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October 22, 1982 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1982-10-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Israel Reacts Negatively to Gemayel at UN

(Continued from Page 1)
tion of south Lebanon for
several months in 1978 and
the frequent incursions of
Israeli troops into Lebanon
in pursuit of Palestinian
terrorists since then.
Israel's Labor Party
declared Tuesday that
Gemayel's comments at
the UN should prompt
the government "to wake
up from its hallucina-
tions" and return to the
"national objectives"
which have guided Is-
rael's security policy
since the establishment
of the state.
The Laborites said it was
now clear "beyond any
doubt" that those who sent
the Israeli army to war with
the hope of changing the
political map and achieving
peace with Lebanon have
"made a terrible mistake."
Earlier, 'there had been
an ,air of optimisM in
Jerusalem over the situa-
tion in Lebanon following
the talks between Foreign
Minister Yitzhak Shamir
and U.S. Secretary of State
George Shultz at the end of
last week in Washington
and following Israel-
Lebanon contacts in Beirut.
Officials spoke, after the
weekly cabinet ,meeting
Sunday, of a "not unfavora-
ble" reception by both the
Americans and the
Lebanese for Israel's
proposals for Lebanon.
The officials said Wash-
ington had seemed to ac-
cept the Israeli ideas as a
"reasonable" basis for
discussion. The U.S.
would apparently put
forward its own pro-
posals only after
Lebanese President
Amin Gemayel's visit to
Washington this week.
But, said the Isfaeli offi-
cials, certain key ele-
ments of the Israeli pro-
posal appear to have
gained American sup-
Above all, the officials
said, Israel's demand for di-
rect talks between itself and
Lebanon on security ar-
rangements in south Leba-

non seemed to have won Plenipotentiary Conference
understanding in Washing- in Nairobi, Kenya this week
to expel Israel, and a similar
Such direct talks are al- move led by Libya and Iran
ready underway, on an un- to bar Israel from the Gen-
official level.
eral Assembly.
Israel is reportedly flatly
The United States walked
opposed to any continued out of the International
role for the United Nationsl Atomic Energy Agency
Interim Force in Lebanon (IAEA) conference in Vie-
(UNIFIL) in policing the nna last month after Israel's
southern border zone. The credentials were with-
U.S. wants to keep this op- drawn. Shultz said the U.S.
tion open.,
is holding up the rest of its
Israel wants a special 1982 payment to the IAEA
role for the Christian — $8.5 million.
militia forces of Maj.
Saad Haddad. The U.S. excluded from the Gen-
opposes this — although eral Assembly, the U.S.
Israel sources say Shultz would withdraw from
did not say so specifically participation in the As-
sembly and would with-
in his talk with Shamir.
Israel is also calling for draw payments from the
the PLO to be removed from UN until Israel's right to
all of Lebanon even before partiCipate is restored,"
the simultaneous Israeli- Shultz said. While the
Syrian withdrawal begins. Arab and Third World
The U.S. does not see this nations are reported
backing away from an at-
as a realistic proposition.
Israel TV showed a film of tempt to expel Israel from
the Foreign Ministry's per- the General Assembly,
manent office in Baabda, a Iran has announced that
suburb of east Beirut, term- it will go ahead with the
ing it an embassy-in-the- attempt regardless. •
Shultz said the U.S.
making. Israeli officials de-
nied later that the U.S. had would also walk out of the
urged Israel to withdraw Nairobi conference and
this office. They said the withdraw money from the
Foreign Ministry' was anx- International Telecom-
ious to maintain it even munications Union if Israel
after the IDF pulls out of the is expelled. "We will take
area, provided satisfactory such actions in other UN
security arrangements can organizations if there are
similar moves," he added.
be made.
* * *
"The exclusion of Israel
from the Gttheral Assembly
U.S. Fighting
or the International Tele-
Israel Expulsion
communications Union in
from UN Agencies
these circumstances would
Israel's Ambassador to be contrary to the principles
the United States, Moshe of the UN" and in the case of
Arens, has praised what he the General Assembly, "a
called Secretary of State clear cut violation of the UN
George Shultz's "courage- Charter," Shultz said. He
ous step" in warning said it would also contradict
against the expulsion of Is- the purpose of the
rael from any organization UN, "creating further con-
of the United Nations.
flict and division" rather
Shultz issued a statement than settling disputes.
this week saying the United
Shultz warned, too, that
States would cut off U.S the exclusion of Israel
funds from any UN agency, "would also be a serious set-
including the General As- back for progress toward
sembly, if it expelled Israel. peace in the Middle East"
The statement was seen as and would be "a tragic
an effort to prevent a vote by irony" if it - eame "just at a
the International Tele- time when there is renewed
communication Union's hope for progress in the

raeli columnist and author
Matti Golan believes that
the Israeli press influenced
two major decisions of the
Israeli government 'in the
last few months: not to in-
vade Beirut while the PLO
was still in the western sec-:
for of the city, and to estab-
lish a judicial commission of
inquiry to investigate Is-
rael's role, if any, in the
massacre of Palestinian
civilians by units of the
Lebanese Christian
Phalangists in west- Beirut
Sept. 16-18.
Golan, in New York on a
two-week lecture tour
under the sponsorship of the
American Zionist Federa-
tion, described jhe Israeli
press as "an open, free press
and a responsible' one."
Golan, a political colum-
nist for Haaretz and author

of the bestseller, "The
Secret Conversations of
Henry Kissinger," con-_
tended that due to constant
pressure by the Israeli press
in the first stages of the
Lebanon war, the IDF de-
clined to invade west Beirut
and crush the PLO ter-
rorists, a move the press
said would have caused
many Israeli casualties and
further damage Israel's
image abroad. But the role
of the press and its impact
on Israeli politics was shar-
ply and clearly demon-
strated by the decision of
the government of Premier
Menahem Begin to estab-
lish a commission of inquiry
after first rejecting that
"The Israeli press in-
creased the public notion
that there was a possibil-
ity that something in-

Journalist Says Strong Israeli Press
Influenced Beirut Invasion and Inquiry

Friday, October 22, 1982 5


Middle East."
Iran said this week it
would pay the U.S. share
if the U.S. walked out of
the telecommunicaitons
Newsweek magazine
claimed this week that PLO
chief Yasir Arafat was
fighting the UN move
against Israel because it
would "cost the PLO much
of the international sym-
pathy it earned during the
seige of Beirut."

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appropriate was done by
Israel regarding the mas-
sacre in Beirut, and this
notion created the pres-
sure that brought about
the establishment of the
commission," Golan said.

"Being an Israeli jour-
nalist, your involvement
with events goes beyond
mere reporting," Golan
said. "You become part of
the events whether you like
it or not."
According to Golan, the
Israeli press is a fighting
press and fulfills its role as a
watchdog of democracy. He
said the press is not•in any
danger of losing its freedom
under the Begin' govern-
ment nor any other gov-
ernment in the future "be-
cause democracy is imbued
in Israeli life and freedom of
the press is in our blood."

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