THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
16 Friday, June 18, 1982
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The current situation in
Argentina draws attention
to the recently published
Jewish Publication Society
Volume, "The Jews of
Argentina" by Robert
Commenting on it, Prof.
Nathan Glazer stated:
"The first full-scale study
in English of an important
— and crisis-wracked —
Jewish community, the fifth
largest in the world is a
compelling account of a
people in a land that has
displayed both hospitality
and barbarism toward its
It is "a land where today
nearly half of the world's re-
corded incidents of anti-
Semitism annually occur."
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•. and Me'
(Copyright 1982, JTA, Inc.)
THE ADL CONCLAVE: The five-day national con-
clave of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith, held in
New York early this month and attended by about 400
Jewish community leaders from all parts of the country,
actually marked the entrance of the organization into the
70th year of its existence.
I remember the early years of the ADL with its na-
tional headquarters in the "Loop" — the teeming business
section of Chicago. In those years there was no politic
anti-Semitism as yet in the United States. There was d_
crimination in housing in certain neighborhoods in the
larger cities and social snobism. The major ADL activity
was to fight against the comic image of the Jew presented in
vaudeville programs in the moving picture houses. There
were no "talkies" at that time as yet; only "silent movies."
Moving picture houses used to supplement their silent
films with vaudeville programs by comedians who poked
fun at Jews by telling phony jokes, mimicking manners of
Jewish immigrants, immitating their poor English.
This was not looked upon as anti-Semitism. The own-
ers of the moving picture houses considered it merely as
entertainment calculated to stimulate laughter in the
audience. Similar fun was also poked at Italians and other
immigrant nationalities. However, it did create a false
image of the Jew — a prototype which was resented by
many Jews. The ADL started by fighting this kind of
"entertainment" defaming Jews. Hence the name "Anti-
Defamation League." It succeeded in having it totally
eliminated from the stage.
But a more serious period for Jews followed — the
period of Henry Ford's fanatical anti-Semitism and the
emergence in full force of the Ku Klux Klan with its anti-
Jewish and anti-black rabid propaganda.
ADL TODAY: Today, the ADL is active in various
fields of human relations. Its prime objective has been,
however, to counter anti-Jewish defamation and assaults
on Jewish status and rights. It acknowledges that overt
anti-Semitism has diminished in this country in the last
decades, but it continues to be on the alert against all forms
of bigotry. It asserts that the roots of anti-Semitism are
deep and its manifestations far from dead in the U.S.
At their five-day policy-making national meeting in
New York, the ADL leaders evaluated the political and
social problems of concern to American Jewry at the pre-
sent time. Among the subjects discussed was also the poten-
tial threat of increased anti-Semitism by the growth of the
extremist radical right as well as of the left-wing ex-
tremists who are influenced by Soviet propaganda; also the
barrage of Arab propaganda in this country with its false
information and distorted pictures of Israel.
The feeling at the meeting was that Jews in this coun-
try have nothing to fear under the present circumstances,
but they must remain on guard. High officials of the State
Department addressed a session of the gathering on U.S.
foreign policy and on human rights developments.
Cabinet to Levy Tax to Pay
for Invasion into Lebanon
Aridor estimated that the
TEL AVIV (JTA) — The
Israel Cabinet decided to new levies will bring in
levy a series of taxes to help about $15 billion shekels
pay for the Lebanon cam- (750 million) this year.
Meanwhile, the govern-
They include a two per- ment and the Jewish
cent levy on stock and bond Agency are planning a spe-
purchases on the stock ex- cial fundraising campaign
change; a 25 percent in- abroad in the wake of the
crease on the current 12 "Peace for Galilee" military
percent value added tax, operation in Lebanon, it
bringing VAT to 15 percent; was disclosed by Cabinet
and a special 600 shekel ($5) Secretary Dan Meridor._
tax on all Israelis going
The Cabinet also decided
to set up an inter-
The travel tax, which Fi- departmental committ
nance Minister Yoram headed by Economik,
Aridor insisted was not a Minister Yaacov Meridor to
travel tax, will be in force coordinate Israeli .
until Sept 30 "so that Is- humanitarian aid to war-
raelis going abroad instead town Lebanon.
of vacationing in Israel can
Israeli officials made it
help pay for the campaign
while other Israelis are still clear that Jerusalem will
cooperate with the Interna-
serving in the army."
The other levies are to tional Red Cross to
be imposed until the end facilitate overseas
of the current financial humanitarian aid to reach
year, when the Knesset Lebanon and to be effec-
tively distributed there.
can reconsider them.