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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the first day of Iyar, 5742, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Leviticus 12:1-15:33, Numbers 28:9-15. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 66:1-24.
Wednesday, Israel Independence Day
Candlelighting, Friday, April 23, 7:04 p.m.
VOL. LXXXI, No. 8
Friday, April 23, 1982
PRECARIOUS APRIL 25
A sad day is approaching. April 25 has been
viewed as a tragedy, as nigh calamitous, as a
critical occasion on the Middle East calendar.
- For many Israelis, and for a multitude of the
Jewish people, it spelled sacrifice that necessi-
tated proclamation of a fast day which was ob-
served as a day of mourning over a decision for
abandonment of land secured by conquest from
a neighbor at war with Israel until the day on
which withdrawal from Sinai was proclaimed in
the interest of peace. That very decision was the
result of a precarious negotiating process which
required a great deal of courage to assert that an
end to warfare was worth a sacrifice.
Now this sacrifice is in itself judged as pre-
carious, as rooted in instability, as an uncer-
tainty dependent on the honor and sincerity of
the signers of the Camp David decisions.
Prophets of doom have spoken and written of
the precariousness of Camp David as if the
Egyptian-Israel agreement were an impossible
act to perform into reality. There are the few
who remain optimistic, who believe the sincer-
ity of Menahem Begin who risks unpopularity
with his people in adhering to the pledge con-
tained in the Camp David document will be
matched by the honor and self-respect of Hosni
Mubarak in his reaffirmation of the assurances
to live up to the historic decisions co-signed by
Anwar Sadat. Hopefully, prophecies of doom
will not destroy the goodwill that has been es-
tablished between Israel and Egypt.
There is a third party: the United States. It
is here that dooming prophecies are more audi-
ble. It is here that the honor of the Camp David
decisions must be treated with respect. To this
area must be credited a deplorable defection. A
Camp David document co-signer, a former
President of the United States, gave comfort to
the PLO with a recommendation that the seek-
- ers of Israel's ckestruction be given credibility.
Jimmy Carter was joined by another former
President, Gerald Ford, in the recommendation
that Arafat be given a-platform in the consider-
ation of Middle East affairs. That was one of the
tragic aftereffects of the assassination of Anwar
These matters are inter-related. It is under-
standable why the Egyptians should wish to
have good relations with fellow Arabs. But
Mubarak said he would not permit any Arab
intrusions to interfere with the peace planning
or to contribute toward ruining the amity with
Israel. Therefore the urgency that such de-
structive tendencies must be prevented in this
Israel's agonies, world Jewry's concerns, are
matters of great concern on the approaching sad
day of April 25. Israel is experiencing pangs
that accompany the task of assuring decency
among peoples, even among her own citizens
who are divided understandably, judged by
democratic standards, on major domestic is-
sues and certainly on the Sinai question. Israel
is troubled by her Arab citizens. Israel is
threatened by the chief enemy whose forces are
threatening security from quarters established
in Lebanon. Israel's military forces would be
denied the right to protect themselves even on
their own soil by mobs who claim the right to
attack and who would deny the responsible de-
- Israel suffers also from the difficulties created
by insanities in her own ranks. A mentally-
deranged person commits murders and Israel
suffers the consequences. Those who resort to
unrealistic inanities, who submit to hatred, who
are maddened by religious fanaticisms that
border on insanity must learn a lesson never to
encourage such loss of mind. Meanwhile, Israel
pays for the insanity of a single madman.
Under these circumstances, this Sunday,
April 25, with its accumulated factors of a
peace-making action being engineered into
warfare, has become an anxiety and challenge.
The situation is saddening. It is agonizing. It
will hopefully end better than anticipated. The
settlers who have been removed for accommo-
dations elsewhere in Israel will surely have a
welcome and cooperation in a state begging for
peace for itself, for all its citizens. Hopefully, the
few Arabs who recognize the validity of peace
aims will work together with Israel towards its
perpetuation. The aim for peace is predominant.
May it be achieved and may the approaching
fatal day prove a victory for humanism and a
repudiation of prophecies of doom. Peace is the
aim. May it always be the predominant factor in
JIMMY PLANS A TRIP
Jimmy Carter has announced plans for a
plane ride to the Middle East. The avowed pur-
pose is to play a role in "solving" the "Palesti-
Which raises many questions regarding the
former President's sentiments affecting "the is-
Indeed, he was one of the trio who engineered
the Camp David peace agreement.
In recognition of it, he was nominated for the
Nobel Peace Prize. He was even endorsed for it
in this very column.
Since then some nefarious occurrences were
stamped on the record of the Middle East,
among them the comfort that was given by two
former U.S. Presidents, including Jimmy Car-
ter, to the organization that has only one aim:
Will anyone who has a good word for the PLO
be treated unsuspiciously when he offers to as-
sist in "solving" the "Palestinian" problem?
True: Jimmy Carter says the plan he - has in
view would not be of a governmental nature and
he claims a good relationship with Israel.
Should he at least wait for an invitation that
would give credence to a planned trip to the
Middle East? Otherwise, how will his antici-
pated role, no matter how sincere, obviate sus-
Four Faiths' Holy Places
Featured in Israel Guide Book
Four faiths are primarily revered in Israel. With Judaism, the
roles of significance shafed by the religious in the Holy Land are
Christianity, Islam and Bahai.
Israel is among the most attractive countries in the world for
tourists, and adherents of all faiths visiting the country now are best
aided by the newest of guide books, "The Pilgrim's Interfaith Guide to
the Holy Land." Its completeness and thoroughness, a mere 150
pages, has the assurance of authoritativeness by the authorship of Dr.
Franklin H. Littell. He was assisted in its preparation by his wife,
Marcia Sachs Littell.
In his introduction to this volume,
Dr. Little lists the major holy sites
for the four faiths:
"For Judaism, Jerusalem is the city
of King David and the site of the First
and Second Temples. The other major
sacred cities are Safed, Hebron and
Tiberias. For Christianity, the key- lo-
cations are Jerusalem, Bethlehem and
"Islam is linked to Jerusalem by the
`further mosque,' El Aksa, after
Mecca and Medina the most sacred
shrine of the religion founded by
Mohammed. The international head-
quarters of the Bahai faith are in
Haifa, near the shrine of the founder of
the movement; the shrine of the
REV. FRANKLIN LITTELL forerunner is located just outside
There is, however, a very long list of holy places which are traced
historically by the authors. They provide a geographic legacy. They
serve as an enriching guide to Israel as the Holy Land for all faiths.
An accompanying map lists the 40 major holy places and arrows
them from a descriptive listing to the place on the map. That list
Jerusalem: the Old City, the new city, the surrounding coun-
tryside; Akko, Mosque of El Aksa, Basilica of the Annunciation, The
Bahai Shrines, Banias, Beersheva, Beit Alfa, Beit Hatefutsot (Dias-
pora Museum); Beit Shean, Beit She'arim, Caesarea, Capernaum,
Chagall Windows, Chay Bar, David's Tomb and the Cenacle, Dome
of the Rock, Ein Gedi, Haifa, Hatzor, Hebron, Herodion, Herod's
Jerusalem, Hezekiah's Tunnel, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jaffa
and Tel Aviv, Jericho, Karantal, Lake Kinneret, Lohamei Hageta'(
Masada (Metzada), Megiddo, Church of the Nativity, Nebi Shueiu,
Nes Amim, Safed, St. Catherine's Monastery, Sde Boker, Shechem,
Shrine of the Book, Solomon's Pools, Tantur, Tiberias, Via Dolorosa,
The Western Wall, Yad Vashem and Yehiam. _
Co-published by the Jerusalem Post and the Israel Carta Pub-
lishing Co., the Interfaith Guide was printed in Israel.
Dr. Littell, a regular contributor to The Detroit Jewish News,
whose comments on world affairs emphasize the justice of Israel's
battles for security, is professor of religion at Temple University,
He is president of the National Christian Leadership Conference
for Israel. Dr. Littell has made more than a dozen trips to Israel since
the Six-Day War.
He was assisted in the guide by Marcia Sachs Littell, a profes-
sional educator who is presently executive director of the National
Institute on the Holocaust in the U.S.