THE JEWISH NEWS
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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
The Jewish News Publishing Co.
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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 14th day of Sivan, 5742, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Numbers 4:21-7:89. Prophetical portion, Judges 13:2-25.
Candlelighting, Friday, June 4, 8:45 p.m.
VOL. LXXXI, No. 14
Friday, June 4, 1982
JORDAN VIA AWACS?
As if the lesson cautioning careful study of the low the Egyptian example and work for peace
langers to peace that was provided by the - with Israel, there is a coddling that is inexcusa-
%MACS controversy were mere child's play, a ble.
iew danger is being detonated in the Middle
This is the majority Senatorial feeling. This is
,ast with the proposal to provide military
the realism that should be passed on to
iardware to Jordan.
President Ronald Reagan who conducted a per-
As in the case of the AWACS, a large majority sonal campaign to secure approval of the
if the U.S. Senate has sensed the threat to Israel AWACS sale to the Saudis and who must be
aid to the peace of the entire Middle East in alerted to the new danger, via Jordan, to pre-
uch coddling of irresponsible elements who are vent an erroneous repetition of blunders in the
onstantly injecting menacing aims directed at Middle East.
srael. They have expressed their opposition to
It is to be expected that Israel will be advised
)roviding Jordan with means of building up an
.ir force that would add to the combined de- to act conditionally, to take into account the
tructive forces on Israel's borders. Therefore Palestinians. If there is to be an accord, it .must
he call to action, the admonition to all who be based on negotiations, and neither Jordan,
:ave the slightest perception of what is occur- nor Saudi Arabia, nor any of the other Arab
ing in that embattled area, to exert every effort states, are willing to sit with Israel at a confer-
ence table for that purpose. Israel's antagonists
o stop the maneuvers aimed at increasing the
are more impressed with threats to the lives of
angers to Israel.
Involved in the issue is much more than the Israelis by demonstrating youths, refusing to
ecurity of Israel. It threatens the peace of the take into account the tragedy of losses that re-
ntire area and therefore serves as a warning sults from self-defensive actions. It is the re-
hat what is being encouraged by American of- fusal even to recognize the legitimacy of negoti-
ations that is at issue, and the U.S. must not
cialdom could trigger a world conflict.
King Hussein's influence has apparently ignore it.
iesmerized the U.S. Defense Department to an
There are many factors of deep regret. When
xtent that the ruler of a nation that is itself in Arab lives are sacrificed, as a result of instiga-
onstant conflict with a kindred people, her tions to rioting by the PLO, the media count the
eighboring Arab state, seems to have nothing number of the losses. When, simultaneously,
lse to sustain it in that inter-Arab brotherly thousands are murdered in Arab conflicts, in
onflict than the hatred for Israel. With another
Syria and in Lebanon, there is an ignoring of it.
tate that is plotting Israel's destruction, Saudi
While this may not be related to the threat of
xabia, Jordan keeps playing into the hands of excessive arms for Jordan, similar to what was
ae Soviet Union, but American officials offer
done by this country for Saudi Arabia, there is a
iilitary hardware to both under the • pretext
relationship in the manner in which Israel's
aat it is a protection against Soviet influence in
status is treated.
lie area. And as a threat to the U.S., Jordan has
The recognition of the menacing situation by
yen countered with a warning of securing the
the U.S. Congress is heartening. Now the
ecessary planes and other military aid from friendly sentiments must be passed on to the
President and to the government agencies in-
This is how the peace is being bargained and volved in the planned transactions. It is in sup-
nifty is sacrificed on all scores. Instead of con- port of such aims that the voice of America must
ucting the diplomatic policies with the aim of be heard. This is a time for mobilizing public
rging, perhaps demanding, that the Arab opinion on a major issue affecting peace in one of
bates friendly to the United States should fol- the most troubled areas in the world.
Considering the times and their economic
roblems, this community again rose to envi-
ble heights during the year's Allied Jewish
!ampaign solicitations. The ultimate result,
owever, is falling short of the needed means of
ssuring fulfillment of all obligations and the
)mplete allocations to the many agencies in-
.uded in the most important ahilanthropic
uty confronting Detroit Jewry. This impelled a
)-chairman of the Campaign, Joel Tauber, to
Tort to the Jewish Welfare Federation board
f governors that shortages in the fund's antici-
ated income seem destined to compel reduction
He said to avoid extreme hardships it is be-
)ming necessary to resort to re-solicitations of
While the first effort toward such an unprece-
ented undertaking brought a few good results,
le proposal needs more careful consideration.
here is no question about the sincerity of the
proposers and their earnestness in seeking to
fulfill a serious duty. But before the summer is
over ther% will be another Allied Jewish Cam-
paign in planning as well as progress. In the
interim, special Israel funds will be solicited in
special campaigns and not to harm any of them
the most practical approach is to mobilize for
oncoming successes in fund-raising rather than
by jeopardizing all of them.
Momentarily, the community must learn to
live in accordance with its means or by drawing
on reserves. In the ultimate, and that's ap-
proaching almost immediately, every aim must
be toward assuring the successes of oncoming
This is a time to continue the educational
processes, constantly to inspire the community
to its philanthropic duties. On that path there is
an assurance that the experiences of the past
will always bear the desired fruit.
Random House Volume
Study of Wallenberg Case
Indicts World Indifferehce
Raoul Wallenberg m ay have suffered, and continues to suf fer, in
Soviet prisons because of the indifference of many nations, including
originally his own, the Swedish. This is a major emphasis in the
newest of the many books about the great hero of World War II.
Kati Marton is a Budapest native with an intimate knowledge of
Hungarian history and the background of the anti-Semitic trends
there in the era of Wallenberg's rescue activities. Wallenberg saved
tens of thousands of Jews who faced being assigned to the crematoria
by the Nazis.
Mrs. Marton renews the view that Wallenberg is alive and efforts
must be maintained for his rescue from USSR incarceration, in the
simply titled book, "Wallenberg" (Random House).
Mrs. Marton provides a full account of the Wallenberg activities,
how he was drawn into the rescue mission, his defiance of the Nazis
and the methods he used as a Swedish emissary to rescue Jews who
otherwise could not escape the death camps.
A revealing factor in this book is the story of the assistance that
was given Wallenberg by Elizabeth Kemeny, the wife of Baron Gabor
Kemeny, foreign minister in the government that fell under control of
the Arrow Cross. Mme. Kemeny influenced her husband to allow
Wallenberg to distribute the false passports which saved many Jews.
Baron Kemeny and Arrow4Cross collaborators were executed for war
crimes after the war. Mme. Kemeny, who now lives in Munich, dis-
claims the guilt charge against her husband.
Millos Horthy fought the menace until he was removed from the
Regency of Hungary by the Nazis in their assumption of control of the
country. Mrs. Marton's detailed account of the struggles against the
Arrow Cross provides valuable historical data.
Mrs. Marton drew upon many sources in her claim that Wallen-
berg is alive and his release must be the aim of continuing appeals for
justice for the eminent Swedish hero and humanitarian. There is the
full account of the revealing news secured from Jan Kaplan who was a
cellmate of Wallenberg in Butyrki Prison.
Most revealing in the Marton "Wallenberg" is the experience of
Dr. Nanna Svartz, the Wallenberg family's physician, who was told
by Dr. Alexander Myasnikov, head of several hospitals in Russia, at a
medical conference in Moscow, that he had seen Wallenberg in a
mental institution. When Dr. Svartz, enrolling government aid in
Sweden, pressed for action for Wallenberg's release, the Russian
doctor denied ever having seen the Swedish victim of Russian cruel'-
He implied it was under Nikita Khrushchev's insistence.
Noteworthy in the Marton book is her indictment of the Westei —
powers for failure to act in Wallenberg's behalf. In her criticism of the
failures, which included hesitancy by Swedish officials to exert their
influence, Mrs. Marton states:
"Would they have fared better had they held off until Sweden had
something the Soviets wanted? Or shbuld Stockholm have enlisted
Washington's support and together struck a quiet deal with the
Soviets? There have surely been things Cie Soviets wanted as badly in
the last three decades as the West now, finally, wants Wallenberg.
"The technique was never tested. Not by Sweden, the country of
his birth; not by the United States, which enlisted him for the
Budapest mission; not by Israel, the home of many of the people he
"In the 1980s they are raising monuments and heaping honors on
Raoul Wallenberg. Simon Wiesenthal, the tireless hunter of Nazis,
has taken time off from pursuing the criminals to try to follow Wal-
lenberg's tracks. Those who for 35 years were not heard from weep
now about the debt they owe this man."