Concerned Jewish Community Makes Solidarity Sunday a Reality
By CHARLOTTE DUBIN and BEVERLY WOLKIND
Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit
The lives of Jews in Detroit, Israel and around the world were "on the line" Sunday,
as hundreds of volunteers reached out 'on the telephone for the 1983 Allied Jewish
Campaign and special Israel Emergency Fund. Results were a whopping $495,148 — a
54.5 percent increase over last year from the same 2,614 contributors.
(A later tally pushed the total over the $500,000 mark.)
While many Detroiters were outdoors enjoying the unseasonably sunny day, more
than 300 Campaign workers led by Chairmen Janice Schwartz and Dr. Paul C. Feinberg,
performed a labor of love for their fellow Jews in need.
The message was "solidarity" — Solidarity Sunday — and prospective con-
tributors, some of them unemployed, some retired and living on fixed incomes,
of Middle East
demonstrated that they know what solidarity is all about.
At the United Hebrew Schools headquarters in Southfield, volun-
teers worked in shifts after being briefed on the unique needs of the
1983 Campaign and second-line Israel Emergency Fund whose pro-
ceeds will go directly to Israel. The special IEF was instituted in
response to Israel's desperate need for cash to fund human services in
the aftermath of Operation Peace for Galilee.
At the same time, the effects of the economic downturn on Jewish Welfare Federa-
tion agencies were being emphasized. Said briefer Diane J. Klein, "Just to do the job we
did last year — for example, to help families deal with the emotional stress brought on by
unemployment — we must raise increased funds for the 1983 regular Campaign. To
(Continued on Page 17)
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
Commentary, Page 2
In Search of
of Jewish Events
Editorial, Page 4
Copyright © The Jewish News Publishing Co.
VOL. LXXXII, No. 9
17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$15 Per Year: This Issue 35c
October 29, 1982
Israel Inquiry Is in High Gear;
UN Demolishes Arabs' Move
Falasha Children Adapt
Quickly to Life in Israel
Falasha children at an absorption center in Israel play -
a game to help them learn Hebrew.
* * *
By WENDY ELLIMAN
United Jewish Appeal
BEN-GURION AIRPORT — The children cling to their el-
ders, overawed and overwhelmed, their eyes bright and curious.
The adults move slowly forward, glowing with messianic fervor,
and — half-blinded by tears of joy and thanksgiving —'they kneel
down to kiss the soil of Israel.
There is something achingly familiar about the scene. Israel
is ingathering her exiles. Refugees are coming home, clutching
all they possess in tightly-wrapped bundles.
(Continued on Page 5)
to Remove Trifa
NEW YORK — The American
Jewish Congress wants the Romanian
Orthodox Church in America to remove
Valerian Trifa of Grass Lake, Mich. from
his position as a bishop. Archbishop Trifa
has acknowledged lying about his Nazi
activities in World War II and is
scheduled to be deported.
Henry Siegman, executive director
of AJCongress, said the church for many
years refused to conduct its own investi-
gation or take any action against Trifa,
claiming it could do nothing until a secu-
lar court found him guilty. Trifa has now
acknowledged his guilt.
UNITED NATIONS (JTA) — The General As-
sembly Tuesday afternoon approved the credentials
of Israel and 89 other countries. Its approval followed
the adoption of a motion by Finland not to vote on
Iran's proposal of Monday night to reject the creden-
tials of Israel.
The vote in favor of the motion was 74-9 with 31
abstentions. It ended weeks of threats and specula-
tion that Israel would be suspended from participa-
tion in the 37th General Assembly currently in ses-
sion. After adopting the Finnish motion, the Assem-
bly approved the report of the Credentials Committee
covering the credentials of 90 member states, includ-
The nine nations voting against the Finnish
motion to halt the debate were Afghanistan, Al-
bania, Algeria, Cuba, Grenada, Iran, Libya,
Nicaragua and Vietnam.
In a surprise move, Iran decided to challenge
Israel's credentials to the Assembly and introduced
the issue for a vote despite an earlier decision by Arab
and other Moslem countries to drop their campaign
against Israel for the time being. The Iranian pro-
posal, introduced by Ambassador Said Rajaie-
Khorassani, was offered as an amendment to a report
of the Assembly's Credentials Committee which
recommended the approval of Israel's credentials
along with 89 other member states.
Iran said that it decided to press for Israel's sus-
pension because it believed the United States would
not carry out its threat to withdraw its financial
support of the UN if Israel were expelled. Even if the
U.S. halted its payments, Iran said, it would make up
the financial loss, together with Libya.
The U.S. warned repeatedly in the last few weeks
that it would walk out of the Assembly and suspend
payments to the UN if Israel were expelled. The U.S.
pays more than 25 percent of the UN budget of $600
(Continued on Page 8) '
JERUSALEM (JTA) — It was assumed that
when Israel sent the Christian Phalangist forces into
the Sabra and Shatila camps in west Beirut that
there would be civilian deaths, Defense Minister
Ariel Sharon told the judicial commission of inquiry
"No one thought they (the Phalangists) would
behave as we behave," he said. "But it is a very far cry
from that assumption to the anticipation of a bloody
massacre . . . None of us, myself included, ever for one
moment in our worst dreams anticipated or feared a
horror like that."
. This distinction between anticipation of
some civilian casualties and anticipation of a
massacre was one of the key themes in the public
testimony of Sharon before the commission of
inquiry. He gave evidence in open court for more
than two hours Monday before chairman Jus-
tice Yitzhak Kahan ruled that the rest of his evi-
dence would be heard behind closed doors.
The Defense Minister said that no one in Israel,
at any level of decision-making, raised the thought of
a potential massacre in prior consultations concern-
ing the entry of the Phalangists into the camps. This
statement, he said, included Deputy Premier David
Levy's remark at the Sept. 16 Cabinet meeting refer-
ring to a possible massacre. Sharon said Levy had
"not opposed" the decision to send the Phalangists in.
Sharon said Israel's purpose in sending the
(Continued on Page 10)
ADL Report Chides Television
Coverage of War in Lebanon
NEW YORK (JTA) — An Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith study of television
network coverage of the war in Lebanon acknowledges the networks' "desire for truth
and accuracy" in news coverage and the "inherent difficulties',' in war reporting.
It nevertheless cites numerous examples of errors found in examining tapes
of the evening news broadcasts of the three major networks — CBS, NBC and
ABC — from June 4 to Sept. 1. The report, prepared by media specialists Garth-
Furth International, covers only the tapes from this period.
According to Kenneth Bialkin, ADL's national chairman, "the following factors
contributed to our perception of a lack of balance in the news media's handling of Israel's
actions in Lebanon":
• Inflated casualty figures reported and not corrected, as well as other factual
• Melodramatic portrayals of Israeli censorship.
• Lingering and graphic daily coverage of the wounded and suffering that over-
whelmed or overlooked the political, historical and military context of the situation.
(Continued on Page 6)
See Story on Page 14
A Mental Health
Hotline Is Set Up
for Holland Jews
AMSTERDAM (JTA) — The war in
Lebanon and the fallout from that war in
the form of biased media reporting and
the growth of anti-Semitism in Holland
has traumatized a sizeable portion of the
Jewish population. Many are suffering
from severe anxiety and depression.
In order to help them, the Dutch
Jewish Mental Health Society has de-
cided to establish a 24-hour hotline for
such Jews to call in for psychological
counseling. The service will function on
an experimental basis for six months.
Twenty-five persons will rotate in an-
swering the hotline.