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February 18, 1983 - Image 29

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-02-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE'BETROIT JOVISN 'NEWS

Brbie Advised South Americans on Terror Tactics

(\Continued from Page 28) nothing new in Latin
bodyguard, and promised, American politics, any more
in his words, "to protect so than other parts of the
Senor Barbie from any at- world. But there were cer-
tempts to kidnap him from tain "refinements" which
members of the communis- Barbie systematically in-
tic French resistance" the troduced along with fellow
Associated Press reported Nazi war criminals in Latin
America.
widely in 1972.
"He showed them how to
Just before his recent ex-
tradition to France for his do the `Nacht and Nebel
war crimes there, Bolivian thing," my source stated.
sources told the AP (Jan. 26,
The Nacht and Nebel
1982) that the new, liberal Erlass was the infamous
regime in La Paz would soon 1941 "Night and Fog De-
bring charges against Bar- cree" of Hitler directing
bie "for having organized that any "persons
and advised a network of endangering German se-
mercenaries and _para- curity" were to be seized
military for using them to without any semblance of
silence foes of past military due process and "made to
regimes."
disappear into the night
According to my and fog" without a trace.
sources, Barbie partici- Ultimately, the Gestapo
pated as an adviser to the became the major ex-
hunt for the Argentin- perts of this terror device,
ian revolutionary Che especially so by the Lyon
Guevara. Che was SS officer, Klaus Barbie.
tracked down in the
In Latin America, this
mountains of Bolivia in
technique
has become
1967 and murdered by
known
as
that
of the "dis-
the Bolivian military.
saparados" or "the disap-
"The whole operation was peared ones." Jacobo
vintage SS," my source told Timernian, the former jour-
me. Bolivian internal secu- nalist in Argentina, vividly
rity forces "swept peasant portrayed the fate of those
villages, interrogated and 10,000 opponents of the
tortured the inhabitants, military regimes, most of
set up elaborate informer whom "disappeared without
systems in the towns and a trace." (Some estimate
cities."
2,000 victims of this tec-
Torture and murder are nhique have been Argen-

tine Jews.)
Barbie was in constant
communication and or-
ganized fascist undertak-
ings with the following
wanted war criminals:
• Edward Roschmann,
called the "Butcher of Riga"
where he directed the
slaughter of some 45,000
Latvian JewS during the
Holocaust. After a 1977 ex-
tradition request by West
Germany, Roschmann was
spirited from Argentina to
safety in Paraguay by the
efforts of die Spinne forces
in Latin America "coordi-
nated" by Barbie. Ros-
chmann died of a heart at-
tack in Paraguay.
• Franz Strang', form-
er commandant of the
death camp, Treblinka,
where one million Jews
were murdered, found
haven in Brazil and was
in constant communica-
tion with Barbie until his
extradition in 1967.
Strang' escaped in 1948
from an Austrian prison
by the Vatican's "monas-
tery route" through the
efforts of the same
Bishop Hudal who aided
Barbie.
• Walter Hermann Julius
Rauff, chief of the "Techni-
cal Office" of the SS/RSHA
on the Russian Front from
1941-1944. He is the self-
proclaimed
(and

* *

Barbie Thought He Was Going to Germany

PARIS (JTA) — Nazi war
criminal Klaus Barbie, now
awaiting trial in France for
"crimes against humanity"
committed while he headed
a gestapo unit in Lyon from
1942 to 1944, was moved
Sunday to a new prison in
the center of the city.
Police said he was moved
from moritluc Prison, where
he detained thousands of
Jews and local resistance
fighters while he headed the
Gestapo, to another prison
for security reasons. In his
new prison cell, at the St.
Joseph House for Detention,
he will be in a separate
wing, away from other pris-
oners.
While a reportedly unre-
pentent Barbie languished
in his cell, French television
broadcast an interview he
gave to two Bolivian report-
ers while on his way from La
Paz to France last week.
The Bolivian reporters
said Barbie started out
from La Pai calm and
self-confident. "He
though at the time that he
was being taken to West
Germany," reporter Car-
los Soria said. "He be-
came agitated and de-
spondent, however,
when he landed in
French Guyana and first
learned that he was being
taken back to France."
The Bolivian reporters
said Barbie showed no re-
morse during his flight, but
anger and exasperation.
Several times he muttered,
"The vanquished are
doomed. If Germany had
won the war my case would
no longer exist."
Barbie, who had lived for

close to 30 years in Bolivia
under the name of Klaus
Altmann, was twice sen-
tenced in France to death in
absentia for his war crimes.
He now risks life imprison-
ment if found guilty.
A public opinion poll
showed that a majority of
French people favor re-
instatement of the death
penalty in the case of Bar-
bie.
Several prominent
French personalities
have also called for the
restoration of capital
punishment for crimes of
that nature. But 'a gov-
ernment spokesman re-
torted that passing a re-
troactive law was con-
trary to the Administra-
tion's basic beliefs.
The poll, published in the
news magazine VSD,
showed that 56 percent of
the respondents favored the
death penalty for Barbie
and 81 percent agreed that
even 38 years after the end
of World War II, war crimi-
nals "should be found, ap-
prehended and brought to
trial."
Virtually the same
number approved the gov-
ernment's successful efforts
to gain custody of Barbie
after he was expelled from
Bolivia, the country where
he found haven after the
war.
The legal definition of
"crimes against humanity"
in France includes crimes
committed on racial or reli-
gious grounds or because of
the victims' political or
ideological beliefs. Barbie,
whose wartime activities
earned him the title

"Butcher of Lyon," is held
responsible for the murder
of 4,000 Jews and resistance
fighters and the deportation
of 8,000 others to certain
death.
But the prosecution
will base its case on two
incidents not connected
with the French resis-
tance. These involved the
arrests and deportation
to Auschwitz Of 41 Jewish
children and 83 Jewish
adults.
The Chief Rabbi of Lyon,
where the trial will be held,
said last week that Jews "do
not seek vengeance." He
said, "If Barbie would re-
nounce his Nazi convic-
tions, if he would ask his
victims for forgiveness and
if this whole affair will
serve as a lesson and exam-
ple, the trial would have
been useful and we would
feel satisfied."
Barbie, for his part, is
threatening to reveal the
names of prominent French
people who allegedly col-
laborated with him in the
arrests, tortures, murders
and deportations when he
served in Lyon from 1942-
1944.
Although the overwhelm-
ing majority of French
people want Barbie
punished for his crimes, the
pending trial has triggered
at least one anti-Semitic
manifestation. In Boussy-
Saint-Antoine, a small vil-
lage near Paris, slogans
were smeared 'on the city
hall and other public build-
ings last night reading "Yes
to Barbie and No to the
Jews"; "Barbie Shall Win";
and "Six million dead Jews

documented through in-
numerable captured Nazi
documents used during the
Nuremberg war crimes
trials) inventor of the
mobile gas-vans that played
a major role in the extermi-
nation of 1.4 million Soviet
Jews in Nazi-occupied
Soviet Union.
Rauff, also a beneficiary
of the Vatican's escape
route, became (and still is)
an adviser to the secret
police of the Chilean mili-
tary dictatorship of General
Augusto Pinochet who led
the, CIA-supported over-
throw of the Allende regime
in 1973.
These are but a few of the
leaders of the long-
established Nazi "beach
heads" of "fascist influence"
that have taken root
thorughout Latin America.
The facts are that we
now know for certain
that the U.S. State De-
partment and American
military intelligence
agencies knew of, con-
doned, covered up and
frequently participated
as a party of the first part
in the immediate post-
war escape routes for
some of the unspeakable
criminals of the
Holocaust during the
years 1945 to 1948, even
well before the CIA went
operational.
It is further clear -- and
becoming clearer -- that the
CIA took up these early op-

Friffay, February'

19111 - 29

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erations and refined and ex-
tended them afterwards.
Also complicit in this
sorid history are the Vati-
can and, to a lesser known
extent, the International
Red Cross.
A foremost beneficiary
and leader of this history:
Klaus Barbie, also known
as Klaus Altmann, the
"Butcher of Lyon."

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