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January 07, 1983 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-01-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Last U.S. Yiddish Daily, the Forward, Becomes a Weekly Feb. 4 r1

(Continued from Page 1)
last issue of the Yiddish
daily would be published on
Jan. 28. In its statement,
the association said that the
recently-started English-
language weekly supple-
ment would continue.
The association said that,
until about 1972, the publi-
cation, a non-profit opera-
tion, had been managing
but that around that time,
the - Forward began to be
hurt by the kind of rising

costs which, in the ensuing
decade, forced major
English newspapers
throughout the United
States and Canada to cease
Harold Ostroff, For-
ward general manager,
told the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency that staff
cuts were under study
but that the Forward
hoped to keep its present
staff writers, although on
a weekly basis.

Scholars Reject Assertion
Father Kolbe Was Biased

Allegations that the re-
cently canonized St.
Maximilian Kolbe was
anti-Semitic have brought
several scholars to the new
saint's defense.
St. Maximilian, a Polish
Conventual Franciscan
priest who volunteered to
die in another man's place
at the Nazi concentration
camp of Auschwitz in 1941,
was formally declared a
saint and a martyr by Pope
John Paul II in ceremonies
at the Vatican Oct. 10.
In December, columnist
Richard Cohen, who writes
for The Washington Post
and other newspapers, said
that in Father Kolbe's
canonization the . priest's
anti-Semitism "was swept
under the carpet" and the
church treated it "as a neg-
ligible blemish in an other-
wise admirable life."
Cohen quoted two
statements from Father
Kolbe's writings which
referred to the spread of
communism as part of a
Masonic conspiracy by
Zionists to take over the
In a letter to the Post,
Eugene Fisher, executive
secretary of the National
Conference of Catholic
Bishops' Secretariat for
Catholic - Jewish Relations,
said the documentary re-
cord of Father Kolbe's writ-
ings and actions belies the
charge of anti-Semitism.
He cited writings in
which Father Kolbe re-
pudiated anti-Semitism,
and he noted that an esti-
mated 1,500-2,000 Jewish
refugees were harbored at
the beginning of World War
II in the monastery Father
Kolbe founded and headed
in Poland.
Fisher traced the allega-
tions of anti-Semitism to an
article last April in a lead-
' ing Austrian paper, Weiner
Tagebuch (Vienna Jour-
nal), but said American
scholars had analyzed the
article and rejected its con-
clusions last summer.
The priest, said Fisher,
"should be not a point of
division but a symbol of
unity among all who
r would oppose the evil of
anti-Semitism today."
The Wiener Tagebuch ar-
ticle had said that Father
Kolbe was associated
with "rabid, racist anti-
Semitism" and that he
himself was anti-Semitic.
When the assertions were
reported in the St. Louis

F :

Friday, January 1, 1983: 3


Post-Dispatch last June,
Daniel L. Schlafly Jr., asso-
ciate professor of history at
St. Louis University, and
Warren Green, director of
the St. Louis Center for
Holocaust Studies, issued a
joint statement labeling the
charges "false."
"Father Kolbe's writings
do contain a few references
to Jews which reflect the
common anti-Semitic be-
liefs propagated in the 'Pro-
tocols of the Learned Elders
of Zion,' which was a well-
known forgery, as well as
reflected in the popular
Polish-Catholic culture in
the interwar period." They
"These references were
only a tiny fraction of the
total works (of Father
Kolbe) and were more than
counterbalanced by his in-
sistence that one must al-
ways act in a spirit of mis-
sionary zeal, charity and
prudence," Green and
Schlafly said.

Aliya Up

Chief Rabbi Moses Rosen of
Romania said that Jewish
emigration from his country
has increased by close to 50
percent in 1982 as compared
to 1981 in spite of the
dwindling community.
In a statement to the
Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Rosen said that
1,606 Jews left for Israel
compared to 1,067 in 1981
and 1,119 in 1980.
Rosen said that 737
have obtained the neces-
sary authorizations to
leave for Israel but have
not yet availed them-
selves of exit visas. He
said that according to -the
lists deposited with the
Federation of Romanian
Jewish Communities, 750
people have applied for
authorization to leave
and are still waiting for
the necessary docu-
The Romanian Chief
Rabbi stated last month
that no emigrating Jews
have been asked to pay the
recently legislated educa-
tion tax which requires all
emigrants to repay the
State for their free secon-
dary and higher education.
Rosen explained that he had
obtained assurances from
"the highest authorities"
that this tax would not be
levied on Jews leaving for

. _

The association said it
had remained "faithful" to
the "guiding principle" of its
creation "to serve the large
mass of Jewish immigrants
and to be their teacher in
adapting themselves to a
new home."
The statement added that
"over the course of the
years," the Forward had
adapted itself "to the many
changes in Jewish life both
here in America and around
the entire world. These past

10 years have seen the re-
serves which were built up
during the 'good old days'
and other assets liquidated,
in order to remain able to
publish five times a week."
The association said,
"The strongest support for
our existence came from the
loyal readers and friends
and the organized trade
union movement in having
raised $1.3 million in the
course of four separate
fund-raising campaigns."

Palace Is Unearthed

(Continued from Page 1) hall, large, well-executed
Temple period, the site also Doric capitals were found,
served as a station at which along with drums of col-
fires were lit to herald the umns from an impressive
beginning of each new structure of the Hasmonean
period. It is. probable that
On the summit of the hill this was part of the Hasmo-
are the remains of a large nean building constructed
fortified structure which during the time of Alexan-
collapsed. The excavation der Yanai or Queen Shlomz-
was carried out on the ion (Alexandra) and de-
slopes below the summit, at stroyed, according to
the edge of the ruins. A Josephus Flavius, by order
leveled area was discovered, of the Roman governor
partially hewn out of the Gabinius. This took place
rock, on which stood an im- after a siege in which Marc
posing. hall (about 20 x 20 Antony was commended for
meters) encircled by col- his valor in battle.
Among the finds were a
umns from the inside, form-
large number of or-
ing a peristyle.
The columns were namented stones from
coated with colored plas- the Hasmonean building
ter of various shades and and the Herodian build-
ornamented with Corint- ing, fragments of stucco
hian capitals. A largely- and of fresco, a mold for
destroyed mosaic floor the manufacture of slugs
was found in the center of for coins, as well as many
potsherds, some of them
the hall. •
This hall was probably bearing inscriptions in
the lower level of a splendid Hebrew and Greek.
Herodian palace which was
An earthquake which oc-
built in- terraces on the curred after the structure
was no longer in use dam-
' Beneath the floor of this aged the remnants.

Ostroff said the cam-
paigns were held in 1975,
1977, 1978 and during
mid-1981 to mid-1982. He
said that in 1973, the
Forward dropped its
Saturday issue, and four
years ago dropped its
Monday edition, publish-
ing four days a week
He said the association
put many other economies
into effect, including sale of
its building on East Broad-
way in lower Manhattan.
He said current circulation
is 20,000 and that the asso-
ciation hoped to maintain
that sales figure as a
The association said it
came to the conclusion that
it had only two options —
one, to cease publication,
"which was unthinkable,"
and the other, to become a

Community Forum

(Continued from Page 1)
Washington Democrat is
one of Israel's strongest
backers in the Senate and
was a sponsor of the
Jackson-Vanik Amend-
ment linking U.S.-Soviet
trade to the relaxation of
the policy on Jewish

Linowitz was President
Carter's special representa-
tive to the Israeli-Egyptian
negotiations with the rank
of ambassador. His role in
the shuttle diplomacy be-
tween Jerusalem and Cairo
was instrumental in
bringing about a peace

Sisco is former undersec-
retary of state for political
affairs, the top career post
in the State Department.
He is a respected authority
on the Middle East, having
served as U.S. negotiator in
the Middle East from 1969
to 1974.

long-time supporter of Is-
rael as America's strongest
ally in the Middle East, he is
a member of the Senate's
Armed Services, Gov-
ernmental Affairs and
Small Business committees.
Advance registration is
required for the- event. For
information, call Barbara
Satinsky at the Jewish Wel-
fare Federation, 965-3939.

weekly newspaper. :: ThAl
association said it had de-
cided to switch to a weekly
"with a strong determi,nai:7
tion to do everything in its
power to continue the.life of
this newspaper."

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