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March 04, 1983 - Image 15

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-03-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Begin Statement
Hits Intolerance

Psychiatrist Jung and Brushing Anti-Semitism

By ALLEN A. WARSEN

Barbara Hannah's "Jung:
His Life and Work, a Biog-
raphical Memoir," was pub-
lished in soft cover by Put-
nam.
As the title indicates, the
book is an overview of Carl
Gustav Jung's life and
creativity. Born on July 26,
1875, he was the son of Rev.
Paul Jung (1832-1896) and
the grandson of Prof. Carl
Gustav Jung (1795-1864),
the founder of the Institute
of Good Hope for Mentally
Sick Children, a pioneering
mental institution. Accord-
ing to legend the
grandfather was "a natural
son" of Johann Wolfgang
Goethe.
The grandson, who since
early childhood exhibited
introverted tendencies,
started school at age six.
Like most schools in those
days, it followed the Biblical
precept "spare the rod, spoil
the child."
Since
adolescence
Jung enjoyed discover-
ing paradoxes, mainly in
religion. He wondered,
for instance, "How could
a oneness be simultane-
ously a threeness?" When
he was getting ready for
his first communion, "He
felt there must be a great
mystery behind so pre-
posterous an impossibil-
ity as ordinary bread be-
coming the body of Christ
and ordinary wine the
blood, so that. clearly we
were meant to incorpo-
rate Him into ourselves.
How could that be?"
Years later, Jung would
point out that the Christian
religion by demanding that
its adherents rely on Christ
for their welfare
"encouraged a universal but
fatal human tendency to
remain infantile."

Upon graduating from
Naturally, jealousy in a
Basel University, Jung, at case like this was inevitable
first, could not decide which and the cause of marital
field of medicine to choose. difficulties. Jung, however,
He chose psychiatry and ac- realizing that "the kernal of
cepted a position at Bur- all jealousy is lack of love,"
gholzli, the foremost mental resolved this painful situa-
hospital in Zurich.
tion by giving "a most satis-
At Burgholzli, Jung's factory amount" of it to
knowledge of the human both, his wife and Toni. This
psyche deepened. There, way he saved his marriage
too, he discovered, "inde- and his companionship with
pendently of Freud," the Toni.
Some time later, Emma
unconscious, and recog-
nized the importance of the Jung reminisced: "You see,"
"individual story and indi- she told the author, "he
vidual psychology." He, never took anything from
however, credited Freud for me to give Toni, but the
introducing "psychology more he gave her, the more
into psychiatry" and con- he seemed able to give me."
The author, Barbara
sidered him as a superior
individual. But after years Hannah, states, "Of
of close friendship, Jung course, this amazing in-
broke with Freud because sight was not reached
he would not accept the lat- easily or without suffer-
ter's theory of sex as "a ing, but that it was
reached at all is the amaz-
dogma."
In 1909, Jung left Bur- ing thing when one
gholzli, regarding the time thinks of the possessive
he had spent there as his attitude of most wives."
It is beyond the scope of
years of "apprenticeship."
The author remarks this article to discuss Jun-
that when Jung started gian psychology. Instead,
his psychiatric practice we will consider the charge
at Burgholzli, he was 25 that Jung was an anti-
years old, single and un- Semite.
The author devotes many
known. But when he left,
he was 34, married, the pages and quotes exten-
father of three children sively from Jungian writ-
and well-known both in ings to prove that Jung felt
no hostility towards the
Europe and America.
While treating Toni Jewish people. She even
Wolff, a young woman who points out that "many lead-
suffered from depression, ing J. - such as Dr.
Jung, already married, fell Gerhard Adler of London —
in love with her. The have themselves publicly
author, who knew Toni,
Book Describes
characterizes her as follows:
"She was not beautiful,
NEW YORK — A picture
more like a goddess than a
mortal woman. She had an of contemporary Israel —
extraordinary genius for ac- described by the publisher
companying men — and as the bad and the beautiful
some women too, in a differ- — is painted by Ruth
ent way — whose destiny it Shamir in her first novel,
was to enter the uncon- "All Our Vows," to be pub-
lished March 31 by Shen-
scious."
gold. -
This story of war, politics
and romance, set against a
background of "Israel at
bay," reflects the author's
views of Israeli society.
In "All Our Vows"
Shamir depicts her home-
land not only as an idealis-
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tic and democratic land of
heroes and pioneers but also
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as a country whose moral
values are threatened by
cynicism, corruption and
greed.
Miri, heroine of "All
Our Vows," returns for a
visit to her native Israel
from a listless marriage
in Los Angeles. She de-
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denied that there was any
truth in the rumor." She
blames the Freudian psy-
chologists for starting and
spreading this false rumor.
Her quotations from
Jung's writings "prove be-
yond doubt that since 1918,
if not before, Jung had been
emphasizing the impor-
tance of realizing that great
differences exist not only
between the Jewish and
Aryan races but between all
races and all nations."
May I point out to the
Jungian psychologist,
Miss Hannah, that Jews
are a religiocultural
people and not a race;
and according to Webs-
ter's New World Dictio-
nary of the American
Language, "Aryan has no
validity as a racial term,
although it has been so
used, notoriously, by the
Nazis to mean a 'Cauca-
sian of non-Jewish des-
cent.' "

I should also point out
that Jung, in his writings,
like Miss Hannah, made
serious racist statements.
Some are:
"He (the Jew) is domesti-
cated to a higher degree
than we (the Aryans) are,
but he is badly at a loss for
that quality in man which
roots and draws new
strength from below. (This
is an old anti-Jewish
charge.) This chthonic (ear-
thy) quality is found in

2 Sides of Israel

meets Ron, the dashing
aide to a rising Israeli
politician. Thoughtlessly
at first, then with an all-
consuming passion, she
plunges into a heady af-
fair.
As Israel fights for survi-
val during the Yom Kippur
War, the lovers' passion
peaks — until Miri comes to
understand that she must
reject the life Ron offers and
work out her destiny alone,
in the land of her people.
The publisher says readers
will find in Miri's quest for
self-discovery a metaphor
for Israel's struggle to re-
gain its soul.
Author Ruth Shamir
grew up in Israel and served
in the Israel Defense Forces
before coming to the U.S. to
study law. Today she is an
immigration lawyer, with
offices in Los Angeles and
Tel Aviv.


Friday, March 4, 1983 15

dangerous concentration in
the Germanic peoples.
Naturally the Aryan Euro-
pean has not noticed any
signs of this for a very long
time, but perhaps he is be-
ginning to notice it in the
present war; and again,
perhaps not. The Jew has
too little of this quality —
where has he his own earthy
underfoot?"
I do not accuse Jung of
anti-Semitism, but I do sus-
pect that he had been under
the influence of the racial
theories of Count Joseph
Arthur Gobineau; Houston
Stewart Chamberlain
(son-in-law of Richard
Wagner); and Paul de
Lagarde.

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Pre-
mier Menahem Begin has
called on Israelis to show
tolerance, rid themselves of
hatred, and show under-
standing of each other.
In a statement to the
newspaper Yediot
Aharonot, Begin said that
differences of opinion were
legitimate and should not
lead to physical confronta-
tion.
Begin's statement, issued
after repeated calls by oppo-
sition and leftwing ele-
ments, was the closest the
Premier has yet come to de-
nounce violence which led
to the killing of a Peace Now
demonstrator in Jerusalem
two weeks ago.

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