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February 04, 1983 - Image 72

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-02-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

72 Friday, February 4, 1983


Bias Strong in Lebanon War Cartoons in Soviet Press

Pravda ran this cartoon, "The moving force of
aggression," on June 13. It shows a U.S. hand moving
tanks from Israel into Lebanon.

Ancient Silver Scroll
Includes God's Name

JERUSALEM — A silver
scroll from the Seventh or
Sixth Century BCE bearing
a script which includes the
tetragram — the word
"Jehova" in Hebrew "Yud-
heh-vav-heh" — was re-
vealed in an archeological
dig in Jerusalem conducted
by Gabriel Barkay of Tel
Aviv University's Institute
of Archeology.
The tiny scroll — about
four inches in length and
one inch wide — is made of
pure silver and the mes-
sage, and amuletic text, still
to be deciphered, is
scratched onto it. This is the
first time in the history of
Jerusalem archeology that
"the name" appears, and the
first such prayer-like text or
amulet from that period to
be found in Israel.
The find was revealed in a
dig at the Hinnon Shoulder
near the- railroad station in
Jerusalem. The site
encompasses a broad range
of periods, from the Iron Age
to the present day, and in-
cludes a large Byzantine
church, a fortress, ancient
roads, a quarry and burial

An archeologist holds
the silver scroll found in

The silver scroll is one
of two found in a repos-
itory dug under a cave.
The repository, the first
one of its scope found in-
tact, contained some 700
different items, including
burial gifts, jewelry,
about 100 silver items,
iron arrowheads, the seal'
of a man named "Palta,"
and a rare coin from the
Sixth Century BCE from
the island of Cos in the
Aegean Sea, the earliest
coin ever found in Israel.
The find also included de-
licate glass objects from be-
fore the time glass was
blown, which may have, at
that time, been extremely
At the site of the dig, an-
other cave was discovered
with a Turkish cache of
weapons including dozens of
rifles, among them a Win-
chester. The arsenal appar-
ently included explosives
which must have exploded
some time in the 19th Cen-
tury, bringing down the
cave top upon them.
The same hill apparently
also served as a burial
ground for the 10th Roman
Legion, which practiced
cremation. Ten pyres for
cremation were found as
well as cooking pots for
making urns to contain the
The dig was conducted
by Tel Aviv University's
Institute of Archeology in
1975, 1979 and 1980 under
the supervision of Gab-
riel Barkay. It was also
sponsored by the Israel
Exploration Society, the
Biblical Archeology Re-
view and Yad Hanadiv.
The supervisors and dig-
ging staff were from Tel
Aviv University and the
American Institute of Holy
Land Studies.

flection of the war in Leba-
non in the Soviet press has
been a veritable flood of
political cartoons, many of
them extremely vitriolic in
nature. A representative
selection of these cartoons
has just been published by
the Hebrew University's
Soviet and East European
Research Center, as a spe.
cial supplement to• its
monthly Soviet press
Soviet political cartoons
are- not generally a forum
for the expression of new
ideas. Instead, such car-
toons are used to emphasize
well-established themes of
Soviet reporting. For exam-
ple, the motifs running
through the cartoons on the
war in Lebanon are few and
direct. Essentially, they are
"American-Israeli collab-
oration" and the "Israeli-
Nazi analogy."
The material included
gives an overall impres-
sion of greater extremism
than is gained from a
perusal of the written
press in the USSR.
The Hebrew University's
Soviet and East European
Research. Center is headed
by Dr. Edith Frankel. The
center is engaged in a
number of ongoing research
projects. The largest, the
Documentation Project on
Soviet and East European

Involvement in the Middle
East, was launched in 1970.
To provide systematic data
and informed analyses on
this key topic, staff at the
center scan the Soviet and
East European press, clip-
ping every item connected
with or referring to the
Middle East.
catalogued according to 132
subject headings.
Journal articles and all
East European materials
are also summarized in
English. Each item is at-
tached to a card and is re-
trievable by source and date
or by any of the 132 subjects.
The documentation bank
now contains 200,000 items.
The documentation
project also publishes an
monthly periodical, "The
Soviet Union and the
Middle East," to which
"The Lebanese War in
Soviet Political Car-
toons" is a special sup-
Other key research proj-
ects include studies of
Soviet institutions; the eco-
nomic and social absorption
of Soviet immigrants in Is-
rael; and the interrelations
among science, society and
politics in the Soviet Union.
Associates of the center
also publish papers on var-
ious facets of Soviet studies,
and many of its members

This cartoon shows the blood of Lebanon drip-
ping from an Israeli's boot into a bag marked profits.
The cartoon appeared July 11 in Krasnaia Zvezda.
have been commissioned for
In May 1982 the center
research or consultation by sponsored an international
such institutions as the In- conference on perspectives
ternational Institute for of the post-Brezhnev era; a
Strategic Studies in Lon- new conference on the same
don, the Rand Corp. and the topic is planned for next
Ford Foundation.
year. -

Jerusalem Institute Aiding Blind


United Jewish Appeal

first four years of her life,
Sara's world was a corner, a
rag doll her only company.
Ignored by seven brothers
and sisters, barely ac-
knowledged by her mother,
like a small, frightened
animal, Sara sat, sightless,
Yossi's mother died in a
car accident when he was a
baby, leaving nine children
behind. Yossi was born
blind. His father had no use
for an "imperfect" child.
Avi, a teenager, knew for
some time that his advanc-
ing blindness would one day
be final and irrevocable, but
it's a fact of life he found ex-
tremely difficult to accept
and deal with. How can you
give up the sky?
Today, Sara is not
alone. Yossi has found a
home where he is wanted
and Avi is beginning to
understand that the
gathering darkness need
not leave him helpless.
They are among 50 chil-
dren suffering from total,
partial or advancing blind-
ness who are living and
learning to help themselves

at the Jewish Institute for
the Blind in Kiryat Moshe,
Jerusalem supported in
part by funds from the
United Jewish Appeal 1983
Israel Special Fund.
Like many of their resi-
dent classmates, Sara and
Yossi and Avi have more to
overcome than blindness.
Sara is retarded and has au-
tistic tendencies. Yossi has
speech and physical coordi-
nation difficulties.. Avi
entered the institute in a
state of severe anxiety and
But all the children who
find their way to the insti-
tute are being actively and
lovingly helped to overcome
all handicaps and to realize
their potential for con-
tributing to Israeli society.
Along with his com-
pletely blind classmates,
Avi is learning to read
and write in Braille, to
operate special typewrit-
ers and to use a com-
prehensive Braille li-
brary; a new world open-
ing up to hini as the world
of sight closes down. Ex-
tensive counseling and
psychological services
have softened the acute-
ness of his depression.
Sports and music activi-
ties, combined with
patient speech therapy,
have strengthened Yos-
si's coordination and
sense of self. Judo in-
struction has given him a
feeling of control and
confidence. He is learn-
ing carpentry, ceramics
and weaving and will be
well trained to make a liv-

ing in the outside world.
Sara has no time to sit
apart and feel alone now.
Uncertainty and loneliness
fade in the face of group
learning experiences, indi-
vidual grooming help and
summer camp fun. There is
no stigma of retardation in
her slow movements during
the sewing and home eco-
nomics classes; each newly
learned- motor skill is a
landmark triumph.
Mobility training is the
key to progress for the insti-
tute's blind children. Today,
Dov, who has been blind
from birth and has taken
unaided steps only within
the confines of the institute,
faces a crucial test. His "les-
son" is to walk to the corner
grocery store and to buy
himself any candy he wants
a wonderful treat for any
He is learning to guide
himself with the white
cane of the blind. His in-
structor follows at a dis-

creet distance, flinching
with each obstacle
encountered, but allow-
ing the boy to find his
way and his satisfaction
for himself. Dov's world
is expanding, brighten-
ing the darkness.

The 50 children- living
and learning full-time at
the Jewish Institute for the
Blind are exceptions to the
prevailirig rehabilitation
pattern in Israel. Most
handicapped children in the
Jewish state today live and
are cared for within their
communities, if at all possi-
ble. Educators believe this
process of "mainstreaming"
is more beneficial because it
allows the children to lead
as normal a life as they
can. Blind children who are
mainstreamed have special
tutors who begin instruct-
ing them in basic life skills
at an early age. Special kin-
dergartens are available to
them in some areas.

Two children at the Jewish Institute for the Blind
in Jerusalem are developing their skills through play

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