THE JEWISH NEWS („sps„5520)
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the ninth day of Elul, 5742, the following scriptural selections will be read_in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 21:10-25:19.
Prophetical portion, Isaiah 54:1-10.
Candlelighting, Friday, Aug. 27, 7:56 p.m.
VOL. LXXXI, No. 26
Friday, Aug. 27, 1982
PEACE: JUST AND HONORABLE
Removal of the PLO menace from Lebanon is
a temporary peace, and only in that area. The
future controversies are in the balance. The
total peace is yet to be achieved. An end to
warfare remains the chief aim of every honora-
ble person, and both Israelis and their an-
tagonists must join that category.
Predictions and aims are in conflict. The
prophets foresee more trouble and a continuing
PLO enmity from the areas now provided them
as shelters. On the broadest basis, the aim for a
realistic and lasting peace, responsibilities now
rest upon Israel, the United States as her most
dependable friend and defender and under all
circumstances the Arab world.
Reference to the Palestinians" can no longer
be shunned. The emphasis remains: they must
not be confused with the PLO. An existing
Palestinianism must be acknowledged and
working from such a basis the parties involved
must get down to the brass tacks of the grave
issue and seek a lasting solution.
It would be useless to resort to a gripe and to
insist that Israel has always striven for peace.
She continues on that path. The obstacles have
not been hurdled. Now is the time to approach
the matter with a determination to reach the
hearts and minds of Israel's neighbors, the
Whatever the attitude either to "autonomy"
or the demand for "self-determination," a way
must be found to attain the neighborliness that
spells peace, and a peace that is based on justice
Israelis are not blind to reality. They harbor
extremes in all approaches and a powerful ele-
ment bent upon granting the rights due to the
neighbors n2W branded as "enemies."
A commendable role played in the Lebanese
conflict by the leader of the opposition to
Menahem Begin, Shimon Peres, lends credence
to the fact that Israelis seek not only security
but an assurance of safety for land and people
based on a wholesome and lasting peace.
There is evidence of it in a very important
statement by a responsible Israeli, Ranaan
Weitz, a member of the executive of the World
Zionist Organization and since 1962 head of the
Rural Settlements Department of the Jewish
Agency. He outlined his . views in a New York
Times Op-Ed Page article on Aug. 18. His views
were presented before the end of the Beirut
battles and the very title of his essay, "Meeting
Israeli and Palestinian Needs," contains the
emphasis that the term "Palestinian" is not
treated with disdain. He had some important
proposals for a solution of the problem and there
is reason to believe that an approach to just
handling of the issues is not remote. Here are
the points advanced by Weitz:
"The problem of refugees in search of a home-
land cannot possibly be 'solved' by force of arms.
Such 'solutions' only exacerbate the problem.
We Jews know from bitter experience that refu-
gees in search of a homeland will ultimately
attain their objective. But the Palestinian prob-
lem cannot be solved at Israel's expense.
"My proposal for the reconciliation of both
peoples' needs consists of an interim and a final
"For the interim period of five years, I would
propose a speedy end to the autonomy negotia-
tions on the understanding that autonomy is
nothing more than a transitional stage .. .
"Israel's contribution to this settlement ac-
tivity among Palestinian refugees would open
the way for a permanent solution — one that
would require similar contributions and proj-
ects sponsored by the Arab countries where
Palestinian refugees are now living.
"There are three possible permanent solu-
tions for the Arabs in the occupied territories.
But the precondition for any permanent solu-
tion must be the existence of a Jewish-
settlement barrier extending along the Jordan
River and constituting a part of the state of
Israel. Only such a barrier can insure Israeli
security through a practical and permanent
demilitarization of the West Bank without the
need of paper assurances.
"The first possible solution would be an
agreement with Jordan by which the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip could be included in
Jordan in any form or manner that Jordanians
and Palestinians agreed upon.
"A second possibility is a federative union
between Israel and the Arab districts in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip. Such a state would
be composed of eight districts — five with clear
Jewish majority and three with a clear Arab
majority. Jerusalem — itself a separate district
— would be the capital city and the seat of the
"Each district would elect a fixed and equal
number of representatives to the federal parli-
ament. This body would elect a central govern-
ment that would oversee the security and
foreign relations of the state — which might be
called Eretz Israel (Palestine). The internal af-
fairs of each district — development projects,
immigration, education, health, social welfare,
religious affairs, etc. — would be relegated to
local governments elected by regional councils..
third option is the establishment of a
Palestinian state through the union of the West
Bank and Gaza Strip into one political unit,
enjoying full rights except for the establishment
of an army and the acquisition of heavy
weaponry. In this case, the existence of an
Israeli-settlement barrier along the Jordan
would be particularly important to insure the
permanent demilitarization of the Palestinian
state in all possible future political upheavals."
There is a basis for treating the matter with
concern as well as restraint, with a realization
that this entire issue, which has become one of
the most serious diplomatically for the entire
world, is not to be shelved or postponed.
This is a time for action. There can be no peace
unless both elements, Arabs and Jews, Israelis
and their antagonists labor together for a
shalom that is also salaam. This is where the
voice and action of Israel's dearest friend, the
United States, is expected to play an honorable
New Aneneum Offering
Hart's `Return to Auschwitz'
Kitty Hart had an important role on television early in 1981, in a
documentary in which she detailed her harrowing experiences in the
Nazi concentration camps. Emphasis in that account was on her
survival during 18 months in Auschwitz.
The Auschwitz tour, with her description of the camp's facilities,
added to the effectiveness of her story. She brought along, in the
course of her detailed accounting, her son, now a practicing physician
in Canada, to witness what his mother had experienced.
Her purpose was to provide knowledge about events not to be
"Return to Auschwitz" (Atheneum) is the published account of
her description of Auschwitz as she directed the tour of the camp in
her TV documentary.
On TV, Kitty Hart made limited reference to the sufferings of
Jews as Jews. In her book she devotes a lengthy chapter to "The Final
Solution." Here the reader finds an account of Hitler's rise to power,
the manner in which he made anti-Semitism the core of his hatreds,
thus resulting in his bestialities.
While the account she provides is repetitive of the well known
details about the Hitler terror, it offers historical data to keep the
world aware of what occurred. Especially valuable, as she revisited
Auschwitz, is this description:
"Few people nowadays appreciate the vastness of Auschwitz at
its operational peak. I didn't fully grasp it myself until I returned hi
1978, since no inmate was ever allowed to wander about freely be-
tween the different sections or ask questions. Even in 1978 it was hard
to take in its size; little remained of the original industrial complex,
but from what I had read hi the intervening years and what I now
pieced together I could conjure up a broad picture.
"With 40 sub-camps and purpose-built factory compounds, it in
fact covered some 25 square miles. The original camp of Auschwitz I
was occupied by the central administration for the whole concern,
Gestapo HQ, accommodation for representatives of various arma-
ment and other firms with military contracts, and political prisoners
of all nationalities. Officers and SS garrison were housed there, along
with the torture bunkers and medical experimentation block.
"Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, was primarily an extermination
center, but until your hour of death came you slaved for the glory of
the Reich. Auschwitz III provided labor for building, and later con-
trolled subsidiary camps dealing with agriculture, fish farming and
coal mines. Krupp, Siemens and other well-known combines set up
their factories in the neighborhood." _
At this point she exposed the LG. Farben share in the
murder of Jews in the camps and the manufacturing processes`
which she was used as a slave laborer.
Mrs. Hart points out that Auschwitz was a profit-making
enterprise for the Nazis, that the factories in the camp "achieved an
output which might have been higher with healthy employees but
still could hardly lose money when paying only a pittance to the half
dead. The SS got the biggest rake-off."
There follows the expose of soap-making from human bodies,
cloth and felt from human hair. She also exposes the medical labora-
Exposed also are the cruelties of Dr. Josef Mengele and Irma
Thus, "Return to Auschwitz" is more exposing than was the Hart