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August 20, 1982 - Image 61

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1982-08-20

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, August 20, 1982 61

U.S. Lebanon, Israel Applaud Habib as Beirut Conflict Ends

(Continued from Page 1)
rael, is opposed by most
Lebanese Moslem
groups. The turbulence
Lebanon has suffered,
capped by the-Israeli in-
vasion, appeared to have
damaged the usual proc-
ess of Moslem - Christian
political accommodation
in Lebanon. That ac-
commodation requires
that the president must
be a Maronite Christian;
the prime minister a
inni Moslem and the
deaker of parliament a
Shiite Moslem.
A related problem is
PHILIP HABIB
that about 30 deputies come
from areas under Syrian Lebanon — the Phalan-
domination. A smaller gist Party army which
number come from areas numbers some 30,000
controlled by Druze leader fighters. Bashir Gemayel
Walid Jumblatt, who has is the only possible can-
come out strongly against didate who can afford to
Bashir Gemayel's candi- bid for the presidency
without concern over the
dacy.
Observers said that if fact that he is blamed as
the Syrians want to do so, one who cooperated with
they can place a significant the Israeli invasion.
Officially, Israel is re-
obstacle in Bashir
Gemayel's path and per- maining aloof from the elec-
haps prevent his election. tion process, but at least one
The lone candidate is aware Israeli minister — Yuval
of that problem and in re- Neeman, the newly-named
cent days has taken - two science and development
steps to conciliate the Sy- minister — has expressed
open support for Bashir
rians.
In a newspaper inter- Gemayel.
Accordingly, Israel's posi-
view, Bashir Gemayel, who
is considered a "col- tion is that it has no inten-
laborator" with Israel — the tion of becoming involved in
Phalangist Party's military the election, but observers
force received military aid have declared that Israel
from Israel prior to the may react less objectively if
"Peace for Galilee" action Bashir Gemayel fails or an
Israel launched last June 6 alternate candidate
— said that if he was elected emerges. It is known that
president, it would not be up Bashir Gemayel is not popu-
to him, but to "the people," lar outside of his direct sup-
to sign a peace with Israel. porters and that he has
His second move was to send strong opposition even in
a delegation to Damascus the Christian camp.
But if Bashir Gemayel is
apparently to try to per-
suade the Syrians to sup- elected president, observers
said this would constitute a
port his candidacy.
in Lebanese poli-
Bashir Gemayel was revolution
tics. Until Lebanon was
conceded to be entitled to
credit for one successful wracked by internal clashes
move. He prevailed over and then by the Syrian and
PLO occupation the only
Lebanese Moslems who democracy
in the Arab
wanted the election to be world was ruled by older,
postponed until after conservative politicians.
completion of the with-
drawal of the Israeli
But Bashir Gemayel is
forces. They had con- an American-style can-
tended that the didate, who relies on his
presidential election own military forces and
should not be held "at on the unobstrusive sup- -
gun-point."
port of Israel. As
In an effort to prevent a president, he will face
Christian - Moslem clash many problems. Israel
over the election timing, will expect him as
Saab Salam and Takki president to establish
A-Din, leaders of the Mos- conditions making it im-
lem Sunni Camp, met with possible for Lebanon to
Pierre Gemayel and Kamil again serve as a terrorist
Chamoun, a former operational base. To do
president.
that and to restore
Despite protests from the domestic stability, he will
Jumblatt camp, the Mos- need a lot of talent and
Sunni leaders approved luck and some observers
election, but Salam told feel that even that will not
reporters that the election be enough to do the job.
should not be held in haste
Meanwhile, the Israel
and "if done with a violent cabinet was expected to
challenge, there could be convene Thursday to ap-
very serious consequences." prove the plan presented by
Observers commented U.S. special envoy Philip ,
that the fact that Bashir Habib leading to the evacu-
Gemayel is the only ation of the Palestine Lib-
presidential candidate is eration Organization from
not coincidental-.
Beirut.
With the defeat of the
Premier Menahem Begin
PLO and the Syrians, he received the proposal after
relies on one of the the Lebanese Cabinet in Be-
strongest military forces irut accepted the plan and
now functioning in formally requested that an

.

international force be de- said they were amazed by
ployed in Lebanon. An Is- what they described as Beirut bombing, however, American position in the
that city's only Middle East has also been
raeli official said that Begin "relatively little civilian was
synagogue, the Maghen Ab-
would review the draft and damage" caused by the _ raham. The roof was de- greatly enhanced. A whole
generation of Soviet
indicated that Israel's con- fighting in Lebanon.
stroyed and concrete and weapons has been destroyed
ditions for the evacuation of
Harry Kinnard, a former plaster litter the floor of the and King Hussein (of Jor-
the some 6,000 PLO fighters commanding general of the now vacant building.
dan) is not likely to turn to
from Beirut had been met.
U.S. Army Combat De-
In New York, Shirnon Moscow for Soviet missiles
The final Israeli demand velopment Command, said
and planes."
was the request for the im- that, compared to anything Peres, head of Israel's Labor
At the UN, Israel Ambas-
Party
and
leader
of
the
op-
mediate release of Aharon in his military experience,
sador Yehuda Blum de-
Achias, an Israeli pilot cap- the damage to civilians was position in the Knesset, de- clared that Israel stands for
fended Israel's incursion
tured by the PLO and be- minimal.
into
Lebanon in an address the "full restoration of
lieved to be held in west Be-
His statement was sup-
Lebanese sovereignty, in-
irut; and the release of the ported by other members last Friday at the Confer- dependence and territorial
ence
of
Presidents
of
Major
bodies of nine Israeli of the group which in-
integrity." But, he stressed,
soldiers killed in the Litani cluded George Patton, American Jewish Organ- it is essential "that all
izations.
operations three years ago son of the World War II
non-Lebanese elements
and the recent fighting in hero; Richard Carr; Sid-
In defending Israel's without exception remove
Lebanon.
ney Barry; and Lewis "Peace for Galilee" opera- themselves from Lebanese
The agreement to the Perlstein a member of tion, Peres said "Israel had soil and that the Lebanese
final demands of Israel is the U.S. Army
'
National no choice but to end the PLO people be enabled to take
reportedly contained in Advisory Board.
threat to its security." As a their destiny into their own
the draft proposal which
One of the tragedies of the result, he added, "the hands." -
Begin has received. If Is-
Reports from Israel
rael approves the plan,
Thursday said that Israel
the Lebanese would then
agreed to the pullout ar-
relate the details to the
rangement with minor
PLO for its approval.
changes which Prime
According to officials, the
By HERBERT LUFT
Minister Begin communi-
Wahl's
character
works
(Copyright, 1982, JTA, Inc.)
implementation of the plan
cated by telephone to Habib.
together with the Israeli
for the evacuation could
"The Soldier," produced, secret service to counteract Habib accepted the changes
begin this weekend with written and directed by 32- the threat to world survival sought by Israel, and was
French troops arriving to year-old James Glic- with a missile launching reported to have said that it
act as the buffer between kenhaus for Embassy Pic-
was Arafat who was "drag-
the Israeli forces and the tures, is a nightmarish targeded at Moscciw. Out- ging his feet" on the matter.
maneuvered,
the
Russians
departing PLO.
story dealing with interna-
off, the oil fields are
Meanwhile, several tional terrorism. The title of back
saved, the U.S. planes di- `Egyptian - Israeli
minor violations of the the film refers to an verted and the Israeli
cease-fire by PLO terrorists enigmatic soldier of fortune settlers spared.
Relations. Smooth
was reported Wednesday by portrayed by newcomer Ken
Despite Lebanon'
an Israel Defense Force Wahl.
spokesman.
JERUSALEM (JTA) —
In the film, Russian ter- Jewish Students
He said terrorists di- rorists plant a plutonium
Egypt has honored its peace
rected some small fire at Is- bomb at the immense Gol- Decline in USSR
treaty with Israel despite
raeli positions in the Beirut war oil field of Saudi
JERUSALEM (JNI) — recent strains over the war
area and small arms and Arabia. The U.S. govern- An alarming decline in the in Lebanon, Foreign Minis-
bazooka fire on the eastern ment learns of a fiendish number of Jewish students ter Yitzhak Shamir told Is-
sector near the area held by blackmail plot to force the enrolled in Moscow's in- rael Radio. Nevertheless,
Syrian troops. There were Israelis to give up the West stitutions of higher learn- after a meeting last week
no Israeli casualties. The Is- Bank to avoid the threat of ing was highlighted in a re- with Egypt's Ambassador to
raelis, who at first held an explosion which im- cent report from the Israel, Saad Mortada,
their fire, responded with mediately would render 50 London-based Institute of Shamir conceded that there
small arms fire.
were "certain problems" in
percent of the world's oil Jewish Affairs.
In Washington, the Re- supplies useless due to radi-
According to the docu- the relations between the
agan Administration ation.
ment, 19,500 Jewish pupils two countries.
continued to express its
The far-fetched story, studied in Moscow's institu-
The Foreign Minister
satisfaction that the which was devised long be- tions of higher learning in
indicated
Israel was
cease-fire in Lebanon fore the current conflict in 1970-1976, representing 3.6 displeased that
with anti-Israel
was being maintained the Middle East, hints that percent of all students in comments in the Egyptian
following President the American government Moscow.
news media and by Egyp-
Reagan's expression of could be pressured to dis-
A decade later, the total tian leaders, but em-
"outrage" by telephone patch planes to drive the Is- had declined to under phasized that Egypt re-
to Premier Menahem raelis from Judea and 10,000, constituting 1.57 mained loyal to the peace
Begin last week over Is- Samaria.
percent of all students.
treaty.
rael's bombardment of
west Beirut.
At the United Nations, a
resolution calling for strict
observance of the cease-fire
in Beirut and demanding
that Israel permit the de-
ployment of UN observers
in the Beirut area was
unanimously approved by
the Security Council last
week. The United States
joined the other 14 members
of the council in supporting
the resolution.
At the same time, UN
Secretary General Javier
Perez deCuellar recom-
mended that the mandate of
the United Nations Interim
Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
be extended for two more
months. The current man-
date of the force, which was
last extended by the Sem :
rity Council June 18, ex-
pired Thursday.
In response to the current crisis in Thrael, a group of Detroiters attended a
In a related development, special United Jewish Appeal regional briefing and fund-raising meeting in Cleve-
five retired American army land. Among those who met with Yosef Tekoah, former Israel ambassador to the
g enerals who have just UN, were, from left: Jane Sherman, Michelle Passon Sharon Taylor, Allan Gel-
completed -a tour of Israel fond, Doreen Hermelin, Ellen Bean, Dolores Farber, Sharon Hart, Robert Naftaly,
and Lebanon at the invita- Michael Feldman, Barbara Stollman Linda Lee, Philip Liner, Howard Tapper,
tion of the Anti - Defama- Sonny Raichlen and Barbara Berry. The meeting was chaired by Detroiter Lawr-
tion League of Bnai Brith ence Jackier, UJA East Central regional chairman.

Film The Soldier' Describes
Terrorist Plot Against Israel

Detroiters Attend UJA Briefing

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