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April 30, 1982 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1982-04-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

ir

10

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, April 30, 1982

Israel and Egypt Agree to Resolve Post-Withdrawal Disputes

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Israel and Egypt, actively
assisted by the United
States, signed an interim
agreement on Monday to re-
solve their Sinai border dis-
pute in the Taba region near
Eilat. The issue will be
submitted to "conciliation
. . . or arbitration" as pro-
vided for under Article 7 of
the Egyptian-Israeli peace
treaty. The U.S. will join Is-
rael and Egypt in talks to
decide precisely how that
dispute resolution process
will be applied.
Premier Menahem Begin
strongly supported the

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any of the 14 other points
along the international
boundary still disputed.
Taba itself is an area of
only a few kilometers and
the other disputed ter-
ritories are even smaller.
A solid commitment by
President Reagan to the
Camp David peace process
and the autonomy negotia-
tions and his personal
appreciation of the "sac-
rifices" Israel has made by
returning Sinai to Egypt
were major-,factors in per-
suading the government to
complete the withdrawal
from Sinai last Sunday, it
was disclosed.
The text of the letter
Reagan sent to Begin ,-n
April 20, while the
Cabinet was deliberating
over the withdrawal, was
released.
Although it contained no
new commitments, the Is-
raelis were pleased to have
a reiteration of past Ameri-
can pledges to Israel, par-
ticularly the endorsement
of the Camp David accords
and the autonomy scheme
from a President who had no
part in negotiating those
accords.
On Sunday, President
Reagan issued a public
statement commending Is-
rael for its courage and sac-
rifice in returning the Sinai
to Egypt. He said the with-
drawal from Sinai marks
the beginning of a new era
in peaceful relations be-
tween Israel and Egypt.
United Nations Secretary
1
General Javier Perez de
Cuellar called the Israeli
withdrawal a "significant
and constructive develop-
ment."
Prime Minister Begin
wrote letters of thanks to
Sharon and Army Chief-
of-Staff Raphael Eitan for
the manner in which the
withdrawal was carried out.
He also wrote Jehan Sadat,
widow of Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat, re-
calling her late husband's
role in bringing the day to
■ pass.

interim agreement at last
Sunday's Cabinet session
and had high praise for the
American role both in this
instance and throughout
the peace process itself,
which he said had been
beneficial for Israel.
Begin won the support of
the Cabinet majority
against strenuous opposi-
tion from Defense Minister
Ariel Sharon who objected
because the interim agree-
ment established a prece-
dent for an American role in
negotiating other border
disputes with Egypt.
Both sides won points.
Israel's most important
achievement was a
clause in the interim
agreement stipulating
that "activities which
have been conducted" in
the disputed area until
now may be continued
pending conciliation or
arbitration. That means
that the large hotel and
resort complex under
construction on the Taba
beach can be completed.
The Egyptians won, a
clause forbidding any "new
construction" at Taba. Is-
raeli sources said the Egyp-
tians apparently feared that
anti-withdrawal die-hards
might infiltrate the Taba
region during the interim or

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Sunday's some concessions in the
During
Cabinet meeting Begin Sinai, including allowing
expressed opposition to Israel to continue to use
prosecuting 60 members two air bases there.
of the Stop the With-
There was widespread
drawal movement who unrest this week after the
were arrested by Israeli withdrawal on the West
soldiers.
Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Rabbi Haim Druckman, a
Rafah, which is divided
leader of that movement
by
the Israeli-Egyptian
and a former member of the
National Religious Party boundary, yas the scene of
(NRP), announced the for- major disturbances after
mation of a new political the Egyptians raised their
movement called "Shvut Is- flag over their sector of the
rael" (Israel Return) to town. In Samaria, Tubas
work for the return of Sinai and Kabatiya were placed
to Israel and to work under curfew. Tubas resi-
dents attacked the local
against the NRP.
Labor Alignment leader police station and were dri-
Shimon Peres, touring the ven away by Israeli border
Israeli-Lebanese border police firing tear gas and
during Sunday's final Is- their guns into the air.
Faur Israeli soldiers were
raeli withdrawal from
Sinai, praised Begin for injured by stone-throwing
having carried out the Arab youths in the Jebeliya
withdrawal. But Peres was refugee camp in the Gaza
critical of mistakes he Strip on Wednesday. The
claims were made during soldiers opened fire, wound-
ing four Arab youths.
the last three years.
Rioters and soldiers
Peres claimed that Egypt
had been willing to make battled in several West

Bank towns. Five Arab
youths were wounded in a
clash with Israeli troops in
Nablus.

Levin Lauds
Peace Process
In a speech on the Senate
floor on Monday, U.S. Sena-
tor Carl Levin (D-Mich.)
lauded Israel for its with-
drawal from the Sinai.
He said that "Victors do
not normally leave the
territory they have taken —
especially when that ter
tory has become home
thousands of its people, and
when that territory con-
tains significant natural re-
sources, and when that
territory bears signs of
physical improvements
paid for by that nation, and
when that territory serves
as a natural defensive bar-
rier to possible aggression."
Levin lauded both Israel
and Egypt, as well as U.S.
diplomacy for helping to
bring about the peace proc-
ess in the Middle East.

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Lelyveld Criticizes Reagan

GROSSINGER, N.Y.
(JTA) — The Reagan Ad-
minigtration's domestic and
foreign policies are an at-
tempt to "turn the clock
back" to the days protrayed
by the late John Wayne and
his Western movies, but
they are contrary to Ameri-
can and Jewish values of
mutual aid and compassion,
the American Jewish Con-
gress was told.
Rabbi Arthur Lelyveld of
Cleveland, a former
president of AJCongress,
told more than 300 dele-
gates to the organization's
national biennial conven-
tion in New York that cur-
rent White House policies
were characterized by "rug-
ged selfishness" and
, "rifeanness."
He called the approach
"antithetical to our found-
ing vision and our basic
Jewish values."
In a sweeping criticism
of the Administration,
Lelyveld charged in a
convention keynote ad-
dress that the President's
program sought to "gut"
the civil rights program,
"pillage" natural re-
sources and "subvert"
existing environmental
agencies by staffing them
with appointees whose
goal has been to oppose
the principles and pur-
poses of the agencies they
head.
He also said the Adminis-
tration was "chipping
away" at the wall of separa-

E thnic Incomes

NEW YORK (ZINS) — A
black economist at Stanford
University, Thomas Sawell,
believes that American
Jews have done the best
economically of all U.S.
minority groups.
According to Sawell, Jews
have an income rating of
172, compared to Japanese
Americans' 132 and Poles
115. Ranked lowest were
Mexican Americans at 76,
Puerto Ricans 63, blacks,
62, and native Indians 60.

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