Christian Clergyman Cuts to Root of Anti-Semitism in America
gr ound , racist philosophers invented "Semites" and "Aryans."
By REV. FRANKLIN H. LITTELL
(Editor's note: Rev.-Littell is a professor at Temple University in Philadelphia
and founder of the National Institute on the Holocaust.)
PHILADELPHIA — What is anti-Semitism? Once in a while someone hostile to
Jews will attempt an equvalent of the old-fashioned shell game. "Anti-Semitism" is
re-interpreted to mean hostility to "Semites" — including Arabs and "Palestinians." In
language theory, of course, "Semitic" is a term applied to Babylonians, Assyrians,
Aramaeans, Syrians, Samaritans, Moabites, Ethiopians . . . Out of this theoretical back-
Israel and U.S.
and the Testing
Commentary, Page_ 2
"Aryans" is a discredited term, thanks to the Third Reich. But "Semites=' is a term
that still hangs on,, bobbing to the surface in letters-to-the-editor and in the public
utterance of individuals hostile to Jews. The familiar statement is that "Palestinians" or
Arabs can't be "anti-Semitic" because they are "Semites" themselves. Even in racist
theory this is nonsense, of course: the "Palestinians" have their earliest ethnic roots in
Greek, sea-going tribes once known as Phoenicians.
(Continued on Page 5)
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Rebukes at the
Editorial, Page 4
Copyright © The Jewish News Publishing Co.
VOL. LXXXII, No. 25
17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$15 Per Year: This Issue 35C Februa 18, 1983
U.S., Vatican andRed Cross
Aided Many Nazis to Escape
Bnai David Aids Needy
With $4,000 Food Fund
In response to the hunger crisis in Detroit, Cong. Bnai,David
has organized a Project Hunger Fund.
According to Rabbi Morton F. Yolkut, spiritual leader of the
congregation, "the respolise from members of the congregation
was enthusiastic and heartwarming." Rabbi Yolkut said many
sent supportive notes with their contributions.
He added that contributors included youth who made dona-
tions from their Bar and Bar Mitzva gifts, senior citizens and
others of limited means.
In a letter to the congrega-
tion, Rabbi Yolkut stated in
part: "To be a Jew means 'to
care, to heal, to bring comfort,
to feed the hungry .. . All
monies will be used for food
and nothing else." He said the
congregation's support of the
project "gave meaning to the
Jewish ideals of tzedaka (char-
ity) and gemilut chasodim (acts
To date, nearly $4,000 has
been raised. Beneficiaries of the
fund include Jewish Family Service, Meals on Wheels, Focus
Hope and other organizations involved in feeding the hungry.
Contributions are still being accepted. Checks should be
made payable to Cong. Bnai David Project Hunger Fund and sent
in care of Rabbi Yolkut to the synagogue, 24350 Southfield,
By CHARLES R. ALLEN, JR.
(Editor's note: Allen wrote a book in the 1960s, "Nazi War Criminals Among Us!" and has testified
before Congress about war criminals living in the United States.)
NEW YORK (JTA) — Klaus Barbie, the Gestapo "Butcher of Lyon," recently extradited from
Bolivia to France on charges of conducting mass murders and deportations of French Jews and
members of the resistance movement during the Holocaust was aided in his escape from Europe in
late 1949 and early 1950 by the Vatican, the U.S. Army's Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) and the
International Red Cross. -
This correspondent has pieced together from various documents, including the State Depart-
ment's, Barbie's movements since his first utilization by the -CIC in 1947 until his expulsion from
Bolivia 36 years later.
Barbie took the so-called "monastery route," an underground railroad so to speak, for scores of
wanted Nazi war criminals. The route was known to the U.S. Embassy in Rome which did nothing to
(Continued on Page 27)
Likud Defeats Three No-Confidence
Votes; Sharon Resigns Defense Post
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Premier Menahem Begin's coalition handily defeated three no-confidence motions
in the Knesset on Wednesday. The vote was 64-56 against the motions submitted separately by the Labor
Alignment, Shinui and the Hadash (Communist) Party demanding that the government resign because of the
findings of the commission of inquiry into the Beirut refugee camps massacre.
The heated debate which preceded the voting was one of the rare occasions when all 120 Knesset members
were present. Former Premier Yitzhak Rabin led off for the opposition Labor Party. He argued that the
government should resign because it had ministerial responsibility for the grave faults disclosed by the
The commission examined the government's conduct during the three days before and during the massacres
— Sept. 15-18 — and exposed glaring weaknesses, Rabin said. He added that it was conceivable that the same
weaknesses existed throughout the eight months of war in Lebanon.
Responding for the government, Justice Minister Moshe Nissim denied that the commission's
report was a condemnation of the functioning of the entire government. On the contrary, he said,the
report brought to light specific faults-and recorr _mended specific actions and the Cabinet took theM "in
(Continued on Page 6)
Zuckerman Will Lead Friends of Israel's Mentally Handicapped
NEW YORK — AKIM, the leading organization for the mentally handicapped in Israel, is establishing offices in
America. "The pieces are all in place for a major effort to support AKIM's vital work with more than 25,000 mentally
handicapped children and adults of all backgrounds and religions," said Michelle Bokobza, former president of AKIM in
France, who has come to the U.S. to expand activities here.
Paid Zuckerman of Detroit, former national chairman and president of the United Jewish Appeal, has
been named national president of the Friends of AKIM USA. Jonas Mimoun will serve as chairman of
development. The board also includes Ivan Novick, president of the Zionist Organization of America; Sidney
Wiener, national president of Bnai Zion; Philip T. Warren, chairman of the Am e - rica-Israel Chamber of
Commerce; Hart Hasten, executive committee of Israel Bonds; Dr. Henry Viscardi, president of the Human
Resources Center; and artist Alice Cahana, National Committee of The Women's Caucus for Art.
AKIM's new headquarters in the United States, donated by Bnai Zion, has opened in New York. Regional offices have
been established in Florida, Texas, New Jersey and Washington D.C., and are planned for Los Angeles, Detroit and other
"AKIM is a shining example of what people can accomplish together who care about their fellow human beings," said
Zuckerman, who has just toured AKIM facilities in Israel. "In a country that has lived in a nearly constant state of war,
AKIM has worked selflessly — out of economic necessity as well as philosophical belief — to help the disadvantaged
become contributing members of Israeli society," he said.
Founded in 1951, AKIM, which also means "I shall comfort" in Hebrew, is an acronym for the organization's full
name: The Association for the Rehabilitation of the Mentally Handicapped.
AKIM operates 50 facilities throughout Israel. These include schools, day care centers, hostels, sheltered
workshops, community centers, camps, social clubs and athletic facilities. They offer a broad range of
rehabilitation, training, and educational services, as well as counseling and support for parents.
This summer, AKIM's young "athletes" will represent Israel in the 1983 International Special OlympiC Games,
sponsored by the Kennedy Foundation, which will be held in Baton Rouge, July 12-18.
Shown at a program in New York announcing the
formation of Friends of AKIM USA are, from left,
Detroiter Paul Zuckerman, the new president of the
organization; national director Michele Bokobza and
Israeli Consul General Naphtali Lavie.