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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 27th day of Shevat, 5742, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Exodus 21:1-24:18, 30:11-16.
Prophetical portion, II Kings 12:1-17.
Tuesday and Wednesday, Rosh Hodesh Adar, Numbers 28:1-15.
Candlelighting, Friday, Feb. 19, 5:52 p.m.
VOL. LXXX, No. 25
Friday, February 19, 1982
A Challenged Generation
THE CURRENT DILEMMA
A generation of American Jews who have
come of age, who have reached a stage of eco-
nomic, political and social freedom, now faces
most serious challenges.
It is confronted by threats from increasing
assimilation, mixed marriages, declining cul-
tural standards and diffused leadership.
Rabbi Max Weine, responding to the pres-
sures of the time, yielding to the compulsion to
test the issues that affect this generation of
American Jews, takes into account the many
realities which emerge as problems demanding
His "Fifty Years in Retrospect" is an account-
ing of experiences which lead up to current ex-
periences that are filled with agonized demands
for solutions, if the status of American Jewry is
to regain the cultural aspirations vital to com-
While he views the situation with great con-
cern, Rabbi Weine retains an optimistic atti-
tude towards solutions which should lead to
genuine heights in treating the Jewish legacies
with dignity. The negatives that are outlined by
him can not be ignored.
As the rabbinic authority selected to teach
aspiring converts to Judaism he knows and
understands the problems created by an in-
creasing rate of intermarriage. As a rabbi
whose roots are in the highest cultural aspira-
tions he has tested all the other issues at stake.
Even in his criticism of leadership his ap-
proaches render an immense service for all who
wish to confront the future with realism.
His retrospective analyses offer food for
thought, material for study, -challenges de-
manding serious consideration of the status of
Jewry in this critical period in history.
"The question of which Senators were Jewish
was discussed. And in one of the final sessions, a
representative of a major corporation rose and
told his Business Roundtable colleagues, The
children of Israel will stub their toes on this
one.' Hunt, however, denies that anti-Semitic
comments were made. 'There was not one com-
ment made about Jews,' he said. 'I have a lot of
respect for the little people.' "
This, as indicated, is very, very minor com-
pared with the massive pressures and involve-
The shock is that the White House should
have been a factor in the deals, that some Sena-
tors should have yielded to the pressures, even if
Considering the campaign still carried on by
the Saudis against the Camp David decisions,
and the manner in which Saudis glory in the
assassination of Anwar Sadat, some calling it
an "execution," the basis for concern over the
existing situation affecting the Middle East is
growing more distressing.
REALISM ABOUT UN
Cartoonists are a power in the media. They
often irritate with sarcasm, more often they ex-
pose with realism, as in the case of Larry
Wright's Miami News punch line. He chronicled
the world's ills confronting the UN:
"The Russians Are Occupying Afghanistan,
the Polish People Are Suffering Under Martial
Law, Civilians Have Been Slaughtered by Gov-
ernment Troops in El Salvador, Members of the
Bahai Faith Are Being Systematically Exe-
cuted by the Iranians, and Fidel Castro Is In-
volved in Running Drugs and Exporting Revo-
lution. Does anyone have a suggestion?"
From the opposite end, portrayed in the car-
toon, is a voice: "I move we condemn Israel!"
History of Bund Traced;
Translators Are Critical
Accompanying Secretary of Defense Caspar
Weinberger on his trip to Saudi Arabia, New
York Times correspondent Richard Halloran
has occasion to interview Saudi Arabians in
Bahrain. One of them, unidentified, made a
comment not to be ignored. Quoting Halloran's
"After one conversation, a senior information
official was asked whether anything good at all
had come from the Camp David effort. 'Only the
death of Sadat,' he replied."
This shock would be easier to absorb had it
not been for renewed and continuing revela-
tions that the campaign that had been con-
ducted for approval of the AWACS sale to Saudi
Arabia was conducted on a massive scale under
pressure from industrialists and big business
with a resort to blackmail and marked by an
anti-Semitic un-American trend.
Most revealing of the exposing facts indicat-
ing the pressures upon firms seeking Saudi dol-
lars in exchange for action to influence votes in
support of the Saudi demands for the AWACS
is the series in the New Republic in which Ste-
ven Emerson, former member of the staff of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, declares
that "the best-kept secret of the sale of AWACS
reconaissance planes to Saudi Arabia is that it
was saved from defeat in the U.S. Senate by a
massive and unprecedented corporate lobbying
The facts and figures exposed by Emerson are
staggering. Hundreds of millions of dollars in
business deals were involved, with American
firms threatened to lose Saudi business unless
they acted to line up votes.
Was there also anti-Semitism involved in the
propaganda conducted against Israel? Here is
one comparatively minor incident reported by
Emerson with respect to the role of Steven
Hunt, director of government relations for N.L.
,Industries, one of the major firms involved in
Effects of Socialism on Jewish experiences, the migration trends
and the extremism that was introduced by the Marxists were vital in
Jewish life in the first decades of this century. Playing a major role in
these aspects of social and political thinking was the Bund. Its history
and the attitudes of the founders are importantly introduced in a
volume that must be regarded as of historic significance in dealing
with these matters. "A Socialist Perspective on Jews, America and
Immigration" (Ktav) assumes significance thanks to two able trans-
lators of the descriptive texts from the Yiddish.
The introduction to this small (109 pages) but impressive volume
is in its contents as well as the translated documents dealing with the
history and philosophy of the Bund. The authoritative translators
from the Yiddish are Profs. Uri D. Herscher and Stanley F. Chyet,
both of the history department of the Hebrew Union College-Jewish
Institute of Religion, Los Angeles. They define the Bund:
"The Jewish Bund — a composite of different East European
Jewish Socialist bodies organized in 1897 as the General Jewish
Workers Bund (or League) in Lithuania, Poland and Russia — consti-
tuted a major bloc in the Russian delegation to the International
Socialist Congress held at Paris in 1900."
The texts Herscher and Chyet translated provide the devinitive
on the Socialist thinking of the founders.
Primary in thd contents of this volume are the writings in Yid-
dish on Boris Markovitch Frumkin, pen name of B. Gornberg, and
Shimon Ginzburg, pen name of Yevgeni Gieser.
About Frumkin's views, the translators say, "His view of Ameri-
can economic life was wholly ideological; capitalism in the United
States was virtually without a redeeming feature, and labor spokes-
men given toy less censorious anti-capitalist outlook than his own
had scarcely more to recommend them. He had only scorn for the likes
of Hi (Morris) Hillquit and (Samuel) Gompers. The success they had
known in establishing the basis for a muscular American labor
movement counted for little against their ideological failure . . ."
The same views were shared by Ginzburg (Gieser).
The Frumkin-Ginzburg reports were submitted to the Interna-
tional Socialist Congress in 1907.
Special attention is given in Socialist movements to matters
dealing with immigration and emigration. The resolution adopted by
the International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart in 1907 began with
the statement: _
"The Congress declares:
"Immigration and emigration of workers are phenomena closely
bound up with the essence of capitalism, exactly as are unemploy-
ment, overproduction and the underconsumption of labor. They are
often a means of reducing the worker's share in the fruits of his labor,
and are at times abnormally increased by political, religic - - nd
"The Congress cannot agree that any political or economic exclu-
sion laws whatsoever are a valid means of dealing with the dangers to
the workers which might ensue from immigration and emigration."
It is indicated that these Bundist founders seemed to have no
interest in the developing interests of Jews who migrated to the U.S.,
in the Yiddish theater or any other cultural aspect. Thus it was the
idealism generated by Socialist and the Marxist views in capitalism
that was primary in their thinking and actions.
Of interest is the indication of a mutuality by Frumkin and
Ginzburg with Werner Sombart, the German Social Democrat and
future Nazi sympathizer. They were alike in their views as to how
little the American labor movement was attracted to Socialism.
Charts showing the immieation statistics for the years 1880 to
1905 appear as appendices to this volume and add to its importance.