israel appeared to be
heading toward a conclusion this week but it remained uncertain whether or not they will culminate
successfully in an agreement.
Signs of growing frustration and impatience were evident in both Jerusalem and Washington
over the weekend as the Israeli, Lebanese and American delegations held their 24th meeting at
Natanya last Friday and U.S. special envoy Philip Habib continued his diplomatic shuttles between
Jerusalem and Beirut.
The Cabinet, at its regular weekly session Sunday, discussed Habib's report of his two days of
talks in Beirut with President Amin Gemayel and Lebanese Foreign Minister Elie Salem. Cabinet
spokesman Dan Meridor told reporters afterwards, "Much is being achieved . . . There are problems to
be solved, but we hope it won't be long." Government sources said there had been progress on all
issues.
But the atmosphere was less optimistic after Habib met with Israeli Foreign Minister
Yitzhak Shamir on Sunday evening and flew back to Beirut, apparently to convey the latest
Israeli position to the Lebanese government.
Israeli sources said Shamir had been "very firm" on Israel's insistence that Major Saad Haddad
and his Christian militia, armed and financed by Israel, retain control of security in south Lebanon
after Israeli forces withdraw.
The Lebanese government refuses to assign such a role to Haddad and its position has been
backed by the United States. Meridor said after Sunday's Cabinet meeting that Haddad's future role
was not the major obstacle to an agreement, as some sources had said last week. "It is not a personal
problem of Maj. Haddad. It is a very basic security question for Israel," he said.
Israel has reportedly rejected a Lebanese offer to incorporate Haddad's militia into the Lebanese
army but send Haddad himself on a diplomatic assignment abroad or allow him "honorable retire-
ment." Haddad has been Israel's principal ally in Lebanon but circles in Beirut regard him as a
deserter and renegade who is "too close to Israel."
The Lebanese, for theirpart, adamantly refuse Israel's demand to maintain surveillance
outposts manned by Israeli troops in south Lebanon for an indefinite period after the bulk of
(Continued on Page 3)

Arabs Try to Keep 'Golcia' Off French TV

PARIS (JTA) — The Arab League representative in Paris, Mohammed Yazid, has formally complained to
the French Foreign Ministry against the scheduled airing this week by French television of the American TV
series, "Golda," which portrays the life of Israel's late Premier Golda Meir.
Yazid, in a written note, said that broadcasting this program is tantamount to
"glorifying Israel and its expansionist aims." He asked Foreign Minister Claude
Cheysson to try and prevent the state-controlled TV from going ahead with its
program.
Several pro-Arab organizations have also appealed to the "High
Authority," a state-appointed body responsilYe for the television's political
neutrality and ethics, to have the ,series, which stars the late Ingrid
Bergman, banned.
One such organization, the Franco-Arab Solidarity Association, said in its
letter to the High Authority's President Michelle Cotta: "France, which is favora-
ble to a just solution to the Middle East conflict, should not use television to present
a biased view of the problem."
The association's president, Lucien Bitterlir also called for a program on the
Palestinian question and said it should be Lilowed by a debate between the
representatives of all the concerned parties.
GOLDA MEIR

Windup April 19 U.S. Holocaust Survivors'
for the AJC-IEF Event Contrasts With USSR

Heartened by the positive responses to
the urgent current philanthropic -needs, as
the 1983 Allied Jewish Campaign - Israel
Emergency Fund nears its climax, the lead-
ership in the scores of causes being aided by
this fund-raising effort under the supervi-
sion of the Jewish Welfare Federation, this
week emerged heartened by a high record
being set under crucial conditions here and
globally.
Asserting that this year's fund-raising
(Continued on Page 5)

By BORIS SMOLAR



Editor-in-chief-emeritus, JTA

NEW YORK — Every year since 1979 the
United States commemorates the victims of the
Holocaust and honors the survivors at ceremonies in
Washington and in a number of states and cities
throughout the country. The national ceremonies
have been addressed each year by the President and
members of Congress of both parties.
This year's ceremony in Washington will take
place April 13. It will be part of the Days of Remem-
brance proclaimed for April 10-17; it will be inte-
(Continued on Page 12)

BORIS SMOLAR

Memorial Set
for Holocaust

Shaarit Haplaytah Organization of
Metropolitan Detroit — Survivors of the
Nazi Genocide — in cooperation with Cong.
Bnai David, the Jewish Community Council
and the Greater Detroit Round Table of the
National Conference of Christians and
Jews, will hold the annual Holocaust Memo-
rial Academy 1 p.m. April 10 at Bnai David.
Leon Halpern, president of Shaarit
Haplaytah and the Holocaust Memorial
Center, and Mrs. Leon (Sonia) Popowski,
(Continued on Page 12)

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